Mount Monadnock, also known as Grand Monadnock, is a 3,165-foot (965-meter) peak in the New Hampshire towns of Jaffrey and Dublin. It is the highest point in Cheshire County and the most prominent mountain range in southern New Hampshire. It's 61 kilometres south of Concord and 100 kilometres north of Boston. Because of their more resistant rock composition, monadnocks are left as erosional remnants; they usually consist of quartzite or less jointed massive volcanic rocks. Monadnocks are formed in warm, temperate regions, as compared to inselbergs (island mountains), a related tropical landform.
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Floral species decrease as soil depths get shallower from the base to the summit. Various sub-alpine plants that can maintain moisture for long periods of time can be found on the summit. Mountain ash, cotton grass, sheep laurel, mountain sandwort, and mountain cranberry are examples of alpine and sub-alpine plants. Northern hardwood tree populations cover the lower elevations of Mount Monadnock, while red spruce stands to dominate the middle elevations. Mount Monadnock was completely engulfed by a red spruce forest prior to the fires. Since the summit has been deprived of soil cover, red spruce have been gradually ascending back to the top in an ecological succession phase.
Mt. Monadnock has long been recognized as one of the world's most popular climbing attractions. The bare, lonely, and rugged summit of Monadnock offers vast views. There are many hiking trails on the site, including the 180-kilometre Metacomet-Monadnock Trail and the 80-kilometre Monadnock-Sunapee Greenway. The Connecticut River watershed is to the west, and the Merrimack River watershed is to the east. Mount Monadnock is situated on the boundary of two major watersheds. The top of the mountain is bare due to 19th-century fires, but lower down the slopes, one can find a variety of native plant species in a variety of unique habitats, including alpine bogs.
How Mount Monadnock Got its Name?
"Monadnock" refers to a "mountain that stands alone." Early settlers in southern New Hampshire invented the term, which was later adopted by American geologists as a synonym for an inselberg or isolated peak. To separate it from other Vermont and New Hampshire peaks with the word "Monadnock," Mount Monadnock is sometimes referred to as Grand Monadnock. American geologists coined the word "monadnock" to describe any isolated mountain created by the exposure of a harder rock as a result of erosion of a softer one that once surrounded it.
American geologists coined the word "monadnock" to describe any isolated mountain created by the exposure of a harder rock as a result of erosion of a softer one that once surrounded it. Around 1844 and 1860, Thoreau visited the mountain four times and spent a lot of time studying and documenting natural phenomena. One of the first serious naturalist inventories of the mountain is credited to him. A bog near Mount Monadnock's summit and a rocky lookout off the Cliff Walk path is also named after him, as is another lookout.
The Halfway House and Other Structures
On the south side of the range, about halfway between the base and the top, Moses Cudworth of Rindge opened the "Halfway House" hotel in 1858. To serve it, the "Toll Road" was constructed. By the time, the mountain's reputation had skyrocketed, and Cudworth had expanded the hotel to host 100 guests. The Halfway House stables could hold up to 75 horses on busy summer days. When hundreds of locals from local towns banded together to purchase the Toll Road and motel, and to block a radio station from being built on the summit, the Halfway House became public property. Since the hotel burnt down in 1954, the site was used as a concession stand until 1969.
A small fire warden's hut on Mount Monadnock's summit existed from 1911 to 1948, when it was decommissioned due to the introduction of modern forest fire detection methods. Until 1969, the hut served as a snack bar concession and hikers' shelter until being decommissioned in 1972. The fire lookout lived in a small cabin that was situated farther down the mountain. It has also been deleted.
How Mount Monadnock is Used for Recreational Purposes?
Mt. Monadnock has long been regarded as one of the world's most popular climbing destinations. Hiking, backpacking, picnicking, and snowshoeing are all allowed on Mount Monadnock. On some of the lower trails, backcountry skiing is possible. The state of New Hampshire operates a seasonal campground east of the mountain, but camping is banned anywhere else on the mountain.
Conservation of Mt. Monadnock
The majority of the mountain has been designated as forest and is not subject to any construction. The Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, which owns over 4,000 acres in the Monadnock Reservation, is the largest landowner. The state leases land on Monadnock for management purposes. The state of New Hampshire owns an extra 1,000 acres on the mountain as Monadnock State Park. The town of Jaffrey also owns portions of the mountain.
The National Park Service studied the Metacomet-Monadnock Trail in 2000 for potential inclusion in a proposed National Scenic Trail, now tentatively named the New England National Scenic Trail, which will also include the Mattabesett and Metacomet trails in Connecticut, granting it some of the statuses according to the Appalachian Trail. However, whether the New Hampshire portion of the Metacomet-Monadnock Trail will be included in the final NST designation seems to be uncertainty.