Phosphate Formula

Phosphate Ion Formula

Phosphate formula is more commonly known as the phosphate ion formula. The alternative name of the phosphate ion formula is the orthophosphate formula. The phosphate ion can be defined as the salt of the phosphate ion, the phosphate is located centrally in bond with oxygen atoms. The phosphate formula can be represented as PO4-3. The molecular mass of the compound is 94.9714 g/mol. 

The phosphate ion or orthophosphate are primarily found in association with biological molecules like ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate), DNA, (Deoxyribonucleic acid) GTP (guanine triphosphate), and RNA Ribonucleic acid). The orthophosphate is categorized as, primary phosphate, secondary phosphate, fine-grained rock phosphate. The structural formula of the phosphate ion can be represented as the following.


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Calcium Phosphate Formula

The chemical formula of calcium phosphate can be represented as  Ca3(PO4)2. The calcium phosphate formula suggests that in the compound there are two phosphate ions, three calcium ion Ca2+, and 8 oxygen atoms. Calcium phosphate is generally considered a mineral, they are solid with a white colour appearance. They are generally used in the production of fertilizer and phosphoric acid, they do not have a smell that is they are odourless. The molecular mass of calcium phosphate is 310.174 g/mol. They are also found in association with orthophosphate, pyrophosphate, or metaphosphate ions. The structural formula of calcium phosphate can be represented as


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Sodium Phosphate Formula

The sodium phosphate chemical formula can be represented as Na3PO4. The sodium phosphate is more commonly known as phospho soda. The molecular mass of the sodium phosphate calculated from the sodium phosphate formula is 163.94 g/mol.  These chemical compounds are odourless and are soluble in water. The number of hydrogen bond acceptors is 4. The reaction of this compound with hydrochloric acid gives phosphoric acid, while the reaction of sodium phosphate with calcium chloride provides calcium phosphate. The structural formula of the compound can be represented as


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Potassium Phosphate Formula

Potassium phosp[hate is an umbrella term used for various potassium salts. The chemical formula of potassium phosphate can be represented as K3PO4. The alternative representation of the potassium phosphate formula is K3O4P.  The compound is also known as Tripotassium phosphate, Potassium phosphate tribasic, and Tripotassium orthophosphate. The molecular mass of the compound is 212.266  g/mol. The hydrogen bond donor count of the compound is 4. The structural formula of potassium phosphate can be represented as,


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Ammonium Phosphate Formula

Ammonium phosphate is an inorganic compound, it can be defined as an ammonium salt of orthophosphoric acid.  The ammonium phosphate can be prepared in a lab by using ammonium solution and phosphoric acid. It is made by treating 85% phosphoric acid with 30% ammonia solution. The chemical formula of ammonium phosphate can be represented as. (NH4)3PO4. The physical appearance of the ammonium phosphate can be defined as a colourless crystalline solid. The structural formula of ammonium phosphate is represented as follows


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Aluminium Phosphate Formula

Aluminium phosphate is also known as aluminium monophosphate or mono aluminium phosphate. They are naturally found as minerals called bernilite. The chemical formula of the compound is AlPO4. The chemical formula of the compound suggests that the compound is formed by the anion of phosphate and cation of aluminium. The physical appearance of the chemical compound can be explained as a white crystalline powder. It is also found in an aqueous form. In a liquid state, the compound is a colourless liquid. The compound is insoluble in water. The structural formula of the chemical compound can be shown as


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Conclusion

All the compounds mentioned above have a phosphate group attached to them. The phosphate ions are also termed orthophosphate are generally found in association with biological compounds like ATP, GTP, and DNA but are also found as conjugates of various inorganic compounds. 

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the Uses of Aluminium Phosphate?

Ans- There are several uses of the compound, due to their piezoelectric nature they are widely used in the production of electronics. They are also used in the production of commercially important chemicals.

2. What is the Molecular Mass of Orthophosphate?

Ans- The molecular mass of the compound is 94.9714 g/mol. They are found in association with compounds like ATP and DNA.

3. What is the Use of Sodium Phosphate?

Ans- Sodium phosphate are used as emulsifiers, thickening agents, and leavening agents for baked goods, they are used as pH regulators in the food industry.