Beaufort scale, also known as Beaufort wind force scale, was discovered in 1805 by Commander (later Admiral and Knight Commander of the Bath) Francis Beaufort of the British navy for classifying and observing the wind force at sea. The Beaufort scale is used to measure and detail the consequences of different wind speeds on objects on land or at sea.
The Beaufort numbers in the Beaufort scale are arranged from 0 to 12 to represent the wind strength from calm (force 0) to the hurricane ( force 12). The Beaufort scale was further extended in 1946 when forces 13 to 17 were added. The force 13 to 17 are applied only to special cases such as tropical cyclones. The extended scale is only used in Taiwan and Mainland China, which are often affected by typhoons.
What is Beaufort Scale?
The Beaufort scale is used to measure the speed of the wind. It is based on observations rather than actual measurements. It is widely used to measure wind speed today. There are 12 levels, including 0 for “ no wind” in the wind force scale introduced by Beaufort. The level in the Beaufort scale was further extended from 13 to 17 in 1946. All of them were labeled as hurricanes. The further ranges of scale were only used in special cases by China and Taiwan still because they often have typhoons.
Beaufort Scale Definition
Beaufort scale, a wind force scale ranging from 0 ( calm ) to 12 ( hurricane) is an empirical measure for describing the wind speed based on the observed sea conditions.
Wind Scale Beaufort
The wind scale by Beaufort is neither exact nor objective, rather it was based on the visual and subjective observation of a ship and of the sea. The corresponding wind speeds are identified later, but the values in different units were never made equal.
The Beaufort wind force scale is widely used in countries like Hong Kong, Netherlands, Greece, China, Taiwan, Germany, Malta, and Macau, although with some differences between them. Taiwan uses the wind scale with the extension to 17. On 15 May 2006, China started using this extended version of scale without prior notice, and the extended version of the scale was instantly put to use for Typhoon Chanchu. However, Hong Kong and Macau use force 12 as the maximum.
The Beaufort Wind Force Scale Table
Did You Know?
The Beaufort scale is most widely used to measure wind speed today.
The Beaufort scale is named for Sir Francis Beaufort of the British Royal Navy.
The Douglas Sea Scale and the Douglas Wind Scale are similar to the Beaufort scale, but they separate the sea from the wind.
The Beaufort scale was first officially used by HMS Beagle.
The Beaufort scale is a method of measuring wind speed based on the general condition of the surface of a large body of water in terms of wind waves and swell.
The official name of the Beaufort scale is “ Beaufort Wind Force Scale”.