In the ancient period, when the society was divided into varnas based on birth, Brahmins considered themselves as the most superior and dominated the society. During this time many spiritual leaders stood against the dominance of the Brahmin priests and two such great leaders of Magadha were Gautam Buddha and Mahavira Jain. They founded the religions of Buddhism and Jainism respectively both based on the belief of faith and Karma. These religions were against the Brahmin belief of supremacy by birth. Both the founders belong to the Kshatriya family of northern India who decided to stand against the cruelty of the Brahmins.
Difference between Jainism and Buddhism
The difference between the two religions is tabulated as follows:
Similarities between Jainism and Buddhism
The similarities between the two are listed as follows:
Both religions believe in faith and Karma.
Both of them are non-theistic religions.
They both had a common background associated with the Aryan Culture.
Both religions are founded by the Kshatriyas of Northern India.
Both the religions were against Vedas and the Vedic culture as well as against Brahmanism.
Both opposed the sacrifice of animals.
Both the leaders in their religion preached Satya, Ahimsa, Brahmacharya, and detachment from the materialistic world.
The origins of the religion Jainism are uncertain. The Jains claim that their religion is eternal, and they consider Rishabhanatha as the founder in the present time cycle, he who lived for 8,400,000 Purva years. Rishabhanatha is the first Tirthankara among the other 24 Tirthankaras who are considered mythical figures by historians.
Three Principles of Jainism
Jainism is a religion that believes in self-help. In this religion, there are no gods or any spiritual beings who will help human beings.
The three guiding principles followed by Jainism are called the 'three jewels', which are –
Also, the supreme principle of the Jain religion is following non-violence or ahimsa.
Mahavira and Buddha
Mahavira is often regarded as the founder of Jainism, but the Jains believe that the 23 previous Tirthankaras also embraced the religion. Parshvanatha was born 273 years before Mahavira was born. Parshvanatha is a Tirthankara whom the modern Western historians considered to be a historical figure, who lived in about the 8th century BCE.
Buddhism religion's founder is Gautam Buddha. The word Buddha means the “enlightened one”. He believed that the path to enlightenment is attained by utilizing morality, meditation, and gaining wisdom. Buddha's most important teachings are known as The Four Noble Truths, which are essential to understand this religion.
Teachings of Mahavira
One should always speak the truth.
Control over self is very important.
There is no logic in accumulating a lot of wealth that cannot be spent.
Be honest with everybody.
Following the path of non-violence.
Be compassionate towards all living beings.
Belief in the Soul and Karma
Non-Belief in the one God
Rejection of the Rituals
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