Sin 2x Formula

Double Angle Formula

Trigonometry is an amusing and fundamental branch of Mathematics. We study a number of formulas, theorems and equations in trigonometry which has extensive use in science. In this article, we’ll see a part of this broad area which includes sin function, double angle formula and more specifically double angle formula for sin function. We’ll see its derivation, example and uses of sin2x all formulas. 

Formulas and identities of sin 2x, cos 2x, tan 2x, cot 2x, sec 2x and cosec 2x are known as double angle formulas because they have angle double of the angle present in their formulas.

Sin 2x Formula

Sin 2x formula is 2sinxcosx.

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Sin 2x =2 sinx cosx

Derivation of Sin2x Formula

Before going into the actual proof, first, let us take a look at the formula itself.

Sin 2x = 2 sinx cosx

Observe that the sin2x formula is a product of sinx and cosx. We will start by using the known formula in which sin and cos are multiples of each other. This approach leads to a formula that we know as the angle sum formula of sin.

Sin(a+b) = Sin a Cos b + Cos a Sin b

where a and b are angles.

We can replace a and b both as x which gives us,

Sin(x+x) = Sin x Cos x + Cos x Sin x

which can be written as,

Sin(2x)= 2Sin x Cos x

Hence Proved.

Use of Sin2x All Formula

These double angle formulas and to be more precise cos 2x and sin 2x formulas are used in the large problems of integration and differentiation. Apart from pure mathematics, they are also used in real-life problems of height and distance. The simplification of big problems will make it easier for us to solve them. This simplification is done by double angle formulas of cos 2x and sin 2x formula.

Examples Based on sin2x Formula

Question: Find the Value 2sinx sin2x Formula in Terms of Cos.

Answer: We can simplify the given expression by substituting the value of sin 2x. We know that 

Sin (2x) = 2Sin x Cos x

On substituting the value we get,

2sin x sin2x =2sinx 2sinxcosx

2sinxsin2x =4sin2xcosx

Since we need to get this expression in cos we can use the identity Sin2θ + Cos2θ = 1. We get,

2sinxsin2x = 4(1-cos2x)cosx

2sinxsin2x = 4cosx-4cos3x

Question: Find the Value of sin90o. Use the Double Angle Formula For that.

Answer: We know the double angle formula of sin which is the formula of sin2x as 2sinxcosx

In order to find the value of sin90o, we have to use this formula. We can do so by finding the correct value of x.


\[\Rightarrow x=\frac{90^{0}}{2}\]


Now we have got the value of x. Let’s substitute this value into the sin2x formula.

sin(2 x 45o) = 2sin45o cos45o

We know that \[Sin 45^{o}=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\] and \[Cos 45^{o}=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\] Using these values we get,

\[\Rightarrow Sin90^{o}=2\times\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\times\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\]

\[\Rightarrow Sin90^{o}=2\times\frac{1}{2}\]

sin90o = 1

Hence the required value of sin90o is 1.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the 2sinx sin2x Formula?

Answer: Here, we need to find the value of 2sinx sin2x. We know that sin2x=2sinxcosx.

Using this formula in the given expression we get,

2sinx . 2sinxcosx


Hence this is the required result.

2. What is the Cosx 2x Formula? Prove it.

Answer: As proving of sin 2x formula, we can easily prove cos 2x formula. We know the angle sum formula of cos as 


Where a and b are angles.

Now replace a and b from x. We’ll get

cos(x+x)=cosx cosx-sinx sinx

Which gives us


This is the required cos2x formula.