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Difference Between Rows and Columns for JEE Main 2024

Last updated date: 16th Apr 2024
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Rows Vs Columns

When you have a huge collection of data it becomes necessary to arrange the data in a particular order so that it becomes easy to navigate through this data next time. Suppose you have data of 2000 students in a school. It includes name, father's name,  mother's name, address, phone number, email id. You need to write these data in a proper organised way horizontally  and vertically. Like you must write one complete set of data of a student horizontally and for other students each value should be arranged vertically one below the other. This horizontal arrangement of data is referred to as rows and vertical arrangement of data is referred to as columns. Rows run from left to right while the column runs top to bottom. 

Rows and column are widely used in matrix, data tables, spreadsheets, architecture, and classroom settings.

People often get confused with these both terms, row and columns so let us study the difference between rows and columns.

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What are Rows?

Rows are the horizontal arrangement of the objects, words, numbers, or any type of data. In this type of arrangement the data is arranged one after the other in a horizontal line. The data is arranged from left to right. The concept of rows is widely used in our day- to-day life. For instance, in school we are often instructed to sit in a row or stand in a row in an assembly sothe instructor can easily keep a watch on their students. Another example is when we go to theatres to watch movies the arrangements of the seats in the auditoriums is set in the form of rows even the tickets are allocated in the form of rows like row number and seat number. Such type of arrangement makes the planner easy to plan the seating arrangements.

Nowadays it has the most prominent usage on spreadsheets like Microsoft Excel, in excel the rows are numbered, going from top to bottom.

What are Columns?

Columns are the vertical arrangement of the objects, words, numbers, data or any type of data. In this type of arrangement, objects are arranged one after the other in a vertical line. Here the data is arranged from top to bottom.

 In other words, we can say that in this arrangement the data is organized in such a form that each of the words, figure or number falls to the other in the sequence. As the columns are split in the form of lines, it increases the readability and attractiveness of the table. In spreadsheets like MS Excel, the heading of the row is denoted using the letters. In the tables, the top-most part, caption, represents the columns. 

The newspapers are one of the best examples of the columns as in here the articles are divided in the form of upward and going downward.

People are often confused with the direction of rows and columns.To avoid further confusion, just remember that rows always go from side to side, and columns go from top to bottom. Whether used in a spreadsheet, database, tables, or classrooms, the direction of rows and columns does not change.Let us differentiate between rows and columns.

Key Differences Between Rows and Columns

  • The main Difference between Rows and Columns is that columns run vertically while rows run horizontally.

  • The arrangement of rows is from left to right while that of columns is from top to bottom.

  • A table is a formation of rows and columns.

  • The header of rows is called the stub while that of columns is called the caption.

  • The total of data in rows is shown in the extreme right corner while the total of data in columns is shown at the bottom.

  • In a spreadsheet, rows run horizontally from left to right while columns run vertically from top to bottom.

  • Another Difference between Rows and Columns is that in the spreadsheet, rows are indicated by numbers while the heading of columns is indicated by letters.

  • In a table, intersection of a row and column form a cell. A cell is named using the column name and row number.

  • In DBMS, rows are known as records while columns are known as fields.

  • Both rows and columns are used in spreadsheets, matrices, and statistical data arrangement.

  •  In an Excel spreadsheet, when adding or deleting rows or columns, you have to use the options “delete/ add rows above/below” or “delete/ add columns to the left/ to the right.”

  • In conclusion, columns go up and down while rows go side to side.

Here is the tabular format to differentiate  between Rows and Columns.

Comparison Chart

Basis for Comparison




An horizontal arrangement of number, figures or any type od data next to one another is called as rows

An vertical arrangement of numbers, figures, object or any type of data is called as columns


Left to right

Top to bottom

Total shown in

Extreme right corner






In the spreadsheets say MS Excel, the row is represented using numbers.

In spreadsheets, the column is represented using letters.


Rows are known as records which contain fields

Columns are known as fields which contain the collection of characters


horizontal arrays are known as rows

the vertical arrays are known as columns

FAQs on Difference Between Rows and Columns for JEE Main 2024

1. What is the Column in Databases?

Answer: A column is a vertical group of data within a table. It contains values from a single field in multiple rows.

In databases, columns may be defined as fields within a table. Each column has a name, such as Name, Address, or Phone Number in a database. Therefore, when a particular column is selected, they will all have similar information, such as a list of phone numbers. When defining columns in databases and spreadsheets, we must specify the type of data,such as a string, number, or date. So that all the data within a given column has a similar format.

2. What is the Role of Rows and Columns in Matrix?

Answer: A matrix consists of a set of numbers arranged in rows and columns enclosed in brackets.

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The following diagram shows s 3 by 2 matrix, in the form of the rows and columns.

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The dimensions or order of a matrix gives the number of rows and columns in a matrix. The order of a matrix with 3 rows and 2 columns is 3 × 2 or 3 by 2.

Matrices are usually denoted by a capital letter.

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C is a matrix of order 2 × 4 (read as ‘2 by 4’)