Investigation Vs Auditing

Difference Between Auditing and Investigation

Auditing is the process of reviewing the book of accounts of a certain entity and reporting on it. An investigation is considered to be an enquiry which is conducted for establishing a specific truth or fact about that entity. The difference between auditing and investigation is explained vividly in the below table - 

Basis for Comparison




General Investigation

A critical and in-depth investigation 


The nature of the evidence is persuasive

The evidence is unquestionable

Time Horizon


As per requirement

Performed by

Chartered accountant









The shareholders of the company appoint an auditor.

The management or investors or a third party appoints an investigator.


Seeks to form an opinion on the financial report.

Seeks to answer the questions in the engagement letter. 

These were the difference between investigation and auditing.

Auditing and Investigation


Auditing is an unprejudiced and efficient assessment of the financial statement of a substance to offer input on evident and reasonable view. The word financial statement may incorporate Balance Sheets with Notes to Accounts, Income Statement and Cash Flow Statement. The term element alludes to any association whether it is profit-making or a magnanimous organization. Size and structure of the element are likewise unessential. 

The essential goal of auditing is to discover and report the level of precision and dependability of the financial statements of an element. Moreover, it guarantees that whether the substance methodically keeps up the books of records, documents and vouchers or not. The auditor plays out the audit procedure. The auditor looks for the accompanying three imperatives of the fiscal summaries: 

  • The arrangement of the financial statement depends on acceptable accounting approaches and its reliable application. 

  • Important Regulations are being followed while setting them up. 

  • Every material, in reality, is unmistakably unveiled in the financial statement.


An exertion made to discover the realities behind a specific circumstance to find the fact of the matter is known as Investigation. 

For a business association, auditing and investigation go hand in hand. Investigation infers that a composed, detailed and basic assessment of the books of records and transaction records (over a wide period) of a substance, directed for a particular reason or to uncover a reality or to build up reality with the assistance of proof. The most widely recognized strategies utilized during the time spent investigation are searching, perception, cross investigation, inquiry, investigation, and so on.

Investigation in Auditing

Investigation in Auditing comprises the counteraction, recognition and measurement of extortion, tax evasion, dread account and debasement. Investigation in Auditing includes the assessment of records and the utilization of bookkeeping techniques to find money-related inconsistencies and to follow the movement of assets and funds all through associations.

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Types of Investigation in Auditing

Some of the common types of investigation in auditing are:

  • Acquisition of companies

  • Purchase of business

  • Prospective investments

  • Admission of new partners

  • Fraud

  • Systems breakdown

  • Prospective lending

  • Company Acts Investigations

There are certain procedures for conducting these types of investigation in auditing which are:

  1. Determination of Nature and Scope: The directions of the clients in regards to nature, degree and objective ought to be acquired in certain and unambiguous terms. If the directions are unclear, they may make disarray and issues during the investigation. The directions should cover the territory of the investigation, the motivation behind the investigation and the period to be researched.

  2. Formulation of Investigation Programme: The finding of the previous steps will choose the further course of the investigation. While figuring the auditing and investigation programme, the wide degree and limits are to be resolved. The rundown of records and reports to be confirmed are to be resolved at this stage keeping the goal and motivation behind the investigation intact.

  3. Conduct of Investigation: An intensive investigation, i.e., assessment of different records and archives and assessment of different people of the worry, identifying with the investigation region are to be directed. At each stage, the agent may choose the further course of investigation dependent on the conditions and different discoveries.

  4. Investigation Report: The investigator may respond to every one of his discoveries, break down all the supporting reports and explanations, completely look at the investigation records and make inferences. At the same time, he should have a receptive outlook, free from pre-imagined thoughts.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is the investigation in Auditing?

Ans: An Investigation in auditing is a detailed assessment of records and enquiry into the situation of the business or for a particular reason. Difference between investigation and auditing does not matter here as it includes the way toward investigating, gathering and introducing realities in a way which empowers the gatherings to realize the basic realities in regards to the issue under enquiry. The investigation covers more than one financial period and the programme relies upon each sort of investigation.

Q2. What are the objectives of investigative Auditing?

Ans: The objectives of investigative auditing include:

  • Identification of suspects

  • Quantification of damages

  • Determination of damages

  • Identification of financial activity

  • Prevention of damage

  • Tracing of financial assets

Q3. What are the contents of Investigations Report?

Ans: The investigation report is drafted by the investigators. The report usually contains:

  1. The reason and scope of the investigation. 

  2. The period secured by the investigation. 

  3. The terms of investigation concerning the composed directions of the client. 

  4. The different confinements observed by the investigator that may substantially influence the end, ought to be referenced. 

  5. The supposition frames the premise of investigation. The supposition ought not to invalidate the very point of the investigation. 

  6. The investigation report ought to contain headings, with subheadings, outlines, charts, and so on. 

  7. Conclusion of the investigator ought to be expressed is clear and certain terms.

  8. The supporting documents and information might be introduced as reference sections to report.

There can be other observations too made by the investigator in the report.