Every cash transaction during an accounting cycle is documented in a cash account format that functions as an auxiliary ledger. The cash account is often split in two for more prominent businesses: the cash payments journal for recording cash payments made and the cash receivables journal for recording cash revenues.
What do you understand about a Cash Book Account?
Let's look at the many structures each of these categories may take.
Single Cash Account Format: There is no need for a separate cash account or complicated journal entries when using an essential line cash book to keep track of money coming in and going out of the business.
Dual Column Cash Account Format: There are two distinct varieties of two-column cash books: those with cash and discounting columns and those with money and bank sections. The double-column cash account is, nevertheless, the standard.
Triple Column Cash Account Format: Cash, financial institution, and discounting sections are condensed into one convenient location in the triple column cash account. All discounts on sales or purchases are noted here, and any cash or bank-related operations.
Features of Double-Column Cash Book Format
Know about the Dual-column Cash Book and its Format
So, both credit and debit sections of the cash account have two separate money sections. Both cash and bank balance account operations should be recorded in their respective columns. Cash and banking transactions are recorded in the company's double-column cash book. However, credit activities are not included when a dual-column cash book is being prepared.
The following are the listed features of double column cash book format:
Cash payments are noted in the Cash-Debt column of the Cash Section.
The Cash section is credited with all cash receipts.
An entry is created in the bank section to the debit column if a consumer uses a bank to make a payment.
If the funds were deposited via check on the same day, the amount would be reflected in the banking section as a debit.
The sum is reported in the cash section when a check is received but not posted on the same day it was written.
The debit entry is made in the banking section, and a credit entry is made in the cash section when the check is collected on the same day as its lodged receipt in the financial institution or bank. The term "contra entry" describes this kind of cash book entry.
Reasons to Keep the Double-Column Cash Book Records
Two columns on every side make up a two-column cash book with the bank, sometimes called a double-column cash book, for keeping track of money and banking activities.
A dual-column cash account allows bookkeepers to track cash and bank transactions in one convenient location. Due to this, keeping track of financial dealings is made much more straightforward. For example, the cash book with one column may be expanded to a cash book with two different columns by inserting a banking column on each page.
The reasons to make the dual-column cash account format are:
Discount-free transactions are recorded in the standard cash book format containing a sole column. The entire value of discount-containing debit entries is credited to the appropriate account.
Credited discount entries are transferred to the debit side of the corresponding account. The sum of the debit side's discounted column is debited from the discount allowable account. The sum of the discount line item on the debit side is credited to the discount earned account.
Stating the Cash Book in Accounting in a Detailed Manner
To maintain accurate books, cash dealings, the most common form of payment in most businesses, must be documented. Overdrafts, payment orders, and deposit accounts are all instances of money transfers that qualify as current assets.
To keep track of the organisation's cash flow, cash inflows (which are recorded on the debit column) and outflows (which are recorded on the credit column) are recorded in a cash book. The cash book serves as the firm's first and last accounting record. You may get double-column cash book questions with solutions online.
The cashbook may be considered a ledger that records cash activities immediately, saving time and effort compared to entering cash activities available. It's a valuable tool for keeping track of money. Frequent cash account balancing is anti-free differences, and apparent differences become apparent and may be resolved.
The cash account is distinct from the cash book to which journal entries are posted since it is the book of accounts in which the firm's cash dealings for a particular day are recorded, unlike the account, where one must transfer the whole amount towards the goal needed to be. The appropriate general ledger is updated with the new entries. Every cash collection is entered on the right-hand side of the cash account, and vice versa.