Line Plot

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What is Plot?

The plot meaning is “a graphical representation of a data set, typically in the form of a graph showing the relationship between two or more variables”.


What is Line Diagram?

A line diagram, also known as a line plot, is a type of graph that shows data as a series of data points connected by straight line segments. It's a basic plot that can be used in a variety of fields. The line plot is similar to a scatter map except the measurement points are joined with straight line segments. Since a line plot graph is often used to visualise a pattern in data overtime periods or a time series, the line is often drawn chronologically.


Why do we need a Line Plot?

Tables are a fantastic way to show exact values, but they're not always the best way to grasp the underlying patterns that those values represent. Because of these characteristics, the table view is often mistakenly confused with the data itself, despite the fact that it is just another visualisation of the data. Producing a graph or line plot will help us to understand the process represented by the data in the table.


Types of Line Plots

There are three main types of line plots that we commonly use, namely,

  • Simple Line Graph

A simple line graph is a graph that is plotted by using only a single line. One of these variables is almost always independent, while the other is a dependent variable.

Ex:  The line plot here is a single line plot that represents the data of students height.

  • Multiple Line Graph

A multiple line graph is a line graph with two or more lines plotted on it. It's used to display the changes in two or more variables over the same time span. The independent variable is normally plotted on the horizontal axis, while the two or more dependent variables are plotted on the vertical.

Ex: Here the multiple line plots gives the data of a number of Class 9 and Class 10 students choosing different subjects.

  • Compound Line Graph

When information can be separated into various categories, this sort of chart is used. It's an evolution of the basic line graph, which depicts the overall data proportion as well as the various layers that make up the data. We must first create several line graphs, then shade each portion to denote the component of each data from the total while creating a compound line map. The bottom lines each represent a portion of the total, while the top line represents the total. The distance between any two consecutive lines on a compound line graph represents the size of each element, with the bottom line bounded by the origin.

Ex: Here the Compound Line graph gives the data of a number of Class 8, Class 9, and Class 10 students choosing different subjects.


What is the Number Line Plot?

A number line plot is a graph that shows the frequency with which a particular number appears in a collection of data. The number line plot is also known as a dot plot. The graph can be used to calculate the mean, median, mode and range.

A number line plot is a simple visual representation of data patterns. By comparing the height of the columns, one can quickly evaluate the data's mode and the least frequently occurring number. The number line plot becomes a bar graph when a box is drawn around the Xs or dots in each column.


What is Plot Number?

A horizontal line, also known as the x-axis, with equal intervals labelled with values makes up a number line plot. Xs or dots can be used to describe the frequency in which a number, or a set of numbers, occurs. Stacks of such Xs or dots that are used to represent data on the axis is known as plot number. Students must be able to grasp the line plot graph intent without a title and mark on the x-axis.


Limitations of Number Line Plot

  • The number line plot cannot be used if the data set is more than 50 values.

  • With more values on the graph, identifying patterns with a number line plot becomes more complicated.

  • Another thing to keep in mind is that the number line plot can only be used when the values are within a fair range.

Till now, we have understood What is Plot, number plot meaning, Plot Number and limitations of Number Line Plot. So, to understand more clearly about Line Diagrams and Number Line Plot let us solve some problems.


Problems on Line Plots

1. Plot the given data set using a Line plot.


Class

Number of Students

1

40

2

45

3

35

4

38

5

64

6

55

7

70

8

75

9

60

10

72


Ans: Here we have given a number of students from class 1-10. So, the line plot to represent this data set is given below.



Here the x-axis represents Class 1-10 and the y-axis represents the number of students.


2. Here we have given the data set representing the number of students studying Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, and Social studies. Draw a line plot to represent this data.


Subject

Number of Students

Physics

70

Chemistry

55

Mathematics

120

Biology

80

Social Studies

65


Ans: The line plot representing the number of students choosing different subjects Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology and Social studies is given below.



Here the x-axis represents subjects chosen by students and the y-axis represents the number of students.


Conclusion

  • We have a lot of advantages of using line plots such as works well for displaying patterns in chronological order with continuous periodical data, clearly showing relationships data, changes in data can be seen at a glance.

  • There are few disadvantages of line plots too such as too many lines plotted through the graph make it cluttered and difficult to read, it's difficult to plot a large variety of data on a line graph, they are only useful for describing data that consists of total numbers.

  • So, we have to choose carefully when to use line plots to represent the data.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is a Line Plot?

Ans: A line plot is a graph that displays the frequency of data along a number line. It can be applied to data with a single given value.

2. What are the Advantages of a Line Plot?

Ans: The advantages of line plots are:

  • Displays the data in chronological order with continuous periodical representation.

  • Any changes in data can be seen at a glance.

  • Clearly shows the relationship between different data points.

3. What are the Types of Line Plots?

Ans: There are three types of line plots:

  • Simple Line plot.

  • Multiple Line plot.

  • Compound Line plot.