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What is Telecom Services?

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Last updated date: 23rd Apr 2024
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An Introduction to Telecom Services

Digitalisation is becoming fashionable, and people are enthusiastic about it. We mean households and various business sectors when we say "people." Telecommunication companies provide various types of telecom services. The offerings include voice, video, telephone, internet, and communication services. Telephone administration, which can be done in either a wired or wireless mode, is the most well-known type of media communications administration.


Internet, television, and networking services for homes and businesses are examples of different types. These administrations may not be available in all areas or from all organisations. There are numerous types of telecommunication services, and we will go over some of the most common. Continue reading to learn more!


What do You Mean by Telecom Services?

A full, single communications circuit comprises two stations, each with a transmitter and a receiver. The transmitter and receiver of any station could be combined into a single device known as a transceiver. Electrical wire or cable, also known as copper, optical fibre, electromagnetic fields, or light, can all be used as a signal transmission medium. Wireless communications are the transmission and reception of data in free space using electromagnetic fields.


Importance of Telecommunication Services

1. Telecommunications allows for development and participation.

Telecommunications is becoming increasingly important in enabling the involvement and development of individuals in geographically disadvantaged communities and nations, whether in rural areas of the United States or in developing countries.

2. Telecommunications infrastructure is critical for national security.

Telecommunications are critical for disaster recovery, maintaining military dominance, and ensuring homeland security. It is critical to maintain communication capability while also having superior capability when fighting an enemy. Relying on foreign suppliers for innovation, technologies, applications, and services poses risks.

3. Telecommunications provides a technological foundation for societal communications.

Communication is essential to the basic functions of any society, from business to government to families. In reality, interpersonal communication is the defining characteristic that distinguishes an organisation, community, or society from a group of individuals. Instant messaging, cell phone calling, Web browsing, and other forms of communication are becoming increasingly integrated into how we work, play, and live.


Features of Telecommunication Services

1. Canals and Ports

Every telecommunications network has terminals. They are the components that allow communications to be paused and resumed.

2. Computers that are used for communication

As you may be aware, when information travels through channels, it must go through a lot of processing before it reaches the end user.

3. Software

Software is also required to support data transmission across various communication channels.


Types of Telecom Services

(i) Cellular Mobile Services, which include all mobile telecoms services such as voice and non-voice messaging, data services, and PCO services, use any type of network equipment in their service region.

(ii) Radio Paging Services: Radio paging services are a low-cost way to reach people who are on the move.

(iii) Fixed Line Services are all fixed Services, such as voice and text messages and data services used to establish long-distance connections.

(iv) Cable Services: These are connections and switched services that operate media services, which are typically one-way entertainment-related services within a licenced operating area.

(v) Satellite Services: VSAT is an abbreviation for Very Small Aperture Terminal, a satellite-based communications service. It provides a highly adaptable and dependable communication solution to organisations such as businesses and governments.

(vi) DTH Services: DTH is another satellite-based media service provided by cellular providers (Direct to Home). A set-top box and a small dish antenna are required to receive media services directly from a satellite.


Different Types of Telecom Services and How It Impacts the Industry

Telecommunications service providers, also known as communications service providers, are typically in charge of managing telecommunications systems. Previously, these companies offered telephone and related services; now, they offer a variety of WAN and internet services, as well as metropolitan area networks (MAN) and international services.


In several countries, the government owned and ran the majority of telecom service providers. That is no longer the case, and many things have been privatised. Although most countries have their government bodies responsible for developing and enforcing telecommunications regulations, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations (UN) organisation in charge of telecommunications and broadcasting standards. Internet service providers (ISPs), telecom equipment suppliers, wireless service providers, radio and television broadcasters, cable companies, satellite television providers, and managed service providers are just a few of the many businesses that provide telecommunications services (MSPs).


The three primary telecom industry sectors are telecom equipment manufacturers, telecom services providers, and wireless communications providers. Telecom equipment, which includes wireless semiconductors, analogue or digital public switching equipment, and customer equipment such as routers and modems, is the largest industry among these sectors. Wireless communications are the smallest industry.


Case Study

What are the different telecom services that exist? Provide with the examples.

Ans: There are numerous communication services available to support commerce. These include the following:

(i) Mobile Cellular Services: This includes all mobile telecom services, including voice and text messaging, data services, and PCO services that use any type of network hardware.

(ii) Radio Paging Services: Information can be sent to Radio Paging Service users even if they do not have a mobile device. It is a low-cost one-way information broadcasting technology that supports both alpha and numeric paging as well as tone-only paging.

(iii) Fixed Line Services: All fixed services, including voice and text messages, as well as data services, can be used to create long-distance connections using any type of network hardware linked by fibre optic cables.

(iv) Connections and Switched Services that operate media services, which are effectively one-way entertainment-related services, within a licenced area of operation, are examples of this.

(v) VSAT Services VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal) is a satellite-based communications service that is highly flexible, uninterrupted, and reliable for applications such as online newspapers and tele-education in both urban and rural areas. DISH Network Services DTH (Direct to Home), a satellite-based media service, is provided by cellular companies. A set-top box and a small dish antenna are required to receive media services directly from a satellite.


Conclusion

Because of telecommunications, people worldwide can interact, access information instantly, and connect from far-flung locations. It typically consists of a sender and one or more recipients linked by a technology that sends data from one location to another, such as a telephone system or computer network (LANs or WANs).

FAQs on What is Telecom Services?

1. Explain briefly any four types of telecom services.

Numerous telecom services can assist grow your business. The following are some of these:

  1. All voice, non-voice, and data transmission services are included in the first category, which is cellular mobile service.

  2. Radio Paging Service: This service aids in transmitting information via a tone, a numeric, or an alphanumeric message.

  3. Fixed-line service refers to voice, non-voice, and data services that provide links for long-distance traffic using fibre optic cables for network connectivity.

  4. Cable Service: In cable service, media material is broadcast over a specific area, and a licence must be obtained to do so. This kind of service has a one-sided information flow.

2. What do you mean by telecom services?

A communications firm that offers voice and data services over a vast geographic area delivers telecom services. Phone service, which can be provided using either a wired or wireless standard, is the most widely used kind of telecommunications service. Internet, television, and networking for homes and companies are additional services. It's conceivable that not all companies or places of business offer these services. Prices for certain services might fluctuate substantially between houses and companies.


A telecommunications service is a service provided by a telecoms provider or a specific set of user-information transfer capabilities provided by a telecommunications system to a group of users in the field of telecommunication.

3. Mention any two types of telecom services.

Below are the two types of telecom services: 

  1. VSAT Service: VSAT, which stands for Very Small Aperture Terminal, is a satellite-based communication system that can be used to provide information to remote locations. A very-small-aperture terminal is a two-way satellite ground station with a dish antenna shorter than 3.8 metres. The majority of VSAT antennas range in length from 75 cm to 1.2 m. Bit rates typically range from 4 kbit/s to 16 Mbit/s.

  2. DTH Service: DTH is an abbreviation for Direct-to-Home Services, which are satellite-based media services in which media channels are transmitted via satellite and received via a small dish and antenna.