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Human Geography

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Last updated date: 21st Jul 2024
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What is Human Geography?

The study of places and people's interactions with their surroundings is known as geography. Human geography is a significant discipline of geography that focuses on the study of the human race. This entails looking at the race's history, origins, interactions, and perspectives on various ideologies that affect them. It also includes research on how these groups of people organize themselves in the environments in which they live. Hence there is an immense importance of human geography. The branches of human geography and human geography examples are mentioned below. 

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Types of Human Geography

Cultural geography, economic geography, health geography, historical geography, political geography, population geography, rural geography, and social geography are examples of sub-disciplinary studies in human geography that focus on distinct aspects of human activity and organization. These different types of human geography are discussed below.

Economic Geography: Economic geography is the study of how diverse products and services are created and dispersed in various niche markets. This branch also looks at how wealth is dispersed across the globe in different places.

Medical Geography: Medical geography is the branch of geography concerned with the study of disease patterns and spread. This includes epidemics and pandemics, as well as their causes and spread across a certain geographic area.

Religious Geography: Religious geography is a subfield of human geography concerned with the spread and distribution of religious organizations, as well as their culture and built environment.

Political Geography: Political geography is a subfield of human geography that analyzes and investigates human politics. This includes things like country borders, development policies, and voting patterns and behaviours within each jurisdiction.

Historical Geography: Historical geography is a subdiscipline of human geography that studies previous spatial patterns and processes. Behavioural geography is a subdiscipline of geography that studies how humans comprehend maps and physical space.

Physical Geography: Another significant discipline of geography that deals with the physical properties of the earth are physical geography. Physiography is another name for this discipline of geography. There are five sub-branches of physical geography.

Physical geographers are primarily concerned with the natural environment, though many also study how humans have impacted natural systems. Seasons, soil, streams, climate, atmosphere, oceans, and landforms are all studied by physical geographers. Geomorphology, glaciology, pedology, hydrology, climatology, biogeography, and oceanography are examples of physical geography disciplines. Landforms and the processes that shape them are studied in geomorphology. Wind, ice, rivers, erosion, earthquakes, volcanoes, living beings, and other forces that shape and transform the Earth's surface are studied by geomorphologists.

Environmental Geography: The study of spatial elements of interactions between humans and their immediate environment, as well as the consequences of these interactions, is known as environmental geography. This field of geography aids in comprehending the numerous forms of human activities that occur in a given place and the effects that these activities have on that location.

Environmental geography is important because it aids in the understanding of physical land features and their interactions with human activities. This aids researchers in determining which human activities result in which land types, as well as how to prevent or encourage certain behaviours that have a negative impact on the ecosystem. Environmental geography also aids in the simplification of life by examining the causes and spread of diseases depending on environmental activities.

Nature of Human Geography

The study of the interrelationships between place, people,  and environment, as well as how these fluctuate spatially and temporally across and between regions, is referred to as human geography. It is the study of the interrelationships between the physical environment and the sociocultural environment that humans have produced through mutual interaction. The major divisions of human geography indicate a concern for various human activities or lifestyles. Urban geography, cultural geography, social geography, and demographic geography are all examples of human geography. 

FAQs on Human Geography

1. What is the definition of human geography?

Human geography is concerned with the role of humans in the world and the consequences of their actions on the planet. Human geography is concerned with human populations, settlements, economics, transportation, recreation and tourism, religion, politics, social and cultural traditions, human migration, agriculture, and urbanization, among other things. 

2. What is the relationship between geography and the environment?

The surroundings in which an organism lives are referred to as its environment. Geography is the study of the interrelationships between humans and their surroundings. Thus geography and environment are inter-related.