NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 Exponents and Powers (EX 12.2) Exercise 12.2

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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 Exponents and Powers (EX 12.2) Exercise 12.2

Free PDF download of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 Exercise 12.2 (EX 12.2) and all chapter exercises at one place prepared by expert teacher as per NCERT (CBSE) books guidelines. Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 Exponents and Powers Exercise 12.2 Questions with Solutions to help you to revise complete Syllabus and Score More marks. Register and get all exercise solutions in your emails. Vedantu is a platform that provides free NCERT Solution and other study materials for students. Science Students who are looking for NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science will also find the Solutions curated by our Master Teachers really Helpful.

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Refer to pages 1 - 7 for exercise 12.2 in the PDF

EXERCISE 12.2

1. Express the following numbers in standard form.

(i) \[0.0000000000085\]

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number. 

As we move the decimal from left to right, then the power of 10 increases with a negative sign.

Therefore,

\[0.0000000000085\] can be written as,

\[{\text{0}}{\text{.0000000000085}} = 8.5 \times {10^{ - 12}}\]

(ii) \[0.00000000000942\]

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number. 

As we move the decimal from left to right, then the power of 10 increases with a negative sign.

Therefore,

\[0.00000000000942\] can be written as,

\[0.00000000000942 = 9.42 \times {10^{ - 12}}\]

(iii) \[6020000000000000\]

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number.  

As we move the decimal from right to left, then the power of 10 increases with a positive sign.

Therefore,

\[6020000000000000\] can be written as,

\[{\text{6020000000000000}} = 6.02 \times {10^{15}}\]


(iv) \[0.00000000837\]

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number.

As we move the decimal from left to right, then the power of 10 increases with a negative sign.

Therefore,

\[0.00000000837\] can be written as,

\[0.00000000837 = 8.37 \times {10^{ - 9}}\]

(v) \[31860000000\]

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number.

As we move the decimal from right to left, then the power of 10 increases with a positive sign.

Therefore,

\[31860000000\] can be written as,

\[31860000000 = 3.186 \times {10^{10}}\]

2. Express the following numbers in usual form.

(i) \[{\text{3}}{\text{.02}} \times {\text{1}}{{\text{0}}^{ - 6}}\]

Ans: A number is in the usual form, if it is not written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number and is simplified and written without the help of ${10^b}$.

In expanded form this can be written as,

\[{\text{3}}{\text{.02}} \times {\text{1}}{{\text{0}}^{ - 6}} = 0.00000302\]

(ii) \[4.5 \times {10^4}\]

Ans: A number is in the usual form, if it is not written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number and is simplified and written without the help of ${10^b}$.

In expanded form this can be written as,

\[4.5 \times {10^4} = 45000\]

(iii) \[3 \times {10^{ - 8}}\]

Ans: A number is in the usual form, if it is not written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number and is simplified and written without the help of ${10^b}$.

In expanded form this can be written as,

\[3 \times {10^{ - 8}} = 0.00000003\]

(iv) \[1.0001 \times {10^9}\]

Ans: A number is in the usual form, if it is not written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number and is simplified and written without the help of ${10^b}$.

In expanded form this can be written as,

\[1.0001 \times {10^9} = 1000100000\]

(v) \[5.8 \times {10^{12}}\]

Ans: A number is in the usual form, if it is not written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number and is simplified and written without the help of ${10^b}$.

In expanded form this can be written as,

\[5.8 \times {10^{12}} = 5800000000000\]

(vi) \[3.61492 \times {10^6}\]

Ans: A number is in the usual form, if it is not written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number and is simplified and written without the help of ${10^b}$.

In expanded form this can be written as,

\[3.61492 \times {10^6} = 3614920\]

3. Express the number appearing in the following statements in standard form.

(i) 1 micron is equal to \[\dfrac{1}{{1000000}}m\].

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number. 

\[\dfrac{1}{{1000000}}m = 0.000001m\]

As we move the decimal from left to right then the power of 10 increases with a negative sign.

Therefore,

\[0.000001m\] can be written as,

\[0.000001m = 1 \times {10^{ - 6}}\].

(ii) Charge of an electron is \[0.000,000,000,000,000,000,16{\text{ }}coulomb\].

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number. 

Charge on an electron is \[0.000,000,000,000,000,000,16{\text{ }}coulomb\] .

As we move the decimal from left to right then the power of 10 increases with a negative sign.

Therefore,

Charge on electron can be written as,

\[0.000,000,000,000,000,000,16{\text{ }}coulomb = 1.6 \times {10^{ - 19}}coulombs\].

(iii) Size of a bacteria is \[0.0000005m\].

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number. 

Size of a bacteria is \[0.0000005m\].

As we move the decimal from left to right then the power of 10 increases with a negative sign.

Therefore,

Size of a bacteria can be written as,

\[0.0000005m = 5 \times {10^{ - 7}}m\].

(iv) Size of a plant cell is \[0.00001275m\].

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number. 

Size of a plant cell is \[0.00001275m\].

As we move the decimal from left to right then the power of 10 increases with a negative sign.

Therefore,

Size of a plant cell can be written as,

\[0.00001275m = 1.275 \times {10^{ - 5}}\].

(v) Thickness of a thick paper is \[0.07mm\].

Ans: A number is in the standard form, if it is written in the form $a \times {10^b}$ where $a$ is any natural or decimal number and $b$ is any whole number. 

Thickness of a thick paper is \[0.07mm\].

As we move the decimal from left to right then the power of 10 increases with a negative sign.

Therefore,

Thickness of a thick paper can be written as,

\[0.07mm = 7 \times {10^{ - 2}}\] .

4. In a stack there are 5 books each of thickness \[20mm\]  and 5 paper sheets each of thickness \[0.016mm\]. What is the total thickness of the stack?

Ans: There are a total of 5 books.

Thickness of each book is \[20mm\].

Therefore, total thickness of book can be calculated as,

\[ {\text{Total thickness of 5 books}}=5 \times 20mm \] 

\[ {\text{Total thickness of 5 books}}= 100mm \]

There are a total of 5 paper sheets.

Thickness of each paper sheet is \[0.016mm\].

Therefore, total thickness of paper sheets can be calculated as,

Total thickness of 5 paper sheets \[ = 5 \times 0.016mm\]

\[ = 0.08mm\]

So, the total thickness of stack

= Thickness of 5 books  +  Thickness of 5 paper sheets

Thickness of 5 books  +  Thickness of 5 paper sheets = (100 + 0.08)mm

= 100.08mm

= 1.0008 × 102mm

Thus, the total thickness of the stack is 1.0008 × 102mm.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 Exponents and Powers Exercise 12.2

Opting for the NCERT solutions for Ex 12.2 Class 8 Maths is considered as the best option for the CBSE students when it comes to exam preparation. This chapter consists of many exercises. Out of which we have provided the Exercise 12.2 Class 8 Maths NCERT solutions on this page in PDF format. You can download this solution as per your convenience or you can study it directly from our website/ app online.

Vedantu in-house subject matter experts have solved the problems/ questions from the exercise with the utmost care and by following all the guidelines by CBSE. Class 8 students who are thorough with all the concepts from the Maths textbook and quite well-versed with all the problems from the exercises given in it, then any student can easily score the highest possible marks in the final exam. With the help of this Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 Exercise 12.2 solutions, students can easily understand the pattern of questions that can be asked in the exam from this chapter and also learn the marks weightage of the chapter. So that they can prepare themselves accordingly for the final exam.

Besides these NCERT solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 Exercise 12.2, there are plenty of exercises in this chapter which contain innumerable questions as well. All these questions are solved/answered by our in-house subject experts as mentioned earlier. Hence all of these are bound to be of superior quality and anyone can refer to these during the time of exam preparation. In order to score the best possible marks in the class, it is really important to understand all the concepts of the textbooks and solve the problems from the exercises given next to it.

Do not delay any more. Download the NCERT solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 Exercise 12.2 from Vedantu website now for better exam preparation. If you have the Vedantu app in your phone, you can download the same through the app as well. The best part of these solutions is these can be accessed both online and offline as well.

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