Organic Farming

Agriculture in India is exposed to the interference of several environmental issues such as climate change, global warming, preservation of soil, water and air agents, etc. 

These forces compel the agricultural sectors of our country to find innovative modes of production which are more respectful towards Nature. Search for such newer techniques and methods led to the idea of organic farming to be used as an alternative to the current agricultural operations. 

Various types of organic farming are cited in all the scenarios of ‘Agriculture Energy 2030 Prospective’. These are classified as the essential elements to reduce the total energy footprint of the agriculture industry of India. 


What is Organic Farming Definition?

In order to define organic farming, the current agricultural strategy needs to be discussed first. Such strategy involves repeated use of fertilisers, chemicals, pesticides which degrades the quality of crops for the commercial benefits by increasing the units of production. 

According to experts, such actions will take its toll and will have a notable effect in the health conditions of the consumer as well as the fertility of the land used as agricultural lands.

The definition of organic farming states that it is an agricultural technique which sustains, improves and maintains the standard of quality of our ecosystem. 

Organic farming is a mode of farming where the production of crops is done without using any synthetic chemicals, recycled inorganic fertilisers, other harmful substance such as pesticides, insect repellents, etc.

 

What is Organic Farming Meaning?

In simple terms, the meaning of organic farming is that it is a farming process where use of fertilisers and pest control means are created or acquired from organic materials. Such a process does not enforce a harmful and degrading effect on our environment. 

All operators who are engaged in such type of agricultural process comply with the strict particulars which favour non-polluting farming and thereby respect the ecosystem and its residents.


What is the Relevance of Organic Farming?

The current agricultural system in most countries primarily focuses on the production output. The Indian agricultural sector remained self-reliant during the emergence of the green and golden revolution. It also launched multiple farming techniques, such as HYV seeds, fertilisers and pesticides, which adopted advanced technology to focus heavily on the generated output.

  • Green Revolution

During the time of famines, the green revolution helped a lot in leading to a drastic rise in the stock of food grains in India. Our country not only managed to remain self-sufficient but also became one of the top producers of food grains across the continent and beyond. 

Our country introduced HYV seeds, pesticides and fertilisers created with the help of adept scientific research, in an effort to increase productivity by a significant amount. This was one of the driving factors of the green revolution, which subsequently helped India to become one of the leading producers of rice and wheat across the globe.

Task for you: Find out when the Green Revolution was introduced in India. Also, find out which were the primary grain types that were chosen to battle a dwindling supply?

  • Golden Revolution

The golden revolution was essential for our country’s agricultural sector to establish itself in the horticulture market on an international scale. During the time this revolution took place, the Indian agricultural industry began to produce horticulture crops such as fruits, vegetables, spices, herbs, etc. 

Hence, owing to this revolution, the farming process now involved an increase in the variety of crops produced and thereby improving the industry as a whole, substantially. 

Task for you: Who led the core groups overseeing the Golden Revolution? What were some milestones achieved during that period?

This is how the green revolution and the golden revolution resulted in a drastic change in the history of Indian agriculture and secured our country from the possibility of further famines. 


Environmental Impact

However, such farming processes eventually led to severe deterioration of our environment. Organic farming was introduced as a solution to environmental impact which are increasing each passing day for the over-use of harmful chemical, pest control tools and synthetic and inorganic fertilisers. 

In other terms, this form of agricultural process is an innovative system of farming which helps substantially to repair, maintain and enhance ecological balance.

Hence, it can be concluded that the scope of organic farming in India to bring in more profits is quite high as lesser pollutants in our environment will help to yield top-quality crops which will, in turn, generate higher revenue. 

Moreover, since organic farming requires fertilisers and pesticides to be made of biodegradable elements, the cost of production will also be comparatively lower.

Check your Progress –

  1. What is the primary objective of organic farming?

  1. Promote eco-friendly farming

  2. Produce more crops

  3. Both

  1. None of the above

  1. What kind of seeds were used for high yield during the green revolution?

  1. HVY seeds

  2. HYV seeds

  3. VYH seeds

  4. VHY seeds


What do you Understand from the Concept of Organic Farming?

As per the definition of organic farming, it is clear that the objective of organic farming is for the betterment of the ecosystem. Moreover, organic farming is also the answer to the search for sustainable development in the Indian agricultural sector without resulting in depletion of natural resources, which will surely help us to restore the country’s ecological balance.

According to a recent analysis on 50 and above types of crops grown in about 15 countries across five continents, substantial data was received to judge the longevity of the financial stability surrounding organic farming. 

Data suggested that there are multiple factors which affect the financial elements behind organic farming. These include – 

  1. Production yield

  2. Labour expenses

  3. Price of premiums for biodegradable products

  4. Affordability of going through a phase of reduced earnings during the transition from traditional farming to organic farming

  5. Cost-saving potential from lesser use of non-renewable resources and their accessory tools and machinery

Based on all these factors, analysts conducted a cost-benefit study which proved that organic farming is comparatively more profitable than traditional agricultural processes. 

Data also showcased the fact that the labour cost for proper usage for mechanical pest control and other approaches such as weeding, marketing and selling of biodegradable products was comparatively higher than conventional agricultural systems. 


Cost - Benefit Analysis of Organic Farming

The cost-benefit analysis indicates that the economic advantages of organic farming help to offset these costs and thereby incur a higher overall profit. The price premiums and lesser requirements of expensive fertilisers and pesticides make up for the increased labour costs of implementing such a kind of farming process.

Moreover, this analysis also helped to determine that the labour-intensive features of organic farming techniques possess the potential to revitalise the economic condition of rural sectors of the country. Hence, organic farming benefits can help in redistributing agricultural resources in rural areas and therein promote financial stability through various openings in employment.

Another important data derived from the above cost-benefit analysis stated that several organic farmers depend primarily on the production of one or more crops in search of a steady source of income. 

Hence, organic farming can also help our country’s agricultural sectors to encourage production of multiple types of crops simultaneously.


Importance of Organic Farming

From the above discussion regarding the cost-benefit analysis of organic farming techniques and the traditional forms of agricultural processes implemented throughout the years help us to realise the importance and benefits of organic farming. 

The importance of such a kind of agricultural technique is summarised in these points mentioned below –

  1. Organic Farming Helps to Maintain Ecological Balance

The most important factor of organic farming is its strength to maintain ecological balance. The environment that humans survive in is affected each and every day with harmful ingredients. This affects the ecological system, which in turn brings hazardous effects on our daily lives that most are unable to recognise. 

Organic farming uses biodegradable products which do not harm the Earth’s soil compared to conventional agricultural methods. So, this farming process is essential in maintaining the ecological balance. 

  1. This Farming Technique is Cost-Effective

According to a cost-benefit analysis portrayed above, organic farming techniques require increased costs on labour expenses. Since, mechanical pest control along with other methods that need constant labour is a primary feature of organic farming, initially overall expenses may seem to be comparatively higher than traditional agricultural methods.

However, the price premiums and lesser use of expensive agricultural fertilisers and pest control tools make organic farming processes more cost-effective than conventional agricultural techniques. 

  1. Use of Biodegradable Items Improves Production Quality

Organic farming acknowledges use of biodegradable items which act as stronger fertilisers than the synthetic fertilisers used in traditional farming methods. 

Synthetic chemicals used in these fertilisers can help in producing an increased number of crops, but they come at a huge price, i.e. degradation in quality of the produced crops. 

In case of organic farming, biodegradable elements which are formed mostly by the remains of the dead plants and animals not only help to improve the fertility of the soil but also enhances the quality of the produced crops.

  1. Promotes Increased Amount of Organic Products

Organic farming also promotes increased production of eco-friendly items in the market. This will help to decrease the production of toxic, harmful chemicals that are the primary source of pollutants affecting our environment at a large scale. 

Fewer requirements of inorganic items will lead to lesser use of these harmful elements amongst the general public which in turn will save our environment from further pollution.

  1. Organic Farming has a High Export Yield

Since use of biodegradable elements help to increase the quality of produced crops substantially, they possess more nutritional value compared to those produced through traditional farming methods. 

Hence, these crops yield a substantial export value for their improved health benefits thereby indicating the organic farming importance in an increased inflow of foreign currency reserves of India.

  1. Work Alongside IT to Enhance Sustainable Development

Organic farming is deemed to bring sustainable development in the agricultural sector of India and Information Technology, a branch of software engineering, is one of the important domains which provide significant help in the implementation of the guidelines and fundamentals of sustainable development. 

Information Technology helps us all to be aware of the various vulnerabilities and downsides of a large stretch of cultivable land and the most suitable crops which can grow in that land without hampering the quality of the soil.

Hence, organic farming can work along with IT services to avail the production of the finest quality of crops possible in India. Information Technology services are capable of providing essential information to the agricultural sectors of our country, about the current condition of the cultivable land and several crops which have been grown previously in it. 

Moreover, IT services can also provide substantial help in gathering information about the climate and weather changes, soil conditions, presence of toxicity in chemical compositions, etc. An adept research on these parameters with the help of IT services can help to improve the process of organic farming. 

Finally, IT services can also help in making the agricultural sector aware of emerging technology which can be adopted to increase production efficiency and thereby generate higher revenue.  


Types of Organic Farming

Organic farming can be broadly categorised into two types, which are –

  1. Pure Organic Farming

Pure organic farming corresponds to those types of farming methods where all kinds of unnatural, toxic, harmful chemicals are avoided. In such processes of agricultural methods, the fertiliser and pest control chemicals are obtained from natural and biodegradable sources, such as green manures, cow dung, dead remains of plants and animals, etc.

  1. Integrated Organic Farming

Integrated organic farming corresponds to those types of farming methods where certain synthetic elements are used to form pesticides and fertilisers. 


Advantages and Disadvantages of Organic Farming

The various advantages of organic farming are explained with the help of these points mentioned below –

  1. Economic Benefits

Among the multiple organic farming advantages, the most important element is its economic benefits. There is no requirement of expensive fertiliser and pest control tools, HYV seeds for production of crops. 

Although, the expense on labour is comparatively higher than traditional agricultural methods, the reduced costs of price premiums, biodegradable fertilisers, etc. make up for the increased costs of labour and bring in greater amounts of profit. 

  1. High Return on Investment

Since bio-degradable fertilisers are comparatively cheaper than synthetic ones and are easier to find in adequate quantities and quality, farmers partaking in organic cultivation can hope to make a high return on investment.

  1. Eco-Friendly

Organic farming and its advantages include a strict usage of non-toxic fertilisers and pesticides which are free of harmful chemical composition. The primary objective of such an agricultural process is to not add to the increasing pollutants in the environment.

Organic farming not only leads to less water and soil pollution but also has an indirect contribution in reducing emission of greenhouse gases. This indicates how much eco-friendly organic farming is compared to traditional agricultural methods.

  1. Quality Produce

Another advantage of implementing organic cultivation of crops is that the produce is always of the top quality. Since this agricultural method only involves use of natural resources for making fertilisers, the crops produced contain several health benefits for its multiple nutritional values.

Check your Progress –

  1. Is this an advantage of implementing organic farming?

  1. Eco-friendly farming

  2. High quality yield

  3. High quantity yield

  4. Both i & ii

The various disadvantages of organic farming are explained with these points mentioned below –

  • Lesser Output

One of the most important organic farming disadvantages is production of relatively lesser outputs. Even though such type of farming offers top quality crops but they are produced in comparatively lesser quantities than conventional cultivation methods.

  • Requires Proper Infrastructure

Organic farming and its disadvantages include requirement of proper infrastructure and adept knowledge of this kind of cultivation. So, several farmers who are not financially able or are unable to grasp the working principle often fails to master this kind of agriculture process.

  • Shorter Longevity of Farming Inputs

The biodegradable fertilisers used for organic farming, which are obtained from natural resources, have limited longevity.

This means that if these farming inputs are not used within a limited period, they will not be usable and will eventually rot away. In contrast, synthetic fertilisers used in conventional farming methods have a longer expiry date.

To know more about organic farming, as well as other topics, go through our extensive collection of study materials. Vedantu’s study material on this chapter will help you fetch top marks in the upcoming exams! We also offer study materials in other languages, for example, you can consult a digitised version of organic farming Tamil books on visiting our official website.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What do you Mean by Organic Farming?

Ans. Organic farming is a type of agricultural method which sustains, improves and maintains the balance of our ecosystem.

2. What is Meant by Organic Farming?

Ans. Organic farming means a farming process which is completed without the use of any inorganic materials. This leaves no adverse effect on nature and surroundings.

3. What are the Advantages of Organic Farming?

Ans. The advantages of organic farming are substantial economic benefits, high ROI, eco-friendly nature of cultivation and production of fine quality crops.

4. What are the Types of Organic Farming?

Ans. There are two types of organic farming, pure and integrated organic farming.Organic Farming