Factors of Production Entrepreneur

Factors of Production

In this article, we will answer the fundamental question of “what are the factors of production?” Let’s begin by understanding the meaning of factors of production. Factors of production definition can be highlighted as resources used by people to produce goods and services as the building blocks of the economy. Things that are used to produce commodities are called inputs. For example, to produce rice, a farmer uses commodities like soil, tractor, water and so on. These inputs are classified into two types namely primary input and secondary input. In primary input, the services are rendered, wherein secondary input is merged into the commodities for which they are used.


Four Factors of Production

If we observe from the above example tractor, soil, tools and farmer services are considered as primary inputs whereas water, pesticides, seeds, etc. are merged into the commodities which come under secondary inputs. Primary inputs are also called factors of input, secondary inputs are known as non-factor inputs. The type of economic system is decided by the ownership of factors of production. 


So what are the four factors of production? In a capitalistic economy, the factors are owned by the individuals who use them for their profit. The four factors of production are:


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1. Land as a Factor of Production

It mainly refers to all the natural resources which are in nature. The land has a broad definition and as one of the four factors of production, it includes various things like agricultural land to commercial real estate. All the natural resources from oil to gold can be extracted from the land. The land used by farmers increases the land value and its utility. If we take an example a tech company can easily use land with zero investment, whereas it is most important for a real estate venture. Therefore, even though the land is an essential component for most of the ventures, its significance can be increased or decreased based on the industry.


2. Labour as a Factor of Production

It is defined as human efforts that have been put both mentally and physically to earn an income is called labour as a factor of production. Labour refers to the effort put by an individual to bring the product into the market. It can be in various forms like, the construction work near a building site is part of labour, the receptionist who enrols the list, and the waiter who serves the customers comes under labour, etc. Land comes under passive factors whereas labour comes under active factors. It is the labour that is required to get the product into the market. Land and Labour are called primary elements among the four factors of production.


3. Capital as a Factor of Production

In economics, capital refers to money. All the man-made goods which are used for the production of income in the future come under capital. A point to remember here, money is not a factor of production as it is not directly involved in the production. As a factor of production, capital involves the purchase of goods made with money in production. Let us take an example: Tractor purchased for farming is called capital, chairs desks in the office come under capital. In the factors of production, it is important to distinguish between personal and private capital. A person's vehicle which is used to transport for a family doesn't come under capital goods.


4. Entrepreneur as a Factor of Production

An entrepreneur is a person who organizes all the other factors and is willing to undertake any risk that arises due to this process. So how do entrepreneurs use the factors of production? Entrepreneurship is the thing that combines all the other factors of production. It is a drive to develop an idea into a business. An entrepreneur acts as a boss and takes care of the business. Let us take an example, At the start of the social media platform Facebook, CEO Mark Zuckerberg calculated the risk of success and failure of his social media network in the developing stages. In the initial stage, he coded himself and he is the labour for it, with its success, he decided to build a company and then he needed labour. So, he started hiring employees.

 

Solved Example

1. Which is a Factor of Production that brings all the factors together?

Ans: The entrepreneur is a factor of production that brings all the factors together. An entrepreneur is a person who organizes all the other factors and is willing to undertake any risk that arises in the process. Entrepreneurship is the thing that combines all the other factors of production. It is a drive to develop an idea into a business. An entrepreneur acts as a boss and takes care of the business.


Did You know?

Few economists think that there are only two factors of production of land and labour. The land they assert is appropriated from gifts of nature by human labour and entrepreneur is merely a special sort of labour. Therefore, the primary factors of production are Land and Labour, whereas the secondary factors of production are capital and entrepreneurs.

FAQs on Factors of Production Entrepreneur

1. Define Primary Factors of Production with example?

The land has a broad definition as a factor of production it includes various things like agricultural land to commercial real estate. The land is used by the farmers to increase the land value and its utility. If we take an example of a tech company, it can easily use land with zero investment, whereas it is most important for a real estate venture. The other factor of production i.e. Labour is defined as human efforts put both mentally and physically to earn an income. Labour refers to the effort put by an individual to bring the product into the market.

2. Define Secondary Factors of Production with example?

In economics, capital refers to money. All the manmade goods, which are used for the production of income in the future, come under capital. Let us take an example: Tractor purchase for farming is called capital, chairs desks in the office come under capital. An entrepreneur is a person who organizes all the other factors and is willing to undertake any risk that arises in the process. Entrepreneurship is the thing that combines all the other factors of production. An entrepreneur acts as a boss and takes care of the business.

3. Are all factors equally important?

Factors of production is an economic term that is used for defining the inputs required for the production of any goods or services to make a profit. The main factors of production are land, labour, entrepreneurship, and capital. Depending upon the requirement and context some factors however might be more important than others. An example, for a company producing hand-stitched garments, labour is an important factor as compared to other factors for producing materials. If there is an organisation that works for the rental property business, then capital is the important factor. Hence, as and when the demands of the business will keep increasing and changing, the factors of production also evolve simultaneously to help the company make the maximum profit and sustain in the market.

4. What are the examples of factors of production?

Factors of production is the input required for producing any goods or services that help the company to make a profit. There are four main factors of production which are land, labour, entrepreneurship, and capital. Land refers to the physical area, that is how many acres, on which city block the company must be situated. Labour refers to the people working on wages, retailers, suppliers and the people who associate the work done by exchanging wages. Entrepreneurship refers to the initiative taken by businessmen, investors or entrepreneurs who initially begin the work and plan an idea to set up and manage the company. Lastly capital means the cash flow, investments and assets that are required for a business to grow and survive in the market.

5. What are the characteristics of an entrepreneur as a factor of production?

The four factors of production are land, labour, capital, and entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship is the factor that brings together all the other factors of production while working. Characteristics of entrepreneur as a factor of production are as follows:

  1. Entrepreneurship provides all the other factors of production such as land, labour and capital that is required for any organisation to work. 

  2. Entrepreneurs must have the ability to take on the other company within a single idea and a good workforce.

  3. The entrepreneurs provide employment opportunities to the people that help in the economic development of the region. 

  4. The entrepreneurs believe in bringing in change and hence take the risk for bringing in new ideas and establishing new projects that might work. 

This was all about factors of production as an entrepreneur. You can access more such resources on the Vedantu website for State Board, CBSE, ICSE, and competitive examinations.

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