Questions & Answers

Who is the father of zoology?
A. Aristotle
B. Theophrastus
C. Lazzaro Spallanzani
D. Carolus Linnaeus

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: Zoology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of animal life. In zoology we study about the evolution, anatomy, physiology, behaviour, habitats, and health of animals. The diverse approaches include electron microscopy, molecular genetics, and field ecology.

Complete answer:
Aristotle (384–322 B.C.E.) was among the greatest philosophers of all time whose intellectual range was vast, covering most of the sciences and arts, poetics, political theory and psychology. He was born in Greece. Aristotle is considered the father of zoology because of his major contributions to zoology which include a huge amount of information regarding the variety, structure, behaviour of animals, the analysis of the different parts of living organisms and the beginnings of the science of taxonomy. During Aristotle’s time, only 500 species were known and were divided into eight classes.
Theophrastus (c. 371–287 BCE) was a nomadic philosopher and close colleague of Aristotle’s. He wrote many papers, in all areas of philosophy to support, improve, expand, and develop the Aristotelian system. He is known as the father of botany. He developed his vocabulary to explain various plant processes and horticultural and agricultural efforts.
Lazzaro Spallanzani (12 January 1729 – 11 February 1799) was born in the village of Scandiano in northern Italy. He made important contributions to the experimental study of bodily functions, animal reproduction. His research on biogenesis paved the way for the downfall of spontaneous generation; an idea dealt by French scientist Louis Pasteur.
Carolus Linnaeus is regarded as the father of modern taxonomy, defined binomial nomenclature, the modern system of nomenclature of an organism.

So, the correct answer is (A) Aristotle.

Branches of Zoology
Animal life has been studied since ancient times. Modern study of zoology begins with the introduction of the comparative anatomical study by Hunter and Cuvier. Post comparative anatomy study, new sub disciplines were included and these are:
> Zoography
> Comparative anatomy.
> Herpetology.
> Animal physiology.
> Entomology.
> Behavioural Ecology.
> Ornithology.
> Invertebrate and vertebrate zoology.
> Father of Zoology: Aristotle
> Father of Botany: Theophrastus
> Father of Taxonomy: Carolus Linnaeus