Gauss Rifle Experiment

Overview of Gauss Accelerator

What would you do with magnets and ball bearings that make a lot of noise? Why, of course, build a magnetic rifle! Now, this rifle is not a weapon, but a fun way for you to learn a lot more about the concepts of physics, such as momentum and magnetism. With this physics kit, you'll see a magnetic field at work and use it to make a Gauss rifle. We've already got enough neodymium magnets and steel balls to create a four-stage Gauss weapon! Check for various combinations of magnets and balls to see if the final speed of the arm varies.


What is a Gauss Rifle?

The Gauss Rifle is also known as the Gaussian gun. The Gauss rifle research project discussed here is a simple one because it makes use of a basic method that relies on a magnetic chain reaction to release steel marble at a higher speed. This project is very easy to build and easy to understand. Gauss rifle is a kind of projectile accelerator composed of one or more coils used as electromagnets in the configuration of a linear motor that accelerates a ferromagnetic or high-speed projectile.


How to Make a Gauss Rifle?

In this experiment, you will see a steel ball rolling towards a magnetic taped plastic rail. When the magnet is struck by the ball, another fire at the opposite side at a much higher level. You just need some basic materials like straight rail, wood, plastic, and more to prepare this project. Here's a detailed explanation of the project.


Characteristics of Gauss Rifle

The Gauss rifle is capable of causing very high damage after being fired when fully charged. More capacitors, a shielded barrel, and a compensator or suppressor can be used. Capacitors and exposed copper wiring run alongside the barrel, and the view of the Nixie tube above the stock gives the firearm a percentage of charge. The rifle operates on the charging principle: the user holds the trigger to build up the charge and releases the trigger to fire a round (about 50 percent of the fully charged shot). It is fed rounds through a dorsal cylindrical magazine, and its projectile produces a momentary blue trail, similar to a lightning bolt.

The Gauss rifle is very inaccurate when attempting to fire from the shoulder. The reflex sight is basically a "rear sight" aperture for a glowing front viewing post. Most of the key advantages of most reflex sights (clear sight unobstructed by the bulk of the weapon) are lost when attempting to use one on a Gauss rifle.

The Gauss rifle is inaccurate with its conventional sights. The scope needed to compensate for this deficiency requires a heavy investment in Gun Nut craftsmanship, with night vision and reconversions also requiring investment in science! Okay, perk. The Gauss rifle is used for unusual and costly 2 mm EC rounds as opposed to the micro fusion cells used by the Anchorage-era models. 


Materials Required 

  • Wooden Ruler

  • Two dowels

  • Copper pipes

  • Clear adhesive tape

  • Glue

  • Strong cylindrical magnets

  • Nine steel balls


Procedure 

  1. Place the first magnet on the wooden ruler on the 2.5-inch mark. If you do not use the ruler, you need to measure the distance and make sure that you place the magnet at the point of the mark. 

  2. Tap the ruler on the table temporarily so that the magnets do not jump and tie together. 

  3. Keep four magnets on the ruler with a distance of 2.5 inches between them. 

  4. Place two steel balls on the right side of each magnet. Make sure the ball doesn't roll out of the ruler. 

  5. Now, this is the time to shoot! Set the steel ball to the left-most magnet and move it to the ground. 

  6. When the gauss rifle shots, the ball on the right fires away from the gun and hits the target with continuous force.


Observation 

When the first ball is released to the left-most magnet. It hits it with a tremendous amount of force, and it produces kinetic energy. This energy from the ball is transferred to the magnet, and then the ball is released to the right. Now the third ball moves with kinetic energy and repeats the process until the last ball shoots with more force.


What's the Gauss Gun? 

The core of the gauss gun consists of a single neodymium magnet with several steel balls attached to it. If another single steel ball rolls into the magnet, this ball is accelerated by the enticing power of the magnet. The closest the ball gets to the magnet, the greater the acceleration force becomes. It impacts the magnet at a higher speed than it used to be. 

When the impact happens, the energy is transferred to the ball at the other end, giving it a speed that is about the same speed as the first magnet, just before the impact. 

The multi-stage Gauss Gun uses several successive stages to achieve faster speeds.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is a Gauss Rifle?

A Gauss rifle, better known as a coilgun, is a special form of electromagnetic accelerator capable of accelerating a metal bullet by manipulating the electromagnetic forces produced in a barrel by means of special windings. Unlike conventional firearms, the thrust of the projectile is not provided by the combustion of explosive mixtures (e.g. gunpowder) but by the electromagnetic forces that arise when a ferromagnetic object (projectile) is subjected to a magnetic field.

2. Explain the Observation of Gauss Rifle?

The Gauss Rifle is also known as the Gaussian gun. The Gauss rifle research project discussed here is a simple one because it makes use of a basic method that relies on a magnetic chain reaction to release steel marble at a higher speed. The project is very easy to build and easy to understand.


Observation of Gauss Rifle

When the first ball is released to the left-most magnet. It hits it with a tremendous amount of force, and it produces kinetic energy. This energy from the ball is transferred to the magnet, and then the ball is released to the right. Now the third ball moves with kinetic energy and repeats the process until the last ball shoots with more force.