In the modern age, the increasing population in every sphere is a critical challenge in the sustainable development of our environment. The agricultural system is also affected by pollution. Modern farming techniques (such as the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, etc. to maximize crop yield) disturb the nutrient balance of the soil and reduce soil fertility. Organic farming is an environment-friendly, animal and plant-based organic resource that enriches nutrients that are required for crop plants. Organic agriculture is an efficient and promising agricultural approach for environmental sustainability as it provides yield stability, improves soil health, no environmental concerns, organic food and reduction in the use of synthesized fertilizers.
The Connection Between Sustainable Development and Organic Farming
Organic agriculture does not harm our ecosystem. With the arrival of green and the golden revolution, India became self-reliant and a significant producer of various crops. Output-oriented technologies like HYV seeds, new fertilizers, pesticides, etc were also introduced. Sustainable development is defined as economic development conducted without depletion of natural resources. Fundamentally, organic farming is closely related to sustainable development. Organic agriculture is helping us to restore the ecological balance.
Sustainable Development for Agriculture
The production systems and the policies along with the institutions that determine the regulations are inadequate. Healthy ecosystems and sustainable management of land, water, and natural resources while ensuring world food security must be developed with sustainable agriculture. It should ensure profitability, a healthy environment and social and economic growth and also meet the needs of present and future generations for its products and services. A global transition to sustainable food and agriculture will require significant improvements in the efficiency of resource use, environmental protection and systems resilience.
Smart Farming Technologies for Sustainable Agricultural Development
There have been several revolutions in agriculture, starting from the domestication of animals and plants a few thousand years ago to the systematic use of crop rotations and other enhancements in farming practices or the “green revolution” with systematic breeding and the widespread use of human-made fertilizers and pesticides a few decades ago. Farming practices have now been eased with robotic vehicles like mechanical weeding, application of fertilizer, or harvesting of fruits. Aerial vehicles have been developed with auto flight control along with ultra-lightweight and powerful snapshot cameras that can be used to calculate biomass development and check the fertilization status of crops, opening the field for farm management advice. Cattle herd management based on remote-sensing signals and sensors or actuators attached to the livestock can be done through virtual fence technologies.
Smart farming refers to farm management using modern IT technologies to increase the quantity and quality of products while reducing the human labor required for farming. The driving force of smart farming is IoT, which connects intelligent machines and sensors integrated on farms to make farming processes data-driven and data-enabled. IoT (Internet Of Things) refers to the data that can be drawn from things and transmitted it over the internet. IoT devices can fasten the farming process by installing them on a farm, where collecting and processing of data can be done in a repetitive cycle. It enables farmers to react quickly to issues and changes in weather conditions.
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Solved Example on Sustainable Development and Organic Farming
How Sustainable Development is Achieved Through Organic Farming?
Answer: Organic farming does not use the harmful practices of conventional agriculture like the use of synthetic fertilizers. In essence, organic agriculture is an agricultural technique that sustains, maintains and enhances the quality of the ecosystem. Therefore, it is intimately related to sustainable development.
Mention the Downsides of Organic Farming?
Answer: The disadvantages of organic farming are as follows: When compared to traditional techniques, organic farming has an output on the lower side. As a result, the yield per hectare of this technique is lower in comparison to traditional ones. The application of organic techniques requires adequate infrastructure and awareness among farmers. But our country is trailing far behind the levels needed in all aspects. The financial matter of organic farming is low relative to conventional agriculture. It makes it unsustainable for small and marginal farmers.
Sustainable development and organic farming is a concept that carries significant weightage in the study of commerce. Sustainable development and organic farming are taught in economics in the commerce stream of class 12, it is taught in schools that follow the curriculum set by the Central Board of secondary education, the concept can be studied in depth in chapter 6 rural development.
After studying sustainable development and organic farming students will be able to understand what rural development is and the various issues that are associated with it, they will have the know-how of The immediate development that needs to take place in rural areas for India’s overall development, order to understand the concept of sustainable development and organic farming students need to have knowledge about the role of credit and marketing systems in rural development which they will be studying in relation to sustainable development and organic farming, students will learn that in order to sustain a livelihood, diversification of productive activities is extremely important, and most importantly they will be able to understand the need of organic farming in sustainable development.
The study material provided on Vedanta‘s website on the topic of sustainable development and organic farming is an extremely important resource for students as it acts as a study guide that students can refer to during or before exams to clear the basic concepts. These notes are very precise and detailed and they are curated according to the needs of the students. The Vedanta team has prepared these notes through extensive research as they are expert teachers in the field of commerce and economics and have years of experience in this field which makes them well-versed in the topic of sustainable development and organic farming. The notes are prepared through a critical analysis of the previous year's question papers and therefore this kind of research makes the study material up to date as the Central Board of secondary education keeps making changes in the curriculum every year. Students don’t need to worry about any details that they might miss as after going through the study notes provided by Vedanta they can get ahead in the exam preparation phase. These study notes provided by Vedantu’s study notes are written in an extremely simplified language which helps students to grasp even the most complex concepts in a much easier and efficient manner, this technique enables them to answer the questions in the exam with ease. The study notes provided by Vedanta on sustainable development and organic farming mainly deal with topics like agriculture for sustainable development, the connection between sustainable development and organic farming, sustainable development for agriculture, smart farming technologies for sustainable agricultural development, and smart farming.
Important concepts related to sustainable development and organic farming-
What is rural development,
credit and marketing in rural areas,
agricultural market system,
emerging alternative marketing channels,
diversification into productive activities,
other alternate livelihood options,
sustainable development and organic farming,
benefits of organic farming