Elements of Direction - Leadership

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What is the Direction?

Directing is a significant part of every organisation. It refers to the process of instructing, guiding, and overseeing people's work. It helps people work effectively and efficiently towards the achievement of the organisational goals and objectives. The direction does not include a single activity but is a group of multiple functions. It provides supervision, communication, leadership and motivation. Management involves overseeing subordinates at work and supervising them. 

Communication refers to the process of exchanging ideas and information to create understanding. Motivation means inspiring people to work with confidence. Leadership refers to guiding and influencing people to do in the desired direction.

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What is Leadership?

Leadership refers to the process of motivating and inspiring people to work. It is essential for the realisation of an organisation’s goals. It includes influencing people to work for the achievement of a plan or objective. It involves creating an inspiring vision for the future. 

Leadership plays a vital role in direction. A good leadership integrates the interests of an organisation with the personal goals of its workers. A leader influences the behaviour of the workers in various ways. He is responsible for setting a clear vision, motivating the employees and building their morale.

Characteristics of a Good Leader

Leadership is an essential element of management. A person must possess the qualities of a leader for the smooth functioning of the business. A good leader unites the best qualities of his workers and concentrates them for the achievement of organisational goals. The following are the 10 characteristics of a good leader:


Communication is the most critical tool for success in an organisation. The characteristics of a good leader include effective communication. A leader is responsible for transmitting a variety of information to his workers. Good communication skills can help a leader in developing a better understanding among the employees.

Honesty and Integrity

A leader is successful when he sticks to core beliefs, values and ethics. Integrity is doing the right thing, which is important for the success of an organisation. True leadership demands being fair and honest every time irrespective of the situation.


Gratitude helps in increasing self-esteem and reducing depression and anxiety. Giving thanks at work can help in motivating the employees to work hard. A person is more willing to work under an appreciative leader than a thankless boss.


Influencing refers to the ability of convincing people through emotional and logical appeals. An effective leader must influence and inspire people with authenticity and transparency. Influence is different from manipulation, and it requires trust-building and emotional intelligence. 


Every employee wants to be treated with respect. A leader must respect all his workers to ease tension and conflicts. This helps in building trust and improving the effectiveness of the employees. To gain respect, a leader must value his employees and communicate more with them.

Creative and Innovative

Creativity and innovation are equally important characteristics of leadership. In the modern, fast-paced world, constant innovation and creative ideas are essential for a business to succeed. A leader must think out of the box. He should have the potential to turn his goal and innovative ideas into reality.


Leadership involves a vast amount of courage. A good leader must be able to voice his new ideas and provide feedback to reports. He must be able to flag concerns for someone with a higher authority. A leader must never avoid conflicts or problems but face them with courage.

Learning Agility

Learning agility refers to the ability to know what to do in a new situation. It is essential for the success of an organisation. It involves learning from the experiences and applying those lessons in the next unfamiliar situations. The traits of a good leader include learning and having strong learning agility.

Self Awareness

A leader needs to understand himself first to lead others. A person who knows his own strengths and weaknesses can increase his efficiency and become an excellent leader.

Vision and Purpose

A good leader is known for his vision and purpose. He develops a vision and inspires his followers to work towards the goal. Sharing his vision helps his followers see the bigger picture and motivates them to work harder. Having a clear vision is among the most important qualities of a great leader. 

Several traits theories of leadership are essential for leaders to abide and follow. This article includes all the crucial attributes of a leader. Leaders are the pillar of any organisation, and the qualities of an effective leader help the business prosper.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the Main Functions of Leadership?

Ans: The following are the main functions of leadership:

  • A leader is responsible for setting the goals and objectives for the workers.

  • A leader has to assign appropriate roles to different individuals. He shapes the organisation for the achievement of its goals.

  • Another function of a leader is to take independent decisions which reflect original thinking. 

  • A leader is also responsible for establishing coordination among all the members of an organisation.

  • A leader must guide, direct and motivate his followers to work for the achievement of the organisational goals and objectives.

  • A leader also acts as a link between the workers and the management.

2. What is the Importance of Good Leadership in an Organisation?

Ans: Leadership plays a vital role in the development of an organisation. The following points highlight the importance of leadership:

  • A good leader influences the behaviour of his subordinates.

  • Good leadership helps in fulfilling the needs and requirements of the workers.

  • Leaders alter the working environment according to the needs of the workers.

  • Proper training and development of employees depend on their leaders.

  • A good leader helps in solving conflicts among employees.

  • It is the leader who motivates and influences his employees for working towards the achievement of the organisational goals.

  • A leader helps in building the morale of his followers.