Contingent liability refers to those liabilities that can incur as an entity and depends on the outcomes of the pending lawsuit. Such liabilities are not recorded in the company’s account and are shown in the company’s balance sheet when they are reasonably and probably estimated as a “worst-case” or “contingency” in the outcome. The extent and nature of the contingent liability can be explained by a footnote. The loss is described as remote or probable. And the ability to recognize is reasonably estimated.
Define Contingent Liabilities
Contingent liabilities are those liabilities that tend to occur in the future depending on an outcome. Such liabilities are recorded when their amount can be estimated. It may or may not be disclosed in a footnote unless it meets both conditions. Some of the common contingent liabilities examples are product warranties, pending investigations, and potential lawsuits.
Contingent liabilities meaning also signifies the fact that they change according to the amount of money estimated and their likelihood of occurring in the future. The accounting rules make sure that the readers of the financial statement receive enough information.
Contingent Liability Accounting
Contingent liabilities are those liabilities that are not included in the financial statement of the company. They fall under obligations that have not occurred yet but can occur shortly. As it is not a liable component, it is not included in the accounting system of the company. Contingent liabilities are not reviewed annually.
Examples of Contingent Liabilities in Accounting are
Fluctuations in the foreign exchange process
Changes in government policies
Contingent Liabilities Meaning in Tamil
Contingent liability in Tamil means தொடர்ச்சியான பொறுப்பு
What is Contingent Liabilities Example?
Contingent liabilities example is as follows:
1. Counter guarantees and guarantees that are given by the company.
2. The company gives a certain guarantee to another stakeholder on behalf of their third party. or it can also be said as the guarantee performed by certain companies as a result of the contract.
3. Product warranty is also given by the company.
4. The company also gives a guarantee on behalf of the stakeholders.
5. The company also issues a letter of credit.
6. The examples also include the adverse judgment of the potential disputes.
The damages that need to be compensated by the party if and when there is a breach in the contract. This amount is decided during the negotiation of a contract. The breach is usually a failure in the contract or not up to the mark performance by the party.
The liquidated damages are written as legal contracts and are bound by the law.
In a situation where the real damages are difficult to ascertain, a liquidated damage amount seems appropriate and accepted by both parties.
Lets us understand the concept of liquidated damages with the help of an example.
Supposing the company is coming up with a new product to launch in the market and the product is still in the development stage. The company may need to consult with suppliers and other designers outside the company and this may require a legal contract before the business is done. One of the clauses that are added to the contract is liquidated damages. The company needs to come up with an amount that reflects an approximate value of damage if done.
The new product the company is launching may still be kept discreet as the breach in secrecy may result in huge losses for the company. So if there is a breach of indiscretion, the other party, i.e., a supplier or designer hired may have to pay the liquidated damages.
A liquidated damages compensation can help in safeguarding the party against future discrepancies.
Legal liability simply means answerable to the law. One is legally obligated or responsible for any damages done under the law. If the person or company in question does not take the responsibility, they may be legally sued.
To understand the concept of legal liability, let us take an example of a business owner.
Supposing a business is selling a certain kind of product, any damage that it can be caused to the buyer before and after it leaves the manufacturing unit is the full responsibility of the owner. If the owner is reluctant to take responsibility for their product, the customer can sue the company.
Copyright infringement is referred to as the use of copyright-protected material without prior permission from the copyright holder. Any use, duplication, or publication of the copyrighted material without the permission of the owner can lead to serious legal charges.
The companies or even individuals who develop new work or products can register for copyright so that they can take benefit from the profits and retain the original ownership. They can also sell the ownership if they have the copyright to do so.
Others interested in their work can take a license to produce or publish their work. Sometimes the breach in copyright infringement can lead to contingent liabilities.
Let us understand copyright infringement with an example.
Supposing the new technology developed by a certain tech company is used or launched by another company without prior permission, it is counted as stealing one property. This may lead to serious legal problems and the company that developed the technology can press charges against the other party.
Pirating a movie or a music album is also another example of copyright infringement.
When an individual negligently or intentionally enters the land of another without permission, when clearly instructed not via signboards is referred to as trespassing.
The party to whom the land belongs can sue the one trespassed even if there is no evident damage done.
Let us understand trespassing with an example.
Supposing a hotel has clearly restricted its boundaries around the property and also has put up a no trespassing sign. If any individual intentionally trespasses into the property, then the hotel can press charges against that individual for the same.
A lawsuit is a legal proceeding taken by the party claiming to have incurred any damage or loss by the other party. Then another party is required to respond to the complaint done. The party that made the damages either suffer legal action or have to go through with the compensation demanded by the other party.
Let us understand this with an example.
Supposing a new publication publishes a piece of private information or anything that tarnishes the image of a celebrity, then the celebrity can file a lawsuit against the media publication for doing so.
Why Choose Vedantu?
Vedantu’s experienced group of teachers aim to contribute towards a better learning outcome and performance of all the students. Above all, it focuses on bringing happiness and joy through learning. Online tuitions are always better than offline tuition and so Vedantu is a better option when one wants to acquire knowledge about all the subjects. Also, we have a skillful set of teachers having years of experience in their field. The best part is that all the solutions here are available on our official websites with various other study materials. Come learn with Vedantu and get good marks in your exams.