Mathematics is considered to be the study of numbers, shapes & patterns and when this discipline is applied in a business, it becomes Business Math. For a business, it is a vital subject that a student has to deal with. It acts as a tool that helps in solving and controlling various business problems. The basic objective to learn this subject is to adapt the knowledge of various mathematical tools and techniques and models which helps in dealing with real-life business situations. It is also referred to as "commercial mathematics". In this article, we will talk about this particular subject ie. Business Mathematics. What does it mean, what are the various topics included in this, the importance of learning mathematics for business along with its scope?
What is Business Mathematics?
This is the discipline that consists of mathematical concepts related to the business and it is not only limited to cost, profit/loss, and interest. It is beyond these basic concepts and includes other mathematical concepts as well. The operations or financial activities are controlled by business mathematics such as control on the cash flows, payroll, revenue, financial analysis, risk analysis, etc. The mathematical formulas help in almost every field of business such as in wage or salary calculation, employee performance management, profit & loss analysis, etc. Mathematical models help in analysing the business problems and finding out the appropriate solutions so that those problems do not arise in the future. It also helps in evaluating the problems and taking appropriate decisions in this regard to simplifying the business processes.
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Topics covered in Business Math
The fundamental topics covered in business maths subject are mentioned below which can be covered from any business maths book:
Ratios and Proportions
Simple and Compound interest including the application of Annuity
Bill Discounting & Average Due Date
Mathematical reasoning ( basic application )
Set Theory & application of Venn Diagram
Variation, Indices, Logarithms
Permutation and Combinations
Linear Simultaneous Equations
Determinants and Matrices
Constant and variables, Functions, Limit & Continuity
Differentiability & Differentiation, Partial Differentiation
Maxima & Minima
Statistical Representation of Data
Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion
Correlation and Regression
Time Series Analysis
Importance of Commercial Mathematics
Business is all about management. Management of each and every aspect related to the business helps it to grow and in this management commercial mathematics plays a huge role.
Business math plays a vital role in creating the base of the business. In a business, it is very important to analyse the costs associated with the production of goods and services such as cost of raw materials, plant & machinery, rent, wages, marketing, administrative expenses, warehousing, interest as well as repayment of loans, etc. Only after analysing all the costs, estimation of profits can be done and in this whole process, commercial maths plays a prominent role.
This particular subject helps in pricing the products and services after analysing all the costs and then in calculating the gross or net profit. This helps in analysing if the business is enough to run all the operations and if they are getting profits from the business or not.
This discipline helps in maintaining the good health of the company. It helps in calculating all the business taxes which is also a vital part of the company. Mathematics helps in maintaining this and helps in calculating the actual business profit after deduction of all the taxes & other deductions.
Business Math helps in assessing the financial performance of the business. It helps in estimating the incomes & expenditures along with the risk analysis. It also helps in the assessment of the rivals and their key areas along with their business strategies.
This very discipline helps in taking and improving decision making about different aspects of business such as costs, raw materials, marketing, advertising, strategies for the short and long term, etc. It helps in analyzing unforeseen situations and taking decisions in favour of the company.
Commercial Maths is one of the important disciplines for the commerce stream. It is being taught to the students from school level to college level in different mathematical finance course or business maths courses or any other courses related to the commerce field. A person needs other skills as well along with knowledge of mathematics such as economics, business studies, accountancy along with good communication skills. The persons knowing this subject can found their career in the following fields:
Market Research Analyst
To wrap up the discussion of Business math, we have learned about its meaning, topics, importance as well as scope of this subject. Basically, it includes all the mathematical concepts that can be applied to business and management so that it can run successfully. The basic purpose of Mathematics for economics and business is to analyse the business problems and find out the solutions of those problems and control the issues in such a way that it does not occur again in the future and if occurs damages should be minimum. It helps in almost every part of the business such as income & expenditure, sales and purchases, profit & loss, risk management, financial management, payroll management, etc. Besides this, this subject offers various career fields as well.