Physical quantities were measured in terms of standardized values called units.
For Example - In this picture below,
Length of a road- a physical quantity
Expressed in kilometers or meters- km/m are units.
If units are not clearly mentioned, then it could be difficult to compare the measured values elaborately.
Units are measured in two ways- SI units (metric system) and English units (imperial system)
The English system is widely used in the US. In the present times, every country has accepted SI units as standardized units, so mathematicians and scientists are accepting SI units as the universal method.
The International System of Units (SI) is defined as a metric system that is used as a measurement standard accepted globally. SI unit is derived from the French word Systeme International. It plays a vital role in developing scientific and technical research to avoid confusion within units. It consists of 7 base units that define 22 derived units. The quantities are defined with the power of 10, ranging from 10-24 to 1024. It is expressed as fractional or standard quantities.
Listed Below is The Table Which Represents SI Units
List of SI Units
SI units are used in physics to express different quantities which are classified to:
Basic units and Derived units.
SI Basic Units
Basic units are known as the fundamental units which are mostly used as the building block of the system of units and then the other units can be derived from SI basic units.
List of SI Basic units
There are 7 SI basic units. These units are interdependent with each other mutually stating Base Units. Each unit along with its SI units, symbol, and expressions are given below:
SI Derived Units:
There are only limited derived units that form different operations over the base units. In the case of derived units, the dimensions are expressed related to the dimensions of the base units. It can also be expressed by combining base and derived units.
List of SI Derived Units
These SI units are mostly used units. Other than these there are certain units feature mostly seen in physics such as
There are numerous numbers, terms and quantities studied in physics which are expressed in various units. One must know the CGS and the SI units frequently to ace in physics.
Advantages of CGS Units and SI Units
SI units and CGS units questions are very common in physics examinations
The units and explanations can help to get into the depth of different topics.
These are provided in an interactive manner to understand easily.
These units are provided in points so that the concept will remain clear for a longer time.
Units of Measurement for Length, Time, Mass And Volume
The SI unit of length is a meter. It is defined as the length traveled by night in a path is 1/299792458 seconds.
(Image to be added soon)
Some other units of length include nanometres, millimeters, decimeters, centimeters, meters, kilometers.
Non-SI units of length include yard, inch, foot.
The SI unit of time is second. It can be considered as the time-taken, which is equal to 9192631770 vibrations of radiation to the distance between two hyperfine intervals of the cesium-133 atom. Time is a continuous process of existence to the future, present, and past. To know about the existence of any being, units of time are considered. The units of time are an hour, minute, and second.
Units of time are
Minute = 60 seconds
Hour = 60 minutes
Day = 24 hours
Week = 7 days
Month = 28 to 31 days
Year = 365 /366 days
One thing you must keep in mind is that mass is different from weight. Mass is defined as the quantity of matter in an object. The most used units for the measurement of mass are gram and kilogram.
SI unit of mass is the kilogram (kg)
Other units of mass are
Milligram = 1/1000g
Decigram = 1/10g
Centigram = 1/100g
Gram = 1000 milligrams
Decagram= 10 grams
Hectogram = 100 grams
Metric ton =1000 kilograms
Kilogram = 1000 grams
Capacity is measured by volume. To measure the capacity of an object the unit of volume is required. The SI unit of volume is measured in cubic meters.
1m3= 1m × 1m × 1m
Some Other Units Of Volume Are
What does SI Unit mean?
The International System of Units, abbreviated as SI Units, is a system of units of measurement that has been internationally recognised. It is the only system that has been recognised in this manner and is therefore used wherever the metric system is adopted. It is also used worldwide in scientific research.
The system is based on seven units that are known as the Base SI Units. From these Base SI Units, there have been 22 more units derived, giving them the name Coherent Derived SI Units, or simply Derived SI Units.
The seven Base SI Units are the Second for Time, the Metre for Length, the Ampere for Electric Current, the Candela for Luminous Intensity, the Mole for Amount of Substance, the Kilogram for Mass, and the Kelvin for Thermodynamic Temperature.
The 22 Coherent Derived SI Units are as follows:
Hertz for Frequency
Joule for Energy, Work, Heat
Pascal for Pressure, Stress
Radian for Angle
Steradian for Solid Angle
Coulomb for Electric Charge
Newton for Force
Ohm for Electric Resistance
Volt for Voltage
Farad for Electrical Capacitance
Siemens for Electrical Conductance
Tesla for Magnetic Induction
Henry for Electrical Inductance
Degree Celsius for Temperature relative to degree Kelvin
Weber for Magnetic Flux
Gray for Absorbed Dose of Ionising Radiation
Lumen for Luminous Flux
Lux for Illuminance
Becquerel for Radioactivity
Katal for Catalytic Activity
Sievert for Equivalent Dose of Ionising Radiation
As you can see, the Derived SI Units and the quantities they represent are connected to or based on the seven Base SI Units.
Together, the seven Base SI Units plus the 22 Coherent Derived SI Units form the collective International System of Units. This system of units is used all over the world in scientific research and study. Most of these units are also used in most of the world for regular, day-to-day use. For example, most countries in the world use the metre and kilometre as measures of distance and length, while only a few countries use miles as the main measurement of distance and length.