A bailout is a term which refers to extending financial support to a company or a country which is facing a potential threat of bankruptcy. The need for a bailout arises due to financial crises or national emergencies which affect the country or certain industries. The reason to be loud is to provide support to the government for industries which may be affecting millions of people and can be on the verge of bankruptcy because of the financial crisis. The bailout is a given to overcome the economic condition.
Financial Industry Bailout
During the global financial crisis of 2008, the government of the United States offered one of the most massive bailouts in history. It was given to rescue the financial institution from the loss in the subprime mortgage market, which further resulted in the credit crisis. It is also referred to as the congress financial crisis. The bailout was granted in the form of the Emergency Economic Stabilisation Act of 2008, which created the troubled asset relief programme for allowing the US treasury department to spend $700 billion for purchasing toxic assets from the balance sheet of the financial institutions. The bailout by the government was provided to overcome the congress financial crisis or the sub-prime crisis.
Global Financial Crisis
Government Financial Bailout
It is a situation where the government lends or pays money to save a company or an industry from the verge of bankruptcy. It is done to overcome the situation of the financial crisis and to revamp the economic conditions. These are the companies that have an influential market share and need a capital injection to overcome the crisis. For bailouts, it is not necessary for the failing company to repay the amount which is lent to them. Also, interest-free or interest-bearing repayment may also be made possible.
Amazon Bailout Future Retail
In 2019, Amazon invested 200 million dollars in the future group for a stake of 9.82% in the retail business. In this deal, a non-compete clause forbids the Future Group from selling its retail asset to any other firm. But during the Covid pandemic, Future Group was affected badly and decided to sell some of its assets to Reliance Retail. This led to the issue being approached by the court. Later, Future Retail was made available by the financial support of Rs.7000 crore as a bailout lower than Reliance Industries Ltd's offer. But Future Retail formally rejected this offer as it said that there was no clarity on when this bailout will come.
A bailout which is also known as capital injection is the financial support given to overcome stressed financial obligations. The bailout is given to overcome any substantial jump in the economic condition. The complete collapse of the financial system can be avoided by means of a loud and insolvent situation. However, anticipated financial bailouts can encourage a moral hazard by encouraging people to take more risks in financial transactions because they are well aware that when things go wrong, government financial bailouts will help them to support and help them meet their obligations.