Ooze is a type of pelagic which means deep-sea sediment that is composed of a minimum 30 percent of the skeletal remains of the microscopic organisms that remain floated. Oozes are generally deposits of soft mud which is situated on the ocean floor. Oozes form on the areas of the seafloor which is quite far away from the land. This slow yet steady deposition of the dead microorganisms from the overlying waters is not concealed by the sediments that washed from the land.
We will Learn More about Oozes Further in this Section.
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Radiolarian Ooze is a deep-sea ooze. In this type of ooze minimum of about 30 percent of the sediment constitutes the siliceous radiolarian tests. This Radiolarian-rich ooze mainly occurs in the equatorial regions of the Indian and Pacific Ocean. In this ocean, the ooze exceeds the carbonate-compensation depth as the depth increases, which is around 4500m in the central Pacific Ocean.
In this study we will also know about the subdivisions of Ooze.
Calcareous Oozes is the first sub divisional ooze. This contains skeletons which are made of calcium carbonate and the second subdivision is siliceous ooze which contains skeletons that are made up of silica and then they are again subdivided according to the predominant skeleton type. Primordial and Primeval Ooze are somewhat similar as they existed at the beginning of their stage of development. The oozes have their own characteristic feature and ooze charm.
More about Oozes
Another type of ooze known as the globigerina ooze, comes under the calcareous oozes. This type of ooze contains the shells of the planktonic foraminifera and pteropod ooze which is made up chiefly of the shells of the pelagic molluscs.
The siliceous oozes also include the radiolarian ooze that comprises mostly the brown clay that is more than 30 percent of the skeletons of the warm-water protozoa, another is the diatom ooze which contains the frustules or the tiny shells of the diatoms. The siliceous oozes exist only where the rate of its deposition of the diatoms or the radiolarians is greater than the rate at which the silica content of the species are dissolved in the deep waters, thus the diatom oozes are quite confined to the belts in the North Pacific and the Antarctic, the radiolarian oozes are found precisely in the North Pacific under the eastern part.
This Globigerina ooze is the most densely spread of the oozes which occur both in the Atlantic and in the Indian oceans. While, Pteropod ooze is found in the middle of the Atlantic.
Biogenic ooze is also known as biogenic sediment. It is to be known that any pelagic sediment which contains more than 30 percent of the skeletal material. These biogenic sediments can be made up of either carbonate also known as a calcareous ooze or siliceous ooze. The skeletal material which is present in the carbonate oozes is a calcium carbonate that is generally in the form of the mineral calcite but at times it is also in the form of aragonite.
Foraminifera and Coccoliths are the main constituents of microorganisms which form skeletal debris.
Siliceous oozes are constituted with opal which is amorphous hydrated silica, this forms the skeletons of many microorganisms. Such organisms include diatoms, radiolarians, siliceous sponges and silicoflagellates. The biogenic oozes are distributed, and its distribution depends mainly on the supply of the skeletal material, dissolution of its, and dilution by other sediment types, like turbidites or clay.
Most amazing fact is that the carbonate oozes cover roughly half of the world’s seafloor. Carbonate oozes are present above a depth of 4,500 metres, while below this they dissolve quickly. Calcite Compensation Depth (or CCD) thus represents the level at which the rate of carbonate accumulation merges with the rate of the carbonate dissolution.