To solve the problems present in the IAO question paper, the candidate should have knowledge of the simple concepts of high school physics and mathematics which makes up the IAO 2021 syllabus. These concepts do not include differential calculus or integral equations, complex numbers, and spherical trigonometry. When the problem is provided to the candidates during the examination most of the details are removed and they will be provided with the various supplementary data tables which the candidates can use to solve the problems which are given.
The problem text in the examination uses suitable units which are commonly used in astronomy and physical sciences. Candidates are required to use a suitable unit, apart from the usual SI system.
The candidates must use the right rounding off and answer the final results with the correct number of significant digits.
The candidates are expected to use the units which are commonly used in astronomy and physics.
The candidates have to round off their answers correctly.
About IAO 2021 Examination
The International Astronomy Olympiad is a scientific-educational event for junior high school students aged 14 to 18, which involves an academic competition among these students. The problem-solving style is intended to foster innovation, ingenuity, and independent thinking.
The Olympiad is held in a spirit of cooperation and tolerance, with the competition serving as a catalyst for participants to demonstrate their skills, but interactions, exchange of ideas, and collaboration between students, teachers, and scientists from different countries take precedence. It should be stressed that the competition at the International Astronomy Olympiad is a key but not the most important part of the program. The IAO is not held to select the best students or to prove why it’s the best examination, but it is held to develop innovative and independent thinking in the mind of the student.
Every year, in the first two months of the astronomical autumn which is between September 22 to November 22, IAO is held in either an observatory, a scientific research centre (town), or an institute of one of the participating countries. The Approved National Representative (Astronomical) Organization (ANRAO) of the organizing country organizes IAO. But due to the ongoing pandemic situation all around the world, the IAO event has been postponed.
Aim of IAO
Astronomy plays a very important role in the progress of humans and will surely require more global importance in the 21st century. Having astronomy knowledge is very important as it plays a very important role in developing a part of our civilization and it is also an essential factor in forming the view of life and it also helps in changing the way of thinking of many young people in this modern world.
Due to this reason the Astronomy Olympiad aims at three important thing and those are:
1. Discovering the most talented young people encouraging them to have a professional career in the field of astronomy:
The IAO helps in giving young people an opportunity for showing their capabilities and encouraging the best students.
The olympiad helps the young people in choosing the field of astronomy as their profession.
Exchange of ideas and experience between astronomers, professors, and students, as well as familiarisation with the actual working conditions and quality of the research work in the hosting observatory (institute).
2. Improving astronomical education by spreading the knowledge among as many students as possible:
A lot of children are not familiar with the concept of astronomy. The olympiad program helps in enlightening the light of interest in astronomy, physics, and astronautics in a greater number of children and among many young people.
It encourages the teachers to work on improving, enriching, and enlarging the school astronomy education and also get as many children in it.
The junior classes in the high school are not familiar with astronomy education. The IAO helps in activating astronomy education in the junior classes, by doing so children will have an interest in the topic from the beginning.
Helps in promoting extracurricular activities in amateur clubs, scientific societies, circles, etc.
It helps in enhancing the international contacts in the field of astronomy and physics education in schools.
3. Helps in stimulating the creativity and imagination of children:
The nature of the astronomical tasks allows for putting students in non-standard situations that are quite similar to those in real scientific research;
They may include creating hypotheses, assuming approximations, choosing between a plethora of factors that could be taken into account or ignored, and making independent decisions about the type of the required answers;
The astronomical tasks will set unusual aims.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What are the Eligibility Criteria For the IAO 2021 Examination?
Ans: The ANRAO of any participating country has to send up to five students who have won their respective national olympiads which is three students for group Alpha with the age between 14-15 years old and two students for group Beta with the age between 16-18 years. They will be joined by two team leaders from their respective countries.
2. How to Register For the INO 2021 Examination?
Ans: There are three ways in which the candidate can register for the IAO 2021 examination
Send an ANRAO member to the upcoming IAO.
Send a team to the next licensed IAO-style case.
Send a small team to an IAO based on a 'historical territory' or to an IAO that applies the same rules.
3. What are the Books that are Recommended For the IAO 2021 Examination?
Ans: The student who is aspiring to participate in the International Astronomy Olympiad may find the following books very helpful while preparing for the examination.
In any case, if the student wants to get the basic knowledge of astronomy then he or she might refer to the Astronomy: Principles and Practice Fourth edition by A.E.Roy and D.Clarke.
The most recommended textbook for astronomy which is very well written and is recommended by everyone to a candidate to start preparing for the IAO examination is The Universe by the author’s Roger Freedman, Robert Geller, and William.J.Kaufmann.