Aristotle Fallacy

What is Fallacy?

Do you know what is fallacy? Fallacy means a general kind of appeal or we can say, it as a category of argument that looks a lot like a decent perceptive. But we may not find it as convincing.

We need to take into consideration these three points to make our search easier about fallacy:

  1. We should consider fallacies as kinds of arguments.

  2. Fallacies may be invalid or not worthy.

  3. Somebody can claim the argument which can make sense in certain aspects.

The fallacy is a kind of statement that satisfies controversies which is sometimes not possible to solve or state the argument as correct in front of others.


What is Aristotle Fallacy?

In our day-to-day life, we observe many objects and living things in motion. The non-living objects are the only objects that we can set into motion. 

Assume that, you set a football or a toy car in motion on the plane surface by some external force. 

Can you say what happens with those objects? Does it require an external force to stay in motion? 

The answer is very simple. This article will provide you with sure information regarding Aristotle’s fallacy laws of motion.


Aristotle Fallacy Explained

In the above paragraph, some questions were asked about football or a toy car. We will discuss the toy that needs an external force to continue to stay in motion. Once you put your hands out of the car, it will stop gradually.

For football, it is also the same. When we roll a football on a lawn or any smooth surface, it comes to rest gradually. We can also set them into motion when we put the external force again.

The Greek philosopher Aristotle observed some practical incidents and set a conclusion that, to keep an object in the state of uniform motion, an external force is required. This statement is depicted as Aristotle’s fallacy.


Aristotle Law of Motion

Aristotle made a statement on the laws of motion. According to him, an object stays in the state of uniform motion by the application of an external force. The object should move on with force without stopping. 

The laws of motion from Newton denied the Aristotle fallacy. According to him, an object that is in motion should stop gradually without any external force. The force is necessary for the object to be in motion. 

When you roll a ball, it stops at some point due to the lack of external force to keep it in continuous motion. However, many forces are applied to the ball, such as frictional force, force of the wind, and so forth. These forces can make it stop after some time.


Different Kinds of Fallacies

There are many fallacies that destabilize the reasonable strength of the argument. Fallacy means which is logically incorrect. The conversions of humans can have fallacies. Fallacies have numerous forms that is why they are hard to classify. 

Still, the fallacies are classified into two categories, such as:

  1. Structure or formal fallacies, and 

  2. Content or informal fallacies

The formal fallacies are of three types, such as:

  1. Quantification fallacies

  2. Formal syllogistic fallacies

  3. Propositional fallacies

The informal fallacies are of five types such as:

  1. Improper premise

  2. Faulty generalizations

  3. Questionable cause

  4. Relevance fallacies

  5. Red herring fallacies


Logical Fallacies

The logical fallacies are the kind of fallacies that are not easy to spot. You can’t judge someone’s perspective in every case. When someone is speaking loudly, or sneaking into daily meetings, or uttering whispery words, makes it difficult to understand.

Fallacies can help you understand these kinds of phenomena. It is very significant to know about fallacies before going to any debate. Fallacies assist you to stand confidently against any claims or arguments. It is witnessed that there are fifteen common fallacies seen among humans; they are:

  1. The Appeal to Authority Fallacy

  2. The Straw Man Fallacy

  3. The Bandwagon Fallacy

  4. The Hasty Generalization Fallacy

  5. The False Dilemma Fallacy

  6. The Correlation/Causation Fallacy

  7. The Slothful Induction Fallacy

  8. The Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy

  9. The Anecdotal Evidence Fallacy

  10. The Burden of Proof Fallacy

  11. The Middle Ground Fallacy

  12. The "No True Scotsman" Fallacy

  13. The Personal Incredulity Fallacy

  14. The Fallacy Fallacy

  15. The Tu quoque Fallacy


Aristotle Fallacies Examples

  • We can’t keep an object in uniform motion even though we apply external force continuously. As we have discussed to roll the ball or move the toy car, it requires external force. After the release of the external force, it will stop. 

  • The motion vanished due to the act of another force known as friction. The frictional force always applies in a direction opposite to the external force. The wheels of the toy car touch the floor so that the frictional force generated from the surface helps to eliminate the motion.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Is it Necessary to Use an External Force to Retain a Body in Uniform Motion?

Ans: The answer is a big No! 

The body will only be in motion in a straight path or stay at rest when no external force acts upon it. Newton's first law of motion given clearly explains this phenomenon.

Q2. Who Put Forward the Moment of Inertia?

Ans: Sir Isaac Newton gave the concept of the moment of inertia. He said about the motion or the rest of an object with proper explanation and application. He also gave three laws of motion and stated their phenomenon with real-life examples.

Q3. What Causes Inertia in a Body?

Ans: Everybody possess inertia as they are under the influence of the gravitational force of the earth. The influence of gravitational force either opposes the rise or helps in the fall of an object. This states that whether a body is at rest or motion, it is in inertia.

Q4. Explain the Characteristics of Uniform Motion.

Ans: Let’s consider circular motion. An athlete who is running in a circular track should change the velocity as the direction is changing. We can say that he is running at a constant speed. But when a body revolves around a circular path or moves forward in a straight path with constant velocity, it is said to be in uniform motion.