Poverty Alleviation Policies and Programs

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The government introduced poverty alleviation programmes in India 2019 to offer poor masses with food, security, housing and other primary necessities. Removal of poverty has been a priority for them since 1951. The National Sample Survey Office conducts the Planning Commission of India, consumer expenditure surveys under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. Every five years, a plan is renewed to find solutions for removing poverty in India.


This section discusses the programs and initiatives taken by the government to remove the burden of poverty. A student needs to understand the poverty alleviation policy and remember the plans for an in-depth understanding of procedures.


Plans Introduced by Government Throughout the Years

To discuss the government policies in eradicating poverty, a student must know the names of programs introduced. They must know the functions of each of these acts to have all-round information and knowledge.


Some of the renowned policies of poverty alleviation programmes in India 2019 are -


1. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

This scheme is well known as NREGA aims to help the poor and BPL by promoting growth and development. It aids an individual by enhancing the general living standards of rural residents by promoting 100 days off employment opportunities. This is offered to adults belonging to a   household interested in performing an unskilled form of labour.


This scheme was introduced on February 2, 2006, in different phases. This scheme holds an exceptional value due to its employment generating facility.


2. Pradhan Mantri Sadak Yojna

PMGSY launched on December 25, 2002, in order to construct roads that connect an urban area to rural areas. It is a centrally sponsored scheme that aims to build high-quality roads. This aided in generating employment for rural masses and their transportation development.


3. Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna

This plan was launched in 2001 by the unification of two important schemes EAS and JGSY. Its objective is to offer food security and employment to the residents of rural areas. This scheme also helped in the production of long-standing assets for the community. This program aids poor masses mostly emphasising on SCs, women, STs, and parents of children inhibited from dangerous industries.


4. Indira Aawas Yojna

This scheme offers states with shelter facilities and development options. Ideally, people belonging to below poverty line get this facility. This scheme was made to provide accommodation for the poor and convert Kachha houses into pakka ones.


5. Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojana

Also known as JGSY, it was launched in 1999, aiming to create infrastructure living options in rural areas in a demand-driven way. It was aimed at the village community and their development. Moreover, it helped in creating employment options for the rural population based on skill. The village panchayat usually controls it.


The poverty alleviation programmes in India 2019 deals with multiple plans for the betterment of the country and its people. To score well in this chapter, a student must refer to quality books and research papers for overall development.


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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the Programs Adopted by the Government to Help the Elderly, Poor and Women?

Ans. With an agreement to Directive Principles of State Policy, the Government of India introduced the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) in 1995. This was done to help the poor, elderly and weak women. It aims to ensure a lesser standard for social assistance to benefit those states offering aid in future.


Today, NSAP comprises five different schemes for below poverty level people. These schemes are - Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS), National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS), Annapurna, Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS), Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS).

2. What is the Relationship Between Unemployment and Poverty?

Ans. There is a strong relationship between poverty and unemployment which affects the economy of a country.  Unemployment and fickle nature of work drive jobless people into helplessness as they don't own resources. As this leads them to poverty and debts, where employment opportunities will aid people into security. 


It also leads to a rise in people's income which also helps in reducing poverty. Moreover, unemployment stops people from availing necessities. These provisions include education, health facilities, proper sanitation, etc. Removing issues like inadequate human capital and skills lead to the removal of the vicious circle of poverty.

3. Define How Income Creation of Income Affects the Problem of Poverty.

Ans. The issue of poverty is a bigger problem that cannot be solved quickly, just by offering food grains or clothes. Government has to take severe actions and make laws for systematic eradication of poverty. For this issue to be removed, low individuals have to come forward and try harder for growth and development.


This can also be done by offering income-generating solutions and assets too low in the form of housing, agricultural land, equipment for income or proper training. This will help a BPL person to stand on his capability rather than depending on others.


Again, participating in economic activities makes an individual irrespective of gender be empowered in order to sharpen the skill, literacy rate and health.