Geometric Shapes

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Introduction to Geometric Shapes With Examples

Geometric shapes are practically all around. No matter where you look or go, you will find almost everything made up of geometry. For example, the wall decals in your home are square, pentagon or rectangular. Similarly, a truss bridge is structured majorly squares, rectangles, and triangles. Also if you have noticed, your favorite snowman is composed of circles, with a cone-shaped carrot nose. These shapes, both 2D and 3D, are quite important with respect to Math learning too. With various examples of geometric shapes, we are also able to understand their usability, function and how to better implement them for our use.


List of Geometric Shapes

Here is a list of all geometric shapes that you will encounter. You must know that there are 2 dimensional shape areas followed by 3 dimensional shape areas. Different types of geometrical shapes have different shapes, sizes and properties as well. Understanding Maths geometrical figures will help you to recognize different 2d & 3d shapes and know the distinctive properties of different 2d & 3d shapes as well the interior angles of regular polygons.


Geometric Shapes Definition With Examples

Here is a list of types of geometric shapes that you will frequently encounter in daily life. You will also find geometric shapes names that you might not be familiar with. Check below for different geometric shapes, along with an explanation, images and examples of where you can find them in everyday life.

  1. Square

Square is the most common geometric figure that can be easily spotted in different spheres of everyday life. This geometric shape has 4 equal straight sides and 4 right angles. For e.g., floor tile, room type, chessboard, wall clock, waffles etc.

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  1. Triangle

A figure with three-straight-sides. Triangle are of different types with different measures of sides and angles. For e.g., truss bridge, pyramids, sandwich, nachos cut diagonally.

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  1. Rectangle

A rectangle has four straight sides and four right angles with opposites of different length and width. For e.g., deck of cards, hopscotch board, scale etc. 

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  1. Circle

A geometric figure which is completely round in shape and has the same radius from a definite point in the center is known as a circle. For e.g., cake, cookie, wheels of a bike.

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  1. Semicircle

A circle which is cut in exactly half along its diameter is what we call a semicircle. For e.g., half a pizza pie, half a cardboard, diameter of compass set, diyas etc.

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  1. Oval

A vertically extended form of circle in which the radius is shorter on one axis than the other. For e.g., oval mirror, eggs, hot dog buns etc.

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  1. Cylinder

A 3 dimensional figure having parallel sides and a circular cross-section. For e.g., pipe, test tube, cold drink cans, drinking glass etc.

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  1. Parallelogram

A Four-sided polygon that has two pairs of parallel sides opposite to each other. For e.g., laptop, building blocks, women’s clutch purses etc.

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  1. Rhombus

A kind of parallelogram that consists of equal sides of length. For e.g., kites, crystals of some sort and baseball diamonds.

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  1. Pentagon

Basic geometric shape with five straight sides, essentially of equal length. For e.g., sections of soccer ball design, school crossing signs and honey comb etc.

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  1. Hexagon

Type of geometric shape having six straight sides, essentially of equal length. For e.g., snowflakes, ice crystals, turtle shell etc.

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  1. Heptagon

Heptagon is what we see of a figure with seven straight sides, essentially having equal length. For e.g., serving plate, antique coin, covers for a cookie bin etc.

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  1. Trapezoid

A Four-sided geometric figure that has only one pair of parallel sides. For e.g. a pyramid with a cut off top, a popcorn can.

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  1. Crescent

A curved sickle shape which is tapered to a point. For e.g., moon during certain periods, curved shape on the national flags of countries like Turkey and Pakistan.

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  1. Prism

A 3 dimensional figure where one pair of opposite sides of similar shape, linked by straight, parallel lines/sides. For e.g., skyscraper buildings, birthday presents, aquariums and notebooks etc.

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  1. Pyramid

A 3-dimensional geometric figure with one flat side and edges appearing to all meet together at a point. For e.g., toblerone chocolate, the Great Pyramid of Giza etc.

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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Meant by the Polygons and Polyhedrons?

Answer: "Geometric figures" is a more general term that takes into account all the different types of geometric shapes. Nevertheless, if you seek to be more particular, the shapes that are only in 2D (like a square) can be termed as polygons. That's typically described as a plane figure with a minimum of three straight sides, essentially forming an enclosed shape.


When you take that into the 3D geometric figures, for example with a cube, it becomes a solid figure that you call a polyhedron. The suffixes with -gon and -hedron can then be used to describe the number of sides or edges, such as a decagon and a decahedron.

2. What is the Purpose of Different Geometrical Shapes?

Answer: Some of the Math figures with geometric shapes are interchangeable. This is to say that a serving tray might not always be a rectangle, as there are certainly circular trays, oval trays and even pentagon trays and other types possible. The list of maths geometrical shapes you will find here is also not exhaustive either, as there are many other 2D and 3D geometric shapes.


The purpose of having examples of geometric shapes names and geometric shapes is so that you are able to understand how these simple geometric shapes are actually significant in daily life. This way, you can actually convey clear information regarding practical applications of geometric figures to anyone you're educating.