Full Form of DGP

Indian Police follows a hierarchy of different officers in which DIB works at the Government of India and after that comes DGP which is present in every State and Union Territory. After DGP, you will find Additional DGP ( ADGP ) and Inspector General of Police ( IGP ) and so on. ADGP, as well as IGP, assist the DGP in performing its functions. In this article, we will talk about DGP. We will cover DGP full form or full form of DGP in Police department or what is DGP, etc. This article will help you to understand who DGP is and what he does. 

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DGP Full Form in Police

If you are asked what is the full form of DGP, then you can answer that it simply refers to the "Director General Of Police". He is also considered as "State Police Chief" because of his highest rank in the police department in terms of any state or Union Territory of India. 

DGP Full Meaning

He is considered to be the highest rank officer of police in any state or Union Territory of India. Basically, he is called the head of the Indian state police or the police of the Indian Union Territory. He is also called "State Police Chief". He is the person who holds a three-star rank and is appointed by the cabinet by the Indian Police Services. 

There may also present some additional officers in the Indian state who holds this rank & common appointments of such type of officers are mentioned below: 

  • Director of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau

  • Director-General of Prisons

  • Director-General of fire forces and civil defence

  • Criminal Investigation Department ( CID )

  • Police Housing Society, etc.

Such DGP officers may also commensurate appointments in the organisations of the Central Government such as:

  • Director of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

  • Director of SVPNPA

  • DG, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

We have already come to know DGP full form in police, who is the highest authority in the state or Union Territory of India. He is also assisted by other additional or special DGPs who are considered responsible for a separate bureau in the state such as law & order, crime, etc. 

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Role of DGP

We have gone through what is the full form of DGP as well as the meaning of DGP. The role and functions of DGP are given below:

  • The whole administration of the Police department of the State or Union Territory is vested in him.

  • He acts as an adviser to the Government where he works in all kinds of matters which are related to the administration of the Police department.

  • He is responsible for the internal economy, equipment, training as well as discipline of the police force and also for the efficient organisation as a means of maintaining the law & order, preventing as well as detecting the crimes, etc. In short, he is responsible for the discharging of duties of all the officers of all the ranks under him efficiently.

  • It is the duty of DGP to advise in matters of police administration & crime & activities related to law & order. 

  • He has also been empowered to make rules as well as orders under the Police Act. Important order that leads to radical changes needs to be taken with the prior approval of the government by the DGP or IGP. 

  • He is also considered as the central and main authority to direct operations in case of strikes, riots, political movements, industrial disputes, etc. Under such disturbances, police action is being taken under the DGP. He can also deploy reserve police during serious problems where it is necessary.

  • It is the responsibility of the DGP to send his copies of the tour programme in advance to the Chief Minister, Home Minister, Chief Secretary & Home Secretary along with Commissioners of Police, Additional. Directors General of Police, Inspectors General of Police, Dy. Inspectors General of Police, Superintendents of Police as well as other related officers.

Difference Between CP and DGP

We have learned DGP full form in police, meaning as well as his role in the Police. Let's understand the difference between two important officers in Police:

  • The full form of CP is "Commissioner of Police" who is the officer in Police service may be at the rank of ADGP or IGP and can also be at the rank of DIGP. He is empowered with executive magistrate powers and assisted by one or more Joint CP. On the other hand, the DGP full form in police department is Director-General of Police, who is said to be a 3-star rank officer and considered as the highest rank officer in the State or the union territory. They are IPS officers and may have commensurate appointments in CBI, CRPF etc.

  • CP heads the Commissionarate in major Cities, Districts etc. Whereas DGP heads the Police department of the whole state.

  • The CP is not found in all States whereas the Director General of Police can be found in all the states or Union Territories.

  • Commissioner of Police is a posting and not a rank where the senior-most police officer in a commissioner is the CP whereas Director-General of Police is the highest rank in the hierarchy of the State Police and it is not called a posting.

  • The CP is of different ranks. He could be the Inspector General of Police (IGP) Rank or  Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) Rank or Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) whereas the Director-General of Police is the highest-ranked officer in the States or Union Territories ( UT ). He heads the entire police department in the state or UT. 

  • In most of the scenarios, the Commissioner of Police ( CP )  reports to the (DGP) but there are some exceptions as well in the case of Delhi as well as Kolkata Police. On the other hand, the DGP does not report to the CP.  

Conclusion

To sum up the discussion about the full form of DGP police, we can say that in terms of hierarchy in the police administration in any state or Union Territory, he is the head who looks after the police department. He is assisted by other officers such as the Additional Director General of Police as well as Special officers. He performs the duty as a police head and advises the Government in matters of police administration. In this article, we have learned what is the full form of DGP or full form DGP, who is DGP, his roles & functions and the difference between CP as well as DGP, etc. Usually, common people know about DGP but do not know about the DGP full form in police administration and this article will help you to understand that.

We have learned DGP full form and its related aspects. Let's go through some important as well as related questions which are given below:


FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is the full form of DGP?


Answer. The DGP term is related to the police department in India. People usually refer to this police officer with the abbreviation but in most of the cases do not know about the full form of DGP which simply means "the Director-General of Police" who is known as the head of the police department in any state or Union Territory of India. He heads the entire police force in the state and performs functions with respect to the maintenance of law and order in the entire region. He is said to be present in all the states or UTs and generally, they are IPS officers or 3-star rank officers.

Q2. What is the role of DGP?

Answer. The major role of the DGP is to head the entire police department in the entire state or Union Territory. He advises the government of the state-related matters of police administration in the region. He is responsible for the discipline of the police force as well as the effective disposal of their services. He can make rules and order under the Police Act and also can deploy more force where required during serious problems. He also heads the operations during strikes, movements, riots, etc.

Q3. Difference between DGP and CP.

Answer. DGP means the Director-General of Police whereas CP refers to the Commissioner of Police. The former is said to be the head of the police department in the state or UT of India whereas the latter can be at various ranks such as ADGP or IGP, etc. The latter reports to the DGP with exceptions in the case of Delhi & Kolkata Police whereas the DGP doesn't report to the CP. It is not necessary that CP will be present in all the states but the DGP will be present in all the states. The CP heads the major cities or districts, etc whereas the other heads the state or UT. The DGPs are said to be IPS officers and are rank officers and not a posting whereas CP is considered as posting not a rank officer.