CSIR abbreviation, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, was established by the Government of India as an autonomous body in 1942. It is one of the largest research and development organizations in India.
As of 2013, CSIR operates 38 laboratories/institutes, three innovation centres, 39 outreach centres, and five units throughout the country, with a collective staff of over 14000, including a total of 4600 scientists and 8000 technical and support employees. It covers a broad range of spectrum including oceanography, Geophysics, chemical drugs, biotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering, and information technology.
The CSIR research and development activities include structural engineering, aerospace engineering, chemical mining, metallurgy, life science, oceanic science, food, chemicals, mining, leather, petroleum, and environmental science.
Dr. Shekhar C.Mande is the Director-General of CSIR-cum-secretary DSIR.
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What is CSIR?
CSIR stands for Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, was established in 1942 as an autonomous body whose President is the Prime Minister of India. CSIR is now one of the largest publicly funded research and development organizations in the World. CSIR is known for its groundbreaking R&D database in distinct S & T areas.
The organization plays an important role in supporting public and private sectors through direct research that is associated with the priorities of the county, the organization’s mandates, and its science, engineering, and technology proficiency.
CISR secured 37th rank among 1587 government instruction throughout the world and is the only Indian R&D organization among the top 100 global institutions as per the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2021. CSIR secured 7th rank in Asia and leads the country at the first position.
What is the Full Form of CSIR?
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research is the full form of CSIR.
CSIR Long Form and Mission
The long-form of CSIR is the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. Its mission is to simply build a new CSIR for new India.
“Pursue Science which aims for all-around effect, technology that empowers innovations, operate industries and support trans-disciplinary leadership thereby catalyzing in-depth economic development for the people of India”.
The Changed Scenario has Inspired CSIR Towards:
Science and Engineering Leadership
Innovative Technology Solutions
Open Innovation and Crowdsourcing
Promoting talents in transdisciplinary areas
Entrepreneurship based on Science; and
Socio-economic transformation through S&T intervention.
Functions of CSIR
Suggestion on the management of R & D programs and future prospects of the activities of laboratory keeping in view the five-year plans, national priorities, and opportunity areas.
Recommended networking with other CSIR national laboratories on programs of national interest.
Reviewing research and development activities and research programs and advice of future directions.
Advising on promoting linkage between the laboratory, Industry, and potential clients.
Constitute Selection committee and Assessment Committees/ Peer Groups for selection, merit, and assessment promotions of the scientific workforce.
Any other functions may be assigned by the Director-General/Governing Body.
In 1950, CSIR developed the first synthetic drug named Methaqualone.
Developed Optical Glass at CGCR for defence purposes.
In 1967, CSIR developed the first Indian tractor Swaraj that is completely based on indigenous know-how.
Designed India’s first parallel processing computer, Flosolver.
Designed a 14 seater plane known as SARAS.
Developed a multifaceted handy PC- based software ‘Bio- Suite For bioinformatic with TCS.
CSIR introduced the “ Traditional Knowledge Digital Library”. It is available in 5 different international languages namely English, French, Japanese, German, and Spanish.
In 2007, CSIR initiated the study of Sepsivac, a drug for gram-negative sepsis under the NMITLI program.
In 2009, CSIR completed the Human Genome Project.
In 2011, CSIR successfully tested India’s first indigenous civilian aircraft NAL NM5 in association with national Aeronautic Space and Mahindra Aerospace.
In 2020, CSIR initiated a clinical trial to examine Sepsivac's effectiveness to minimize the mortality rate in covid-19 patients.
Jigyasa is the utmost drive carried out by CSIR at the national level during its Platinum Jubilee Celebration Year. CSIR aims to widen its Scientific Social Responsibility through this program. This program explains the culture of curiosity on one hand and scientific nature on the other hand.
Full form CSIR, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and full form KVS, Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan has signed Mou on Scientist Students Connect Programme “ Jigyasa” on July 6, 2017. The CSIR Jigyasa Programme is a unique platform for bringing scientists and teachers to foster young talents. This program aims to open up the national scientific facilities to school children, enable CSIR scientific knowledge and facilities to be used by schoolchildren. This model of engaging children has also been extended to other schools along with the KVS.
The Jigyaasa Model Visualizes Some of the Following Models of Engagement:
Popular Lecture Series
Summer Vacation Programme
Students Residential Programmes
Scientist visits to the school
Lab specific activities/Onsite experiments and many more