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What are Manufacturing Industries?

Last updated date: 28th May 2024
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What is Manufacturing Industry - Concept Building

The manufacturing industry as the name suggests deals with the manufacturing of finished new products from raw materials or essential parts. This process of transforming raw materials or unfinished products to new finished products can involve  physical, chemical, or mechanical transformations. 

Manufacturing does not always mean the use of machines and equipment, they can be manufactured by hand also as in small scale industries of handicrafts, hand baked items, hand manufactured edibles like jam, pickle, etc.

The present and future economy of the country depends on two main pillars: one is the agricultural industry and the other is the manufacturing industry. In Fact, both are dependent on each other to some extent and when they togetherly run smoothly they can develop the country as a whole. Students should be aware of these two industries to know their country better and be a responsible citizen in the future when they can play their respective role in improving the condition of the country both economically and professionally.

Manufacturing Industry and Example of Food Manufacturing 

The food sector of manufacturing transforms agricultural or livestock products into products for consumption examples are baked goods, grains, fruit and vegetable preserves, and animal meat.

Beverage and Tobacco Products Manufacturing

Beverage products include those that are non-alcoholic, and that are alcoholic through the fermentation or distillation process. Tobacco products are loose tobacco products and those that are in cigarette or cigar form.

Textile Manufacturing 

Textile manufacturers turn fibres into usable fabrics that will eventually be transformed into consumer goods, examples are fibre, yarn, thread, and fabric mills.

Apparel Manufacturing 

Apparel manufacturers fall into two main types: the first one is cut and sew and the second type involves knitting the fabric and then cutting and sewing it. 

Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing

This sector deals with the manufacturing of leather and leather substitutes such as rubbers or plastics. 

Wood Product Manufacturing

Wood manufacturing covers products like lumber, plywood, etc.

Paper Manufacturing

Paper manufacturers make pulp, paper, or converted paper products. 

Petroleum and Coal Manufacturing 

This industry deals with transforming crude petroleum and coal into usable consumer products. 

Chemical Manufacturing 

Chemicals manufacturing encompasses several different industries and this manufacturing process is the transformation of organic or inorganic materials into a unique product. 

Examples are pesticides, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, soaps, cleaning compounds, and more.

Plastics and rubbers Manufacturing

This manufacturing sector makes rubbers and plastics and they are lumped together because they are used as substitutes for one another. 

Metal Manufacturing

The metal manufacturing sector produces metals like iron, steel, aluminium, etc. 

Fabricated Metal Manufacturing

Metals are transformed into other end products, examples are cutlery, hand tools, hardware, springs, screws, nuts, and bolts.


Machinery Manufacturing

This sector of manufacturing creates machines that apply a mechanical force that is created through processes like forging, stamping, bending, forming, welding, and assembling of parts.

Computer and Electronics Manufacturing

This sector is rapidly growing and continues to grow. The insatiable demand for electronics makes this a highly competitive industry because of the use of integrated circuits and miniaturized technology. 

This grouping includes computers, communications equipment, and audio and visual equipment.

Transportation Equipment Manufacturing

Nearly everything related to transporting goods and people is produced in this manufacturing sector and this is a huge sector of the manufacturing industry, encompassing motor vehicles, planes, trains, and ships. 

Transportation equipment generally qualifies as machinery. The manufacturing process is extremely complex and requires many different components to be made in the same factories. 

Furniture Manufacturing 

This sector includes the production of various furniture and all other related products like mattresses, blinds, cabinets, and lighting. Goods that are manufactured in this sector are functional and have a well-thought-out design. 

There are many processes that can go into manufacturing furniture examples are cutting, shaping, finishing, and attaching wood to make a table.

Different Types of Manufacturing Companies

Clothing and Textiles

Companies that process raw wool, cotton, and flax to make cloth come under the clothing and textiles sector. This sector also applies the use of wool and cloth to make clothes, outerwear, upholstery fabrics, and bedding.

Petroleum, Chemicals, and Plastics

The process of turning chemicals, coal, as well as crude oil into usable products. Also the making of soaps, resins, paints, and pesticides. The manufacturing of medicines belongs to this sector of manufacturing.

Electronics, Computers, and Transportation

These fields are closely related, but they are usually treated as two different sectors of manufacturing. Most of the products in this manufacturing sector use electric power. 

Food Production

The inclusion of agriculture into manufacturing in modern society shows how agriculture has changed over the past years and imitates more of a food production factory than an organic-style farm of a century ago. As the simplest of all manufacturing industries, it includes all forms of food production. From the farm to the dinner table and that includes such work as canning and purifying.

Metal Manufacturing

Oil and chemical manufacturing, and also metals belong to the heavy industry.  

Wood, Leather, and Paper

  • Wood production deals with all forms of manufacturing floors or housing, and also sawing and laminating. 

  • Under leather industries, one will find all the tanning and curing. But the creation of leather clothes belongs to clothing and textiles. 

  • The paper production process is classified by the cleansing of raw wood pulp into paper products.


Manufacturing industry has changed the scenario not only of agriculture, but textile and petrol. It brings positive change to the economy of the country, and better study about it will help to bring more innovation.

FAQs on What are Manufacturing Industries?

1. What Manufacturing Industries Do?

  • The manufacturers create physical goods. Most manufacturers use machinery as well as industrial equipment to produce various goods. 

  • The manufacturing process creates value, which means companies can charge a premium for what they create an example, rubber is not valuable but when it is formed into a car tire, it holds more value. 

  • Before the Industrial Revolution, the majority of goods were made by hand and since the Industrial Revolution, manufacturing has grown increasingly important.

  • Today the advancement of computer technology allows various manufacturers to produce more and thousands of items that can be manufactured within the space of minutes.

2. Write the classification of Manufacturing Industries.

The classification of manufacturing industries are as follows:

Household Industries or Cottage Manufacturing: 

This is the smallest manufacturing where the workers or the artisans use all the local raw materials as well as simple hand tools to produce daily use goods in their houses. They produce these goods with the assistance of their family or part-time job.

Small Scale Manufacturing:

Small scale manufacturing is very different from household industries by its production techniques and also the place of the manufacture. This type of production uses local raw material, easy power-operated machines, as well as semi-skilled workers.

Large Scale Manufacturing:

Large-scale production includes a large market, several raw materials, tremendous energy, specialized operators, superior technology, large capital, and also assembly-line mass production.

3. What are labor based manufacturing Industries?

Though most of the manufacturing industries need machines and modern equipment to produce goods from raw materials, there are many industries which are based on human labor only. This usually forms the small scale industries where the margin of profit is not very high and production is on a small scale. Few such industries are cake and cookies baking industries, candle making industries, jams and pickle making industries, handmade chocolate industries, Papad and other roasted and snack items, organic soaps and cosmetics, handmade jewelleries, jute items including bags.

4. How do different countries of the world stand in their Manufacturing output?

Manufacturing industries are the foundation of the economy of the country. The economy of the country in many ways depends upon these industries and their production capabilities. A country without manufacturing industries will stay underdeveloped and the countries which have good manufacturing output always boast of their labor and development. According to the World Bank’s latest update, China tops the list of its manufacturing outcomes improving its economic conditions to a higher level. India stands in the sixth position in the list of outcomes but for an overpopulated country, India still needs to give extra effort to revive its industries.

5. What are the most important manufacturing processes used in industries?

The major processes involved in the manufacturing of goods in large scale machine involved industries are as follows:

  • Casting

  • Moulding

  • Pasting

  • Joining

  • Assembling

  • Machining

  • Additive manufacturing

  • Labeling and Painting

These are the major heads of manufacturing processes. All other manufacturing processes fall under these important major categories as their subcategories. However, to start with the manufacturing processes need a plan to be implemented. The plan involves designing plans by manufacturing engineers. Products manufactured from these processes using a proper plan and formula cannot be disassembled easily.

6. What is the importance of manufacturing industries?

Manufacturing industries form one of the most important economic sectors of a country. In a country like India where a major population depends on agricultural income, the setup of manufacturing industries can lighten the load of dependency on agricultural income by creating a lot of job opportunities. Good manufacturing output removes the scarcity of goods for the huge population as a result the economically weaker section can also afford items which were once very costly. Not only this the development and modernization of the country depends upon the manufacturing industries it has. 

It will increase the export of India and the dependency of a larger number of countries on India. Similarly, it will reduce the need of import for India making it an economically flourished country. To study more and understand about the topic, do check Vedantu website. You can download the information in PDF format.