Sustainable Development and Organic Farming

Agriculture for Sustainable Development

In the modern age, the increasing population in every sphere is a critical challenge in the sustainable development of our environment. The agricultural system is also affected by pollution. Modern farming techniques (such as the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, etc. to maximize crop yield) disturb the nutrient balance of the soil and reduce the soil fertility. Organic farming is an environment-friendly, animal and plant-based organic resource that enriches nutrients which are required for crop plants. 


Organic agriculture is an efficient and promising agricultural approach for environmental sustainability as it provides yield stability, improves soil health, no environmental concerns, organic food and reduction in the use of synthesized fertilizers.


The Connection Between Sustainable Development and Organic Farming

Organic agriculture does not harm our ecosystem. With the arrival of green and the golden revolution, India became self-reliant and a significant producer of various crops. Output-oriented technologies like HYV seeds, new fertilizers, pesticides, etc were also introduced.


Sustainable development is defined as an economic development conducted without depletion of natural resources. Fundamentally, organic farming is closely related to sustainable development. Organic agriculture is helping us to restore the ecological balance.


Sustainable Development for Agriculture

The production systems and the policies along with the institutions that determine the regulations are inadequate. Healthy ecosystems and sustainable management of land, water, and natural resources while ensuring world food security must be developed with sustainable agriculture. It should ensure profitability, healthy environment and social and economic growth and also meet the needs of present and future generations for its products and services. A global transition to sustainable food and agriculture will require significant improvements in the efficiency of resource use, in environmental protection and systems resilience.


Smart Farming Technologies for Sustainable Agricultural Development

There have been several revolutions in agriculture, starting from the domestication of animals and plants a few thousand years ago to the systematic use of crop rotations and other enhancements in farming practices or the “green revolution” with systematic breeding and the widespread use of human-made fertilizers and pesticides a few decades ago.


Farming practices have now been eased with robotic vehicles like mechanical weeding, application of fertilizer, or harvesting of fruits. Aerial vehicles have been developed with auto flight control along with the ultra-lightweight and powerful snapshot cameras that can be used to calculate biomass development and check the fertilization status of crops, opening the field for farm management advice. Cattle herd management based on remote-sensing signals and sensors or actuators attached to the livestock can be done through virtual fence technologies.


Smart Farming

Smart farming refers to farm management using modern IT technologies to increase the quantity and quality of products while reducing the human labour required for farming. The driving force of smart farming is IoT, which connects intelligent machines and sensors integrated on farms to make farming processes data-driven and data-enabled. IoT (Internet Of Things) refers to the data that can be drawn from things and transmitting it over the internet. IoT devices can fasten the farming process by installing them on a farm, where collecting and processing of data can be done in a repetitive cycle. It enables farmers to react quickly to issues and changes in weather conditions.

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Solved Example on Sustainable Development and Organic Farming


Q1. How Sustainable Development is Achieved Through Organic Farming?

Answer: Organic farming does not use the harmful practices of conventional agriculture like the use of synthetic fertilizers. In essence, organic agriculture is an agricultural technique which sustains, maintains and enhances the quality of the ecosystem. Therefore, it is intimately related to sustainable development.


Q2. Mention the Downsides of Organic Farming.

Answer: The disadvantages of organic farming are as follows:

  • When compared to traditional techniques, organic farming has an output on the lower side. As a result, the yield per hectare of this technique is lower in comparison to traditional ones.

  • The application of organic techniques requires adequate infrastructure and awareness among farmers. But our country is trailing far behind the levels needed in all aspects.

  • The financial matter of organic farming is low relative to conventional agriculture. It makes it unsustainable for small and marginal farmers.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What are the Golden and Green Revolutions?


Green Revolution- The green revolution led to a sudden boom in the agricultural industry of our country. Due to this, we became not only self-sufficient but also a leading producer of food grains. The driving factors of this revolution are the introduction of the HYV seeds, new and effective fertilizers and pesticides, etc. 

Golden Revolution- Golden revolution has been the scenario that brought India on the world map about crops like fruits, vegetables, spices etc. India is now producing different varieties of crops in its backyard due to the golden revolution. In essence. The golden revolution was the precursor of the news that India had established itself in the international horticultural market.

Q2. What is the Need for Organic Farming?


 Organic Farming is essential for the following reasons:

  • Maintaining ecological balance is the main motto of organic farming.

  • The organic outputs are healthier and possess more nutritional value as compared to the traditionally grown counterparts.

  • Organic techniques are more labour intensive. So, it is favourable in countries with an abundance of work like India.

  • Export of organic outputs brings at higher prices as compared to standard agricultural outputs because of their health benefits, and farming is also cheaper and can be grown locally. Effectively, they result in an inflow of adequate foreign currency reserves.

  • Chemical fertilizers and pesticides accumulation degrade soil fertility and lead to soil erosion. On the contrary, organic techniques do not use fertilizers hence are eco-friendly.