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Autumn Season

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The Autumn Season

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Have you noticed the change in colours of the leaves of the plants or trees etc. around you? It all happens because of the change of season. It is one of the four seasons on the Earth which comes after the summer season and comes before the winter season. Here, we will be talking about this season only. We will learn about the autumn fall, autumn season meaning or definition, autumn months, temperature and climate, how seasons change, autumn time, etc. This article will help you to understand the base of the geographical phenomenon and helps to understand one of the seasons on earth and its various features.  

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Autumn Meaning

Autumn is a "Latin" word which was first appeared in the 14th century. It is also known as harvest or fall. It comes in between the seasons of summer and winter and it works as a transitional season between the two. It is the time when the temperature starts reducing and the weather starts bringing changes and becomes neither too hot nor too cold. In India, We are having 6 seasons namely Summer, Monsoon, Autumn, Pre winter, Winter, and Spring. Autumn in Hindi is known as Sharad Ritu.


Definition

According to the Oxford dictionary, “ autumn is ​the season of the year between summer and winter when leaves change colour and the weather becomes colder”


Change of Seasons 

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Our planet is tilted by 23.5° and if it is not tilted then half earth would face the day and half earth would face night but we know that it is not the case here. We experience seasons because of a number of factors such as the earth's tilt, angle of incidence, division of the earth into equator, tropic of cancer, tropic of Capricorn, and the apparent movement of the sun. Our earth experiences four seasons i.e summer, autumn, winter, spring. Where the sun is directly overhead, that region of the Earth experience maximum temperature which leads to summers and further the cycle continues. 


In Northern Hemisphere

Here, the Autumn season comes after the summer season, and regions experience autumn during September. At this time, the southern hemisphere experiences the spring season.


In Southern Hemisphere

Here, the Autumn season comes after the summer season but during the period of March. At this time, there is spring season in the northern hemisphere.


Difference Between Spring and Autumn

Autumn always comes after the summer season and spring comes after the winter season. In autumn, the temperature gradually decreases and in spring the temperature starts increasing. Autumnal Equinox is related to the autumn season and the term vernal equinox is related to the spring season.


Temperature and Climate

The weather in the region starts changing gradually and the temperature starts decreasing. Generally, it is a season between the summers and the winters but in some areas, it also brings rainfall with itself. For example in India, the monsoon comes after the summer season and succeeded by the autumn season and winter season. In some temperate regions, it is also the time of harvesting crops. People generally love autumn weather because it is neither too cold nor too hot. People enjoy this season and love to celebrate various festivals and traditions or occasions etc. but Autumn 2020 was the worst because of the Covid-19 pandemic and people did not get a chance to enjoy the beauty of this season.


Vegetation and Wildlife

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It is one of the beautiful seasons of the year in which plants and trees start changing their colours. You will experience colours of autumn such as golden, yellow, orange and red, etc. It is the time when plants and trees start shedding their leaves as well. It is also a season of harvest on one side and a season of new crops on the other side. Apple, blackberry, brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, mustard, spinach, garlic, etc. are grown in this season.


This is a period of transition from one extreme season to another i.e from summers to winters. Animals start preparation for the winter season. Thicker fur grows on the bodies of the animals so that they are able to survive the winters. For example, rabbits, cats, dogs birds, etc. Some animals go to hibernation where they keep their body temperature low and save their energy. For example, chipmunks or skunks, etc. Some animals start finding places like under the trees or rocks or caves etc. Birds start to migrate from one colder region to some warmer places. 


Autumn Traditions

It is quite a good time to celebrate any occasion or tradition or festival. A number of festivals or traditions are being celebrated during this period. For example, Dia de Muertos, Chuseok, Thanksgiving, Dussehra, and Diwali, etc.


Conclusion 

Thus, here we have covered the autumn season and its various features. We come to know about the autumn meaning, autumn months, and timing, etc. We learned actually how this change comes and how seasons change. This article will help you to understand the very basic concept of seasons and will help you in studying Geography or Earth Science. 


Did You Know?

Dia de Muertos is a kind of a tradition when people paint their faces and take part in the parades etc. to remember their loved ones to whom they have lost in their lives and this tradition is being followed to remember and honor them.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Write a Short Note on the Autumn Season.

Answer. This season comes in between the seasons of summer and winter and it works as a transitional season between the two. It is the time when the temperature starts reducing and the weather starts bringing changes and becomes neither too hot nor too cold. It is the time when plants and trees start shedding their leaves as well. It is also a season of harvest on one side and a season of new crops on the other side. Animals start preparation for the winter season. Thicker fur grows on the bodies of the animals so that they are able to survive the winters. Some undergo hibernation and some migrate from one place to another.

Q2. What Happens to Animals and Birds in the Autumn Season?

Answer. Autumn is a beautiful period for everyone when the temperature starts decreasing gradually. This is a period of transition from one extreme season to another i.e from summers to winters. Animals also start preparing for the winters. Thick fur grows on the bodies of the animals so that they are able to survive the winters. For example, rabbits, cats, dogs birds, etc. Some animals go to hibernation where they keep their body temperature low and save their energy. For example, chipmunks or skunks, etc. Some animals start finding places like under the trees or rocks or caves etc. Birds start to migrate from one colder region to some warmer places.