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# NCERT Solutions for Data Handling Class 8 Maths Chapter 4

Last updated date: 11th Sep 2024
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## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 Data Handling - FREE PDF Download

NCERT for Data Handling Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 Solutions by Vedantu, is a crucial chapter helping students understand how to deal with data in various forms. This chapter teaches students how to collect data, organize it into different types like tally marks or tables, and then represent it graphically using bar graphs, pie charts, and histograms. Vedantu's NCERT Solutions for Chapter 4 Data Handling Class 8 PDF offer clear explanations and step-by-step guidance to help students tackle the problems effectively.

Table of Content
1. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 Data Handling - FREE PDF Download
2. Glance on Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 - Data Handling
3. Formulas Used in Class 8 Chapter 4  Exercises
4. Access Exercise wise NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4
5. Exercises Under NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 Data Handling
6. Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 – Data Handling
6.1Exercise: 4.1
6.2Exercise: 4.2
7. Important Points
8. Summary
9. Overview of Deleted Syllabus for CBSE Class 8 Maths Data Handling
10. Class 8 Maths Chapter 4: Exercises Breakdown
11. Other Study Material for CBSE Class 8 Maths Chapter 4
12. Chapter-Specific NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths
FAQs

NCERT solutions for Class 8 Maths are designed to make learning easy and enjoyable, providing a solid foundation in data handling concepts. Through these solutions, students can learn how to interpret graphs, calculate measures of central tendency like mean, median, and mode, and draw conclusions from the data presented. By practising with these solutions, students can build confidence in their understanding and excel in their studies.

## Glance on Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 - Data Handling

• NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 Data Handling includes representation of data, Chance and probability.

• Data is a collection of information that can be pictorially represented using pie charts and bar graphs.

• There are two types of Data, Collection of information from the direct source called raw data and Collection of information from secondary sources called Secondary data

• The difference between the highest and the lowest data values is called the range of the data.

• Probability is simply how likely something is to happen.

• An experiment is an action that results in some good outcomes. There are some experiments whose outcomes have equal opportunity of occurring, and so they are equally likely outcomes.

• Data Handling Class 8 Solutions article contains chapter notes, important questions, exemplar solutions, exercises and video links for Chapter 4 - Data Handling, which you can download as PDFs.

• There are two exercises (11 fully solved questions) in class 8th Maths Chapter 4 Data Handling.

## Formulas Used in Class 8 Chapter 4  Exercises

• angle of sector = $\left ( \frac{Value of item}{sum of all items} \right ) \times 360\ degree$

• Probability of an Event = $\left ( \frac{Number of favorable outcomes}{Total number of outcomes of the experiment} \right )$

## Access Exercise wise NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4

 Current Syllabus Exercises of Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 NCERT Solutions of Class 8 Maths Data Handling Exercise 4.1 NCERT Solutions of Class 8 Maths Data Handling Exercise 4.2

## Exercises Under NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 Data Handling

• Exercise 4.1: This exercise consists of 5 fully solved questions. This exercise deals with collection of data and how to represent the given information in pictorial form through pie charts, bar graphs and histograms.

• Exercise 4.2: This Exercise consists of 6 fully solved questions. This exercise deals with Probability, and chance of getting a desired result.

## Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 – Data Handling

### Exercise: 4.1

1. A survey was made to find the type of music that a certain group of young people liked in a city.

Adjoining pie chart shows the findings of this survey.

From this pie chart, Ans the following:

(i) If $\text{20}$ people liked classical music, how many young people were surveyed?

(ii) Which type of music is liked by the maximum number of people?

(iii) If a cassette company were to make $\text{1000}$ CD’s, how many of each type would they make?

Ans :

(i) Here $\text{10 }\!\!%\!\!\text{ }$ represents $\text{100}$ people.

Therefore $20%$ represents = $\dfrac{100\times 20}{10}=200$ people.

Hence, $200$ people were surveyed.

(ii) $40%$ of people likes light music. So, light music is liked by the maximum number of people.

(iii) Total no. of CD’s to be made by cassette company= $1000$

Number of CD’s of classical music = $\dfrac{10\times 1000}{100}=100$

Number of CD’s of semi-classical music = $\dfrac{20\times 1000}{100}=200$

Number of CD’s of light music = $\dfrac{40\times 1000}{100}=400$

Number of CD’s of folk music = $\dfrac{30\times 1000}{100}=300$

2. A group of $\text{360}$people were asked to vote for their favourite season from the three seasons rainy, winter and summer.

(i) Which season got the most votes?

(ii) Find the central angle of each sector.

(iii) Draw a pie chart to show this information.

Ans:

(i) Winter season got the greatest number of votes i.e., $150$.

(ii) Central angle of summer season = $\dfrac{90{}^\circ \times 360{}^\circ }{360{}^\circ }=90{}^\circ$

Central angle of rainy season = $\dfrac{120{}^\circ \times 360{}^\circ }{360{}^\circ }=120{}^\circ$

Central angle of winter season = $\dfrac{150{}^\circ \times 360{}^\circ }{360{}^\circ }=150{}^\circ$

(iii) Pie chart to show the above information:

3. Draw a pie chart showing the following information. The table shows the colours preferred by a group of people.

 Colours No. of People Blue 18 Green 9 Red 6 Yellow 3 Total 36

Ans: Here, central angle = $360{}^\circ$ and total number of people = $36$

 Colours No. of people In fraction Central angles Blue 18 $\dfrac{18}{36}=\dfrac{1}{2}$ $\dfrac{1}{2}\times 360^o = 180^o$ Green 9 $\dfrac{9}{36}=\dfrac{1}{4}$ $\dfrac{1}{4}\times 360^o = 90^o$ Red 6 $\dfrac{6}{36}=\dfrac{1}{6}$ $\dfrac{1}{6}\times 360^o = 60^o$ Yellow 3 $\dfrac{3}{36}=\dfrac{1}{12}$ $\dfrac{1}{12}\times 360^o = 30^o$

Pie chart showing above information:

4. The adjoining pie chart gives the marks scored in an examination by a student in Hindi, English, Mathematics, Social Science and Science. If the total marks obtained by the students were $\text{540}$, Ans the following questions:

(i) In which subject did the student score $\text{105}$ marks?

(Hint: for $\text{540}$ marks, the central angle = $\text{360 }\!\!{}^\circ\!\!\text{ }$ . So, for $\text{105}$ marks, what is the central angle?)

(ii) How many more marks were obtained by the student in Mathematics than in Hindi?

(iii) Examine whether the sum of the marks obtained in Social Science and Mathematics is more than that in Science and Hindi.                        (Hint: Just study the central angles)

Ans:

 Subject Central Angle Marks Obtained Mathematics $\text{90 }\!\!{}^\circ\!\!\text{ }$ $\dfrac{90{}^\circ }{360{}^\circ }\times 540=135$ Social Science $\text{65 }\!\!{}^\circ\!\!\text{ }$ $\dfrac{65{}^\circ }{360{}^\circ }\times 540=97.5$ Science $\text{80 }\!\!{}^\circ\!\!\text{ }$ $\dfrac{80{}^\circ }{360{}^\circ }\times 540=120$ Hindi $\text{70 }\!\!{}^\circ\!\!\text{ }$ $\dfrac{70{}^\circ }{360{}^\circ }\times 540=105$ English $\text{55 }\!\!{}^\circ\!\!\text{ }$ $\dfrac{55{}^\circ }{360{}^\circ }\times 540=82.5$

i. The subject in which the student scored $105$ marks in Hindi.

ii. Marks obtained in Mathematics = $135$

Marks obtained in Hindi = $105$

Difference = $135-105=30$

Thus, $30$ more marks were obtained by the student in Mathematics than in Hindi.

iii. The sum of marks obtained in Social Science and Mathematics =$97.5+135=232.5$

iv. The sum of marks obtained in Science and Hindi = $120+105=225$

Yes, the sum of the marks in Social Science and Mathematics is more than the marks in Science and Hindi.

5. The number of students in a hostel, speaking different languages is given below. Display the data in a pie chart.

 Language Hindi English Marathi Tamil Bengali Total No. of Students 40 12 9 7 4 72

Ans:

 Colours No. of people In fraction Central angles Hindi $40$ $\dfrac{40}{72}=\dfrac{5}{9}$ $\dfrac{5}{9}\times 360{}^\circ =200{}^\circ$ English $12$ $\dfrac{12}{72}=\dfrac{1}{6}$ $\dfrac{1}{6}\times 360{}^\circ =60{}^\circ$ Marathi $9$ $\dfrac{9}{72}=\dfrac{1}{8}$ $\dfrac{1}{8}\times 360{}^\circ =45{}^\circ$ Tamil $7$ $\dfrac{7}{72}=\dfrac{7}{72}$ $\dfrac{7}{72}\times 360{}^\circ =35{}^\circ$ Bengali $4$ $\dfrac{4}{72}=\dfrac{1}{18}$ $\dfrac{1}{18}\times 360{}^\circ =20{}^\circ$ Total $72$

Pie chart for the above given data is as follows:

### Exercise: 4.2

1. List the outcomes you can see in these experiments.

a) Spinning a wheel

b) Tossing two coins together

Ans:

a) There are four letters A, B, C and D in a spinning wheel. So, by spinning the wheel we will get total 4 outcomes.

b) When two coins are tossed together. There will be four possible outcomes: HH, HT, TH, TT.

(H means head and T means tail. HT means head on first coin and tail on second coin and so on.)

2. When a die is thrown, list the outcomes of an event of getting:

1. (a) a prime number (b) not a prime number

2. (a) a number greater than $\text{5}$ (b) a number not greater than $\text{5}$

Ans:

(i) (a) Number of prime number between $1-6$ are $2,\text{ }3$and $5$. Outcomes of an event of getting a prime number are $2,\text{ }3$and $5$.

(b)Number of not prime number between $1-6$ are $1,\text{ 4}$and $6$. Outcomes of an event of not getting a prime number are $1,\text{ 4}$and $6$.

(ii) (a) Outcomes of an event of getting a number greater than $5$ is $6$.

(b) Outcomes of an event of not getting a number greater than $5$ are $1,\text{ 2, 3, 4}$and $5$.

3. Find the:

a. Probability of the pointer stopping on D in (Question 1 (a)).

b. Probability of getting an ace from a well shuffled deck of $\text{52}$ playing cards.

c. Probability of getting a red apple. (See figure alongside)

Ans:

a. In a spinning wheel, there are five pointers A, A, B, C and D i.e., $5$outcomes. Pointer stopping at D which is $1$ outcome.

So, the probability of the pointer stopping on D = $\dfrac{1}{5}$

b. In a deck of $\text{52}$ playing cards, there are $4$ aces. So, there are $4$ events of getting an ace.

So, probability of getting an ace = $\dfrac{4}{52}=\dfrac{1}{13}$

c. Total number of apples = $7$

Number of red apples among all = $4$

Probability of getting a red apple = $\dfrac{4}{7}$

4. Numbers $\text{1}$ to $\text{10}$are written on ten separate slips (one number on one slip), kept in a box and mixed well. One slip is chosen from the box without looking into it. What is the probability of:

i. getting a number $\text{6}$.

ii. getting a number less than $\text{6}$.

iii. getting a number greater than $\text{6}$.

iv. getting a $\text{1}$-digit number.

Ans:

i. Outcome of getting $6$ from ten separate slips is $1$. Therefore, probability of getting a number $6$ is $1$.

ii. Numbers less than $6$ are $1,\text{ 2, 3, 4}$ and $5$ which are five. So, total outcomes are $5$. Therefore, the probability of getting a number less than $6$ is $\dfrac{5}{10}=\dfrac{1}{2}$.

iii. Numbers greater than $6$ out of ten that are $7,\text{ 8, 9, 10}$.  So, there are $4$possible outcomes. Therefore, the probability of getting a number greater than $6$ is $\dfrac{4}{10}=\dfrac{2}{5}$.

iv. One-digit numbers from $1-10$ are $1,2,3,4,5,6,7,\text{ 8, 9, 10}$. Therefore, the probability of getting a one-digit number is $\dfrac{9}{10}$.

5. If you have a spinning wheel with $\text{3}$ green sectors, $\text{1}$ blue sector and $\text{1}$ red sector, what is the probability of getting a green sector? What is the probability of getting a none-blue sector?

Ans:  There are total five sectors ($3+1+1$). $3$ sectors are green out of five sectors.

The probability of getting a green sector is $\dfrac{3}{5}$.

There is only $1$ blue sector out of five sectors. Non-blue sectors will be $5-1=4$ sectors.

The probability of getting a non-blue sector = $\dfrac{4}{5}$

6. Find the probability of the events given in Question $\text{2}$.

Ans: When a die is thrown, there are total six outcomes, i.e., $1,2,3,4,5$ and $6$.

(i) (a) $2,3,5$ are prime numbers. So, there are $3$ outcomes out of $6$.

Therefore, probability of getting a prime number = $\dfrac{3}{6}=\dfrac{1}{2}$

(b) $1,4,6$ are non-prime numbers. So, there are 3 outcomes out of 6.

Therefore, probability of getting a non-prime number = $\dfrac{3}{6}=\dfrac{1}{2}$

(ii) (a) Only $6$ is greater than $5$. So, there is only one outcome out of $6$.

Therefore, probability of getting a number greater than 5 = $\dfrac{1}{6}$

(b) Numbers not greater than 5 are $1,2,3,4$ and $5$. So there are $5$ outcomes out of $6$.

Therefore, probability of not getting a number greater than 5 = $\dfrac{1}{6}$

## Important Points

• Data is the collection of information.

• Data can be pictorially represented by using the symbol.

• Information can be displayed and compared using bar graph or pie chart.

• Double bar graphs can be used to represent two data at the same time.

• The data which are unorganized is said to be raw data.

• Before converting it into a graph or chart, it is necessary to convert it into organized data.

• To minimize the data, can group similar data and keep them in a particular set.

## Summary

• Numerical Observations that are available to us as unorganized form is called raw data.

• We need to organize the data collected systematically in order to draw meaningful inferences.

• Each numerical value in data is known as observation.

• Class is a group of variables. The difference between the lower limit and the upper limit of a class is called class size or class width.

• Class mark is a specific point in the middle of the class interval. The lower limit is included in a class interval but upper limit is excluded.

• A collection of observations collected from the direct source is called raw data or primary data.

• A collection of observations collected from secondary sources like newspaper, T.V, magazines or the Internet, is called secondary data.

• The difference between the highest and the lowest data values is called the range of the data.

• A systematic way of arranging the data in the form of a table is called tabulation of data.

• The mean or the arithmetic mean is the representation of some given observations in a collection of data. The average of the arithmetic mean (A.M) is given by: Mean   =   (Sum of all observations/Total number of observations)

• The Frequency of the data is the number of times a data value occurs in the set.

• The method of representing the data that exhibits the values of the variable and corresponding frequencies,  is called the frequency distribution.

• Average is a number that represents or expresses the central tendency of a group of observations or data. It is basically the midpoint in a set of data and then dividing the sum of values by their number.

• The arithmetic mean is the representation of observations of data.

Arithmetic Mean  = (Sum of all observations/Total number of observations)

• The mode is the value of the variable in a set of observations, which occurs most frequently. This is the highest occurring data. This representation of the data is called the mode of the data

• In a given data arranged in ascending or descending order of magnitude, the value of the middlemost term is called the median of the data. The median gives us the mid-point of an observation in a given data, which is arranged in ascending or descending order.

Note: In a given data, the values are arranged in ascending or descending order.

i.  the observations are divided equally in the median.

ii. If the collected data  has an odd number of items, the median is the middle    number.

iii. If the data has an even number of items, the median is the mean of two middle numbers.

• A bar graph is a pictorial representation of numbers using bars of uniform width.

• Grouped data can be presented using histogram. Histogram is a kind of bar graph, where the class intervals are shown on horizontal axis and heights of the bars show the frequency of the class interval. In histogram, there is no gap between the class intervals.

• The collected data can also be presented using a circle graph or pie chart. To demonstrate the relationship between a whole and its parts, we use pie charts.

• In a pie chart, the circle is divided into sectors and the angle of sector = (Value of item/sum of values of all items)x 360°

• If you have to find the percentage value of a component in the pie chart then the formula is

((Value of item/sum of values of all items)x 360°) x 100

• An experiment is an action that results in some good outcomes. There are some experiments whose outcomes have equal opportunity of occurring and so they are equally likely outcomes.

• Favourable outcomes are the outcomes that ensure the occurrences of an event.

• What happens, which may or may not happen is called chance. For example, when we throw a coin each time the outcome of every throw can be either a head or tail. It is a matter of chance that in one particular throw we get either of these.

• The measure of the chance is the probability of an event.

Probability of an Event = (Number of favourable outcomes/Total number of outcomes of the experiment),

where we suppose that all outcomes are alike.

• The probability of events P(E) that may occur can lie between 0 and 1. I.e., 0 ≤ P(E) ≤ 1.

• An event which is sure to happen is called a sure event. Therefore, P (sure event) = 1.

• An event that never happens is called an impossible event. Therefore, P(impossible event) = 0.

## Overview of Deleted Syllabus for CBSE Class 8 Maths Data Handling

 Chapter Dropped Topics Data Handling 4.2 Organising Data 4.3 Grouping Data 4.3.1 Bars with a difference

## Class 8 Maths Chapter 4: Exercises Breakdown

 Exercise Number of Questions Exercise 4.1 5 Questions and Solutions Exercise 4.2 6 Questions and Solutions

## Conclusion

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Data Handling involves organizing, interpreting, and analyzing data using various graphical representations like bar graphs, pie charts  and histograms. It's crucial to focus on understanding the different types of data and choosing the appropriate graph to represent it accurately. Important aspects include learning to read and interpret graphs, calculating measures of central tendency (like mean, median, and mode), and understanding how to draw conclusions from data.In previous year question papers, there were typically around 3-4  questions related to data handling. These questions may involve interpreting given data, constructing graphs, calculating measures of central tendency, or solving word problems based on the data provided.

## Chapter-Specific NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths

Given below are the chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths. Go through these chapter-wise solutions to be thoroughly familiar with the concepts.

## FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Data Handling Class 8 Maths Chapter 4

1. What is a histogram?

Histogram is a kind of bar graph, where the class intervals are shown on horizontal axis and heights of the bars show the frequency of the class interval. There are no gaps between the bars in histogram.

2. What are the topics covered in Chapter 4 for Class 8, Data Handling?

The topics that are covered in chapter 4 Data handling are: arranging of data into groups, representation of grouped data through histograms, simple pie charts. This chapter also covers the consolidation and generalization of the chance in events like tossing a coin, dice, etc. relating it to chance in real life events. Random experiments and equally like events linking chances to probability are also covered in the chapter.

3. Why is Vedantu academic excellence?

Vedantu is one of leading online education platforms in the country. The teachers in Vedantu have many years of experience in teaching students. They have prepared NCERT solutions and guides for maths for class 8 after a much extensive research and as per the strict guidelines of CBSE Board. Everything covered in the study guide as per the NCERT syllabus will help students to answer any question in unit tests, half-yearly exams and final exams. Experts and teachers have prepared the solutions in a very simple format so that students can easily understand. Experts have also included reference notes so that students can enhance their general knowledge.

4. Can the pdf version of the NCERT solutions in any device?

5. What is data in Maths according to Chapter 4 of Class 8 Maths?

The observations in numerical form, which are accessible to us in an unorganised form is known as raw data. For drawing any meaningful inference from this raw data, it needs to be organized systematically after collecting it. When the observations are collected from any direct source it is known as raw or primary data and when these observations are collected from sources, which are secondary like magazines, newspapers,  T.V radio etc, they are known as secondary data. The NCERT Solutions of Chapter 4 of Class 8 Maths has well-written examples that demonstrate data handling concepts. Students will find the themes easy to understand and relate to with the use of appropriate charts and pictures. The NCERT solutions are recommended for reference by the CBSE board, which emphasises their value. These solutions are available at Vedantu’s official site (vedantu.com) and can be downloaded free of cost.

6. What are the types of data handling according to Chapter 4 of Class 8 Maths?

Data handling is the process of collection and representation of data in a manner, which is convenient to interpret by others. To effectively present the collected data in east interpretable form there are many methods;

• Pictograph

• Line Graph

• Bar Graph

• Cumulative Tables and Graphs

• Histograms

• Stem and Leaf Plot

• Distribution of frequency

• Dot plots

The most common and widely used method of data handling is the bar graph method as it is the most straightforward, easily interpretable and convenient method.

7. What is data handling as discussed in Chapter 4 of Class 8 Maths?

The process of collecting, storing and representing data in a manner that is very straightforward, convenient to interpret and easy to draw inference from is known as data handling. It helps that a large amount of information gathered from any project can be presented in a manner so that other people can understand with ease in less time. For example, a circular chart of types of species of insects according to their population, a bar graph of a student's marks scored, etc.

8. How data handling will help students in day to day life according to Chapter 4 of Class 8 Maths?

Any circumstance or problem that we need to investigate necessitates the gathering of data, which must then be displayed in such a way that it gives a clear grasp of the problem's details while also analysing whether solutions are possible. The data can be depicted pictorially through a range of various kinds of graphs, such as a pictograph, bar graph, and double bar graph, according to the NCERT solutions for Chapter 4 of Class 8 Maths. When we collect data, it's frequently unstructured or unorganised and makes little sense. To create usable inferences, we need to organise the data in a methodical way. NCERT's solutions Chapter 4 of Class 8 Math begins with an explanation of the concept "frequency," which refers to the number of times a data item appears. A frequency distribution table will be taught to the students.

9. What are the important topics covered and how many questions are there in Chapter 4 Class 8 Maths?

With the use of pertinent frequency distribution tables, bar graphs, double bar graphs, histograms, and pie charts, NCERT Solutions Chapter 4 of Class 8 Maths delves deep into the notion of data processing. In addition, the idea of probability was covered in the chapter's final part. There are 16 problems in NCERT Solutions Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 Data Handling, 10 of which are short-form and 6 of which are long-form. Students will be needed to create relevant charts and graphs in order to comprehend the given data.