Plant Anatomy MCQs

Multiple Choice Questions On Plant Tissues

NEET is one of the toughest exams a student can give in India. Every topic that holds a certain amount of marks is important for students. Because a single mark difference can lead to a massive decrease in your ranking. Today we are going to discuss plant anatomy MCQs, these questions have previously appeared in NEET exams so it will help you test your preparation. 

1. Which of the following from the given below is considered to be the most primitive in terms of ontogenetically as well as phylogenetically?

  • Parenchyma

  • Collenchyma

  • Sclerenchyma

  • Aerenchyma

2. How do Monocot leaves grow in nature?

  • Apical meristem

  • Lateral meristem

  • Intercalary meristem

  • Dermatogen

3. Which of these statements are correct in terms of motor cell property?

  • We can see the motor cell in the grass.

  • The cell is quite large in size and has thin-walled colourless.

  • A motor cell has vacuolated cells on the adaxial surface. 

  • All the above

4. If a given fruit is grafted using Scion as stock, then the quality of fruits produced will have what type of genotype?

  • Stock

  • Scion

  • Both stock and Scion

  • Neither does it have stock nor Scion. 

5. Given below are the list of some plants which of them show multi-epidermis?

  • Interfascicular position 

  • Multicellular Nature

  • Gravitational Force

  • Supply hormones on two sides differently.

6. What will happen to the marking that has been put on the tree nearly 20 years back?

  • Height of the carved will increase in 20 years.

  • Due to secondary growth, the name will be erased from the tree.

  • The height of the carving will be in the exact same location

  • Height of the carving will decrease. 

7. How does ground grass and Bamboo elongate itself? What does that activity call?

  • Apical meristem

  • Lateral meristem

  • Secondary meristem

  • Intercalary meristem

8. Which of the given chloroplast tissue has the most number 

  • Palisade tissue

  • Spongy tissue

  • Transfusion tissue

  • Bundle sheath cells. 

9. What will happen to the roots if the stem of a given plant gets attacked by girdler?

  • Roots are going to die first

  • Shoots of the plant will die first

  • Both of shoots and roots will die at the same time

  • Nothing will happen. 

NEET Questions on Anatomy of Flowering Plants

10. Which part of the plant provides us with industrial level jute fibres?

  • Interxylary fibres

  • Xylem fibres

  • Phloem fibres

  • None of these

11. Where can we see an abnormal secondary growth in the plantation?

  • Dracaena

  • Wheat

  • Ginger

  • Rice

12. Which of the following is made up of the dead cells?

  • Xylem parenchyma

  • Collenchyma

  • Phellem 

  • Phloem

13. the Pith and the cortex do not at any term differentiate in 

  • Monocot stem of the plant

  • Dicot stem of the plant

  • Monocot root of the plant

  • Dicot root.of the plant

14. The translocation of food takes place by the help of Sieve tubes because of which property? 

  • Sieve tubes don’t have bordered pits

  • Doesn’t have end walls sticking to it.

  • Has no border lumen and perforated cross walls

  • No protoplasm

15. What are Cork cambium and Vascular cambium?

  • They are parts of secondary xylem and phloem

  • Parts of pericycle

  • Lateral meristem

  • Apical meristem

Anatomy of Flowering Plants NEET Questions

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16. During the process of grafting stock and Scion forms a union but which one of them occurs first?

  • Formation of callus comes first

  • Production of plasmodesmata takes place in the beginning

  • The differentiation of new vascular tissue forms first.

  • The regeneration of cortex and epidermis

17. Where do the Casparian bands occur in plants?

  • Epidermis

  • Endodermis

  • Pericycle

  • Phloem

18. A cellular structure which is well organised and differentiated does contain a cytoplasm but does not have any nucleus what is it called? 

  • Vessels

  • Xylem parenchyma

  • Sieve tubes.

  • Tracheids

19. Which of the following if we expose them to sunlight and air would decay at a much faster rate than others?

  • Sapwood

  • Softwood

  • Wood with a lot of fibres

  • Heartwood

20. As a plant becomes a tree and starts to grow its roots, stems and trunk which of the following wood from the list below grows at a faster speed than the other three?

  • Heartwood

  • Sap Wood

  • Phloem 

  • Cortex

21. Which of the given properties in the below list is not right about Sclereids?

  • Sclereids are a group of living cells

  • They are present in nutshells, guava pulp, pear.

  • Sclereids are also called stone cells

  • When they come in contact with fibre they from sclerenchyma

22. During the stage of vascularisation, what happens in plants?

  • The differentiation of procambium takes place, after that, the formation of phloem which is followed by primary xylem

  • differentiation of procambium takes place which is followed by the creation of primary phloem and xylem simultaneously

  • All three of these occur at the same time.

  • Differentiation of Procambium which is followed by the formation of secondary xylem.

For more anatomy MCQ question banks, make sure you check our website. Likewise, to know the explanation of these answers, check out our Antinomy section of Biology.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Weightage of Plant Anatomy in NEET?

Ans: Plant Anatomy – 3 questions – 12 marks – 6.00% weightage percentage. This might not look like a topic which can help you get lots of scores. But being one of the easy topics you can learn it quickly and any question which comes in the entrance will be like a Godsend to you for improving your marks. 

2. How Many Questions Do Come in NEET Exams?

Ans: The NEET exam has a total 180 questions, from these 180, 45 and 45 are given to Physics and Chemistry. The rest of the 90 questions come from Biology. Maximum marks that you could obtain in NEET is 720 marks. 

4 marks will be given to you for every right answer, and -1 will be deducted for every wrong answer. Thus, you need to be careful while providing answers—all these questions you need to solve in 3 hours of time.