Staffing process helps to select the right person with appropriate skills, qualifications and experience to recruit them in different positions and jobs in an organisation. Staffing means the process of filling and keeping various roles in an organisation filled. In management, it means the process of recruiting the right person at the right place to increase the efficiency of the organisation. An enterprise with an efficient workforce cannot function properly, so staffing helps an enterprise to acquire a workforce.
Staffing is a complicated process, and it involves various steps, It starts with workforce planning, and ends with the proper recruitment of the employees. It also checks the performance of the employees effectively. For successful staffing in an organisation, a manager has to perform various steps of staffing that are as follows:
Planning the Manpower Requirements: The very first steps of staffing are to evaluate the manpower requirement of an organisation to match the job and positions available in the organisation. It also helps in determining the skills and qualifications required for a specific job in the organisation.
Recruitment of Employees: Once the requirement is evaluated, the next step involves the searching of prospective persons that are eligible for the job and inviting applicants to apply for the positions. In this process, the employer advertises about the openings in the organisation through various media, which makes it easy for the applicants to get to know about the job vacancy and the required skills.
Selection of Employees: The selection process helps in screening the employees and identifying the deserving candidate who will be suitable for a specified job. Therefore, it can be said that the main objective of selection is to identify the right employee for the right job.
Orientation and Placement: Once the right candidates are selected, the organisation makes the employees familiar with the working units and working environments through various orientation programs. Then, the placement is done by putting the right candidate at the right place which helps in the proper functioning of the organisation.
Training and Development: Once the placement is done, the next step involves the training and development of employees. Training is an integral part of the staffing process, and it helps the employees to develop their skills and knowledge.
Remuneration to Employees: It is the compensation given to the employees in monetary terms in exchange for the work they do for the organization. It is given according to work done by the employees.
Performance Evaluation: It is an assessment done to evaluate the attitude, behaviour and performance of an employee. These steps of staffing also help in determining the success of the whole recruitment process. It gives the management a clear picture of the success rate of the entire recruitment procedure.
Promotion of Employees: Promotion in simple words means the shifting of an employee to a higher post demanding a more significant responsibility. It not only makes the employee responsible but also keeps him motivated to do his work efficiently. With the promotion, the monetary benefits that the employee receives are also increased, which makes him more efficient to complete the work on time.
Transfer of Employees: As promotion is shifting of the employee to a higher post, transfer refers to the shifting of employees to a different unit or department being on the same position, This is done to develop new skills and knowledge in the employee.
Staffing is a complicated process, so before starting with the staffing process, the manager has to prepare a flowchart to make the whole process easier and effective. He/She should plan and act according to the staffing process flowchart to make the process a success. The flowchart saves a lot of time and makes it easy to complete the selection and recruitment process.
Every organisation needs to have efficient and competent employees to achieve its goals and objectives. Staffing function helps in acquiring such employees for an organization. It not only acquires the employees but also helps in their training and development. The most important feature of methods of staffing in management is that it allows the timely recruitment of the right person in the right place for the efficient working of the organisation.
Q1. What are the Characteristic Features of Staffing?
Ans. Staffing is an important managerial function, and its features are as follows:
Staffing is a universal process and is followed by every organisation in the world.
It is a dynamic and continuous process.
It is a managerial function and is performed by every manager to make the organisation work efficiently.
It is an essential part of the management function.
It involves the utmost utilisation of the human resources of an organisation.
Q2. What is the Importance of Staffing Process in Management?
Ans. These are some of the importance of staffing process in management:
Staffing process in management helps the manager to find and employ the right person at the right place and at the right time.
It helps to increase the efficiency and productivity of an organisation by selecting and providing better training to employees.
It helps in keeping the employees motivated through proper training and development.
Staffing process in management can help maintain peace and discipline among the employees in an organisation.
A proper staffing process can help an organisation achieve its goals and objectives efficiently.