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Cash Crops - NEET Important Topic

Last updated date: 17th May 2024
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An Introduction to Cash Crops

Agriculture is the study or practice of farming, which includes soil cultivation for crop growth and animal rearing for food, wool, and other goods. Crops grown to feed a country's population are known as food crops. Tobacco, sugar, and cotton are examples of cash crops that are grown in huge quantities in order to be sold for a profit. A crop that is farmed for the purpose of making a profit is known as a cash crop. Cash crops are farmed crops that are grown with the intention of selling them in the market or exporting them for benefit.

What are Cash Crops?

The crop provides cash in the market. These crops are most useful and are grown for nutrients in a country and the world. These crops are used in industries in high demand resulting in an increase in the rate of the crops. Cash crops have some useful nutrients and uses that are good for humankind and animals. The crop is described as large-scale cultivation of the same type of plant. Crops include cereal grains, legumes, oil seeds, vegetables, and fruits. Raw minerals and agricultural products are exported to other countries as goods. 

Cash crops help in the improvement of the economy of the country. Developing countries often use this method to increase their economies. The cash crops are exported to other countries. These crops are used in industries and have a vast range of benefits. If there is high demand for that crop, then it increases the price and affects the economy of the country that grows and exports it. Cash crops are not grown only for family and personal needs; they are grown in large quantities so that other countries can consume them. 

Cash crops have already been shipped all over the globe as agribusiness has grown more globalised. People in the United States are increasingly eating fruits produced as far afield as South America or even Asia. Distinct continents and ethnicities have different cash crops on which they concentrate their efforts.

Cash Crops Examples

Cash crops can be food and non-food. Grains, oilseeds, tea, chocolate, sugar cane, fruits, vegetables, peanuts, wool, and tobacco are examples of the type’s food and non-food commercial crops. Tobacco, coffee, rice, tea, wheat, cotton, indigo, soybeans, and maize are cash crops. All these crops are cultivated in large quantities and exported to other countries that have less yield. 

The wheat crop is used for food and is mostly exported. Soybeans are an oil-yielding crop and are used for the production of oil. Vegetable oil is used in various ways. Cotton has both values in the fabric and textile industries and for oil seeds. 

The cash crops are used to feed the dairy animals and other farmed livestock. Their increasing demand increases their value and money. The high-yielding crops are used as cash crops. Sugarcane and sugar beet are used for the production of sugar and are grown in large quantities. 

Cash Crops Images with Names

Cotton (Gossypium)

China is the world's greatest cotton producer, followed by India and the United States. Gujarat is India's leading producer of cotton. Cotton is a type of Kharif crop. Cotton is a short tree or a dense Malvaceae plant with balls carrying seeds with numerous long hairy fibres. These fibres are used in the textile industry.



Tea (Camellia Sinensis)

Tea is a plant that grows in a shady region. The growth of new leaves is aided by high humidity, heavy dew, and morning fog. Black tea, green tea, oolong tea, and brick tea are the four varieties of tea. India is the fourth largest exporter of tea after Kenya, China, and Sri Lanka. India produces the most tea and has the world's largest tea-growing region. India produces 28.3 % of the world's tea. In India, the tea-producing states are Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.

Tea plant

Tea Plant

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)

Sugarcane is a plant that originated in India. Sugarcane is a member of the grass family of the Poaceae family that is mostly grown for all of its juice, which is then used to make sugar. Bagasse is sugarcane fibre that has been crushed. It is used in the production of papers and fiberboards. As a commercial crop, it occupies a key place. Brazil is the world's top sugarcane grower, followed by India. In India's sugarcane-producing zones, Punjab, and Haryana are in the Northern Belt, whereas Maharashtra and Karnataka are in the Southern Belt.

Sugarcane Plants

Sugarcane Plants

Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)

Tobacco is a highly valuable cash crop for both local and global producers. Its applications go beyond smoking. Tobacco plants have a chemical called nicotine that is used in smoking. Cigarettes, bidis, kreteks, cigars, and pipe tobacco are all smoked products.

Bidis are cigarette-like goods made of tobacco and wrapped in a leaf and tied with a string that is imported from India.

Tobacco plants

Tobacco plants

Rice (Oryza sativa)

Rice is a major grain and cash crop that is grown in tropical and temperate climates around the planet. When compared to almost the same number of other dietary grains, rice can feed the population. Punjab and Haryana are the two most important producers in India. China is the world's top producer, followed by India.



Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum)

Potatoes are also cash crops because, in the deficiencies of cereals and grains, they are utilised to get nutrients. Potatoes, apart from vitamins A and D, contain practically all the critical nutrients. They are widely consumed because of their cheap prices and high production.




Cash crops are grown in large quantities and sold in the market to get cash. These are used to increase the economy of any country because money is important to raise the standard of any developing country. The above articles provide examples of cash crops that are mostly used in markets. The topic is helpful to understand the concept of cash crops.

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FAQs on Cash Crops - NEET Important Topic

1. Why are some crops included in cash crops?

Cash crops are now cultivated and marketed all over the universe. Such crops are frequently planted as a source of food for mankind or farm animals. Clothing is made from certain cash crops, such as cotton. Plenty of others, such as opium, coca, and marijuana crops, have been used to make pharmaceutical or pleasure medications. Depending on the environment, different cash crop varieties are cultivated in various parts of the world, and only a few locations yield no cash crops in any way. Cultivating something in regions like the Tundra is difficult, which restricts cash crop yields.

2. Why is jute known as golden fibres?

The jute is a cash crop grown in some areas to sell out. The jute fibres have a yellow colour and have a strong financial value, so they are known as golden fibres. Jute fibres are used in textile industries. The jute fibres are used to make some items like carrying bags, and ropes that are sold in the market. People have been using these items since ancient times and have a significant value. The items that are formed from jute fibres are natural and attracted most ancient people. 

3. What are Kharif and Rabi crops?

Depending on their growing seasons, crops are grouped into Kharif and rabi crops. Crops cultivated during the rainy season, from June to September, are known as Kharif crops. These are summertime crops. October and November are when they harvest. Since they grow during the rainy season, they are also known as monsoon crops. Rice, maize, jawar, bajra, cotton, sorghum, soybeans, and other crops are Kharif crops.

After the harvest of Kharif crops, the winter season is when Rabi crops, also known as winter crops, are grown. These crops were harvested in March and April after being harvested in October. Wheat, gramme, mustard, barley, and other crops are rabi crops.