In the Vedic period, when the society was divided into the 4 Varnas, which were - Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishyas, and Shudras, it was decided based on the birth of the individuals. The Brahmins and the Kshatriyas were the two dominated Varnas who competed to gain their supremacy. While Kshatriyas were the rulers who did not support the domination of the Brahmin priests.
Both the profound spiritual leaders Gautam Buddha and Mahavira Jain challenged the unreasoned dominance of Brahmins. Also, the importance of Vaishyas increased with the flourish of trade.
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Difference between Jainism and Buddhism
The difference between the two religions is tabulated as follows:
Similarities between Jainism and Buddhism
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The similarities between the two are listed as follows:
Both religions believe in faith and Karma.
Both of them are non-theistic religions.
They both had a common background associated with the Aryan Culture.
Both religions are founded by the Kshatriyas of Northern India.
Both the religions were against Vedas and the Vedic culture as well as against Brahmanism.
Both opposed the sacrifice of animals.
Both the leaders in their religion preached Satya, Ahimsa, Brahmacharya, and detachment from the materialistic world.
The origins of the religion Jainism are uncertain. The Jains claim that their religion is eternal, and they consider Rishabhanatha as the founder in the present time-cycle, he who lived for 8,400,000 Purva years. Rishabhanatha is the first Tirthankara among other 24 Tirthankaras who are considered mythical figures by historians.
3 Principles of Jainism
Jainism is a religion that believes in self-help. In this religion, there are no gods or any spiritual beings who will help human beings.
The three guiding principles followed by Jainism are called the 'three jewels', which are –
Also, the supreme principle of the Jain religion is following non-violence or ahimsa.
Mahavira and Buddha
Mahavira is often regarded as the founder of Jainism, but the Jains believe that the 23 previous Tirthankaras also embraced the religion. Parshvanatha was born 273 years before Mahavira was born. Parshvanatha is a Tirthankara whom the modern Western historians considered to be a historical figure, who lived in about the 8th century BCE.
Buddhism religion's founder is Buddha, who is considered an extraordinary man, but he is not a god. The word Buddha means the “enlightened one”. He believed that the path to enlightenment is attained by utilizing morality, meditation, and gaining wisdom. Buddha's most important teachings are known as The Four Noble Truths, which are essential to understand this religion.
10 Teachings of Mahavira
One should always speak the truth.
Control over self is very important.
There is no logic in accumulating a lot of wealth that cannot be spent.
Be honest with everybody.
Following the path of non-violence.
Be compassionate towards all living beings.
Belief in the Soul and Karma
Non-Belief in the one God
Rejection of the Vedas
Founder of Jainism and Buddhism
The founder of Jainism is Mahavira. He is often called the founder of Jainism, but the Jains believed that the 23 previous Tirthankaras also adopted this religion.
This religion, Buddhism was founded in the late 6th century B.C.E. by Siddhartha Gautama also known as the "Buddha". This is an important religion in most Asian countries.