Details of Ledger Posting
Children are always taught by their parents about the significance and effectiveness of keeping track of the money spent. It will be easier if whatever transactions, income, expenditure, profit, loss, bank statements and all are recorded, categorized and “shelved” by each individual for being financially constructive.
In industrial or professional settings, such recordings gain utmost prominence since money matters a lot, as so is equivalent properties.
Here, the ledger comes to play.
The word “Ledge” means “shelf”. And from there the word “Ledger” was derived.
Ledger is basically a record of such important transactions that take place. A deeper look at ledger and ledger posting is discussed here.
The way towards bookkeeping contains a few significant advances. Initially, we need to ledger all exchanges in a particular configuration in an accounting journal. Following that, we need to move these individual entries to ledger accounts. Accountants allude to this procedure as ledger posting.
Features of Ledger
Some of the features of a ledger account are:
The first significant attribute of the ledger is the order of monetary exchanges. The purpose of ledger accounts is to characterize the exchange into accounts. The ledger contains various accounts. Every budgetary exchange is grouped into these accounts.
The ledger contains all accounts such as purchase account, sales account and so forth. In other words, the ledger is a book or register, which contains all accounts. Accounts are opened in the ledger both at the hour of the beginning of business (desire bases) and during the year (need bases).
One of the features of the ledger in accounting is holding applicable data in a single spot. For instance, the exchange with client A can be found in the general ledger of Mr A. This account would mirror all the exchanges of Mr A.
Among other features of the ledger, optimizing data is the one. This is extremely useful for mistake rectification. For instance, when a purchase is exaggerated, at that point in a perfect world, the bookkeeper would survey the purchase accounts following the slip-up.
PreparationTrial Balance is removed from the closing balance of General Ledger. In this way, the ledger assumes a significant job in the readiness of fiscal reports. Trial balance extraction is the initial move towards the arrangement of budget reports with both journal entry and ledger entry.
General Ledger and Subsidiary Ledger
The general ledger is utilized by small scale associations and contains all accounts of budgetary things, while auxiliary ledgers are kept in the huge association as a memorandum ledger which contains the individual account of clients and creditors. General ledger likewise contains total accounts for these things. These were some of the features of the ledger.
Importance of Ledger
The importance of ledger is described in the following:
Figuring of Profit/Loss: Its planning is an inescapable advance for any association for computing the situation of profit or loss in their business since it is difficult to make further accounts without getting ready pertinent ledgers.
The Definite Situation of an Account: It refers to the situation of the accounts whether they have a remarkable or owing balance at the hour of shutting the ledger.
Time Saver: As all the entries are recorded in one spot, it gets simpler and efficient while getting further accounts ready, for example, trading, profit and loss accounts.
Imperative: One importance of ledger is that it encourages in keeping up the rightness or precision of the exchanges held during the life expectancy of the organization.
Advantages of Ledger
Some of the advantages of the ledger are:
It is the ledger through which effective use of the double-entry system of accounting is guaranteed. Every single transaction is partitioned into two sections – collector and supplier – and recorded in the two concerned accounts in the ledger.
Exchanges identifying with various people or concerns are recorded in the account of every individual or concern independently. Therefore, complete and reliable data is accessible in regard to every single account.
Various kinds of income and expenses are recorded in various accounts independently. Thus, it is conceivable to learn the measure of income and expenditure under each head and the general outcome at the year-end through trading and profit and loss accounts.
A separate account is opened for every detail of assets and liabilities. It is, in this manner, conceivable to find out the estimation of various assets and liabilities and the genuine budgetary situation at the year end through the company balance sheet.
Exchanges being recorded in the journal last longer in the ledger and the chances of mistakes and defalcations are distant.
One of the advantages of a ledger includes that significant data and measurements are gathered from the ledger and provided to the administration to empower them to run the whole thing proficiently.
Disadvantages of ledger
There are chances of the ledger being totally unsafe if someone else gets access to the book or system file. If the user is careful, then the ledger is way safer.
You will have to keep a constant eye on the ledger files as they can contain very serious and sensitive files along with other such information.
Ledger depends on the transaction data entered in it. If an error occurs in the transaction data, the entire results will have an error and will thus become undependable.
The ledger will take a lot of users’ time and energy. It is also difficult as we have to keep a check if our records are safe or not, also.
The provided information is totally useful for the students and will give a clear understanding of the ledger and ledger posting.
FAQs on Ledger Posting
1. What is Ledger Posting?
Ledger posting is transferring debit and credit items from journal entries into their separate accounts. To do this we should initially guarantee that everything contains a different account. While posting entries, the account which has been debited in the journal entry must be charged in the ledger also. In any case, we need to refer to the name of the other account.
The account which is credited in the journal entry is recorded on the credit side of the ledger. However, the reference is given to the next account in the entry. It is standard to make reference to the words "To" and "By" as a prefix before debited and credited accounts individually.
2. What is meant by Ledger Balance?
A ledger balance is processed by a bank towards the finish of every business day and incorporates all withdrawals and deposits to figure the aggregate sum of cash in a financial balance. The ledger balance is the opening balance in the bank account in the morning and continues as before throughout the day.
The ledger balance is additionally frequently alluded to as the current balance and is not the same as the available balance in an account. In banking and bookkeeping, the ledger balance is utilized in the reconciliation of book balances.
3. What are the different types of ledgers found?
There are three types of ledgers.
(i) Sales Ledger
(ii) Purchase ledger
(iii) General ledger
Sales ledger - This type of ledger gives an overview of the sale earnings and income invoices. A sales ledger is kept by the company to maintain transactions regarding product sales, or services provided to the customers.
Purchase ledger - Purchase ledger gives us an idea about how much money in total they have invested for the business in the purchase aspect. It keeps all the recordings of transactions of purchasing goods, facilities, items and services.
General ledger - General ledger contains all of every possible category of transaction recordings in it. It is divided into a private ledger and a nominal ledger. The nominal ledger records how much money has gone for expenses, income, insurance etc while the private ledger keeps accounts of salary, capital and all.
4. What is the importance of a ledger?
Some important aspects of the ledger includes:
The information recorded in the ledger is stored permanently. So we can easily check it whenever necessary.
Due to the proper arrangement of categories, it becomes easy to find the necessary information from the ledger.
Mathematical precision is attained in the data with the ledger.
Ledger protects the data from being subject to fraud and other malpractices as there is proper organization and appropriate space for everything.
The Double-Entry Accounting System in edger helps us to have an absolute account of the organization.
5. What are the rules followed to prepare a ledger?
The rules to be followed in order to create a ledger are:
An individualized name must be given to the ledger title.
The left and right side of the ledger is marked as debit and credit respectively.
The balance in the account of the previous monthlies will be taken as the opening balance of the current one.
The respective debit and credit data will be entered based on the nature of the cards and calculations on the balance amount will be done.
The journal page number should be written in the given column for the same.