To solve comprehension passages are an important part of understanding any language. It is the art of reading, understanding, and remembering what you read in any given piece of writing. Once you have understood the passage, you will be able to reproduce the same passage in your own words. Reading comprehension builds the foundation for high-level thinking in different subject areas. Comprehension writing is the other part of this practice.
Passage Reading Meaning
To comprehend means to understand. In any academic curriculum, reading English comprehension passages is an important topic. As a part of reading comprehension passages, you need to very carefully go through a given passage, understand its meaning, notice the meaning of various contexts in which the sentences appear. You will then have to answer different questions that are based on the passage you read. If you are wondering how to understand comprehension passages, then here are some points.
Comprehension tests your vocabulary, so building a good vocabulary is important to understand passages.
You also need to have a good sense of the language in which the comprehension is written.
You need to develop the ability to identify meanings of phrases or words by reading the passage multiple times.
Reading comprehension passages assesses your intelligence in grasping the gist of the written text and infer your conclusions based on the context. Most of the questions in comprehension are directly related to the passage. A few of them will need you to find the contextual meaning of different words, and some of them will test your ability to find suitable antonyms of given words.
How to answer questions of a Comprehension?
While answering comprehension passages, the most important part is to read the passage carefully. To answer a comprehension question properly one needs to do the following.
Decipher what you just read.
Try to make a stable connection between what you read and what knowledge you already have.
Think in-depth on what the comprehension passage says.
Some of the important strategies for solving comprehension passages are:
Upgrade your Vocabulary - For attending competitive exams, it is very important to develop your vocabulary. A comprehension question will appear difficult if you do not understand the meaning of a few of the words used in it. The many ways by which one can improve English vocabulary are:
Reading newspaper articles.
Reading various vocabulary books and newspapers.
Writing down new words that you come across in your daily life, for example, while watching a movie or while reading a book. You could then find the meaning of those words in a dictionary.
Utilize your Strengths - While answering a comprehension question, try to utilize your strong points. For example, some students like to read the passage completely to get an idea of the whole thing while others may find it confusing so they can approach the topic with a “down to top” approach. In this approach, students first read the given questions and then read the paragraph to get the required answers. Any of these methods can be used based on your preference and acumen.
Try to get the gist of the Passage - Many students start getting into the details of a passage like trying to understand all the words and sentences in it. Yet, understanding the passage in its entirety is not always required. It is too time-consuming if you start getting into each example, illustrations, etc. The best way is to understand the summary of the passage or its main intent. If you comprehend the overall flow and structure, you will be good at answering the questions in the given time frame.
Managing Time - Time is the most common concern that students have during comprehension writing. Exams test not only your basic knowledge but also your ability to manage time well. A good way to manage time while reading comprehension passages is not to spend time on tricky parts of the passage. If you find that a certain section of the passage is complex and you are having difficulty understanding it, then it is better to skip that part. Once you are done reading the passage and the questions, you can decide if you need to go back to the complicated piece of the passage or not.
Do Not Rely on Outside Knowledge - Do not try to answer a comprehension based on your assumptions or knowledge of the subject outside the given passage. You must use whatever information is provided in the passage to answer the questions. If you include your own version of any topic, they can be marked as wrong by the evaluator.
Answering a comprehension passage can be summed up as shown in the image below.
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