Different Uses of Polyester Fibre in Points
Polyester is commonly found in different forms in utensils, fabrics, furniture, accessories, etc. It is widely used in different industries across the world as an innovative fibre to reduce the production cost and to make the items lighter and stronger. It is manufactured by the complex bonding of the same organic compounds or polymers and it is then customized according to the uses. In this section, we will concentrate on the uses of polyester. Keep on reading to find the uses of polyester fibre in points in different industries. It will help you memorize the uses easily so that you can answer questions conveniently.
What is Polyester?
As you have learned from the introduction, polyester is a particular class of organic compounds. These compounds are also called polymers. The molecules of the organic compounds link to each other to form a chain and form polyester fibres. The different features of polyester fibres make them very useful for different industries. When you will proceed to the higher classes, you will find out how these fibres are synthesized using polymers.
Features of Polyester
You will find a plethora of polyester fabrics and fibres available for different uses. All these uses are based on the features of this fibre. You should follow and study the features properly so that you can understand the uses well and can explain the application of polyester. The features of polyester are mentioned below.
The fibre is extremely durable and can resist many chemicals.
The fibres do not attract water as the polymer molecules are hydrophobic. Even if they are wet, they get dried very quickly.
It is very commonly used in the fashion industry due to its resistance to shrinking and stretching. Once stretched or shrank, this fabric will not change its shape or size. In fact, it retains the shape and folds made during the production of a clothing item.
It also shows resistance to abrasion and wrinkling. It means that the fabric made of polyester will last longer than the natural fibres. It will also not need high maintenance such as dry cleaning or ironing either.
The fibres are very strong. When added to form a fabric, it increases the strength of the material but does not cause the weight to increase. The lightweight feature of this fabric can be used exceptionally to manufacture clothing items.
Different Uses of Polyester
As mentioned earlier, the features of polyester make it very useful for different industries. Find the uses of polyester fibre in points below.
You can now easily determine that the prime use of polyester is in the fashion industry. If you follow the properties of polyester, you will understand why it is widely used to manufacture apparels. The lightweight and strong features of this fibre are used to make the clothing items more durable and wrinkle-free.
You will find a plethora of items in the home furnishing segment where this fibre is used exceptionally. From curtains to upholstery, this fibre is used for making colourful items. In fact, you will also find blankets, carpets, bed sheets, pillowcases, covers, etc are also manufactured using polyester. There are different other polyester examples such as home accessories, furniture, automobile seat covers, etc.
These days, tyres are not only manufactured using rubber. It is mixed or reinforced with polyester to increase its strength to carry weight and resist abrasion. The tyres become lighter and more efficient in distributing the load of the entire vehicle. The uniformity of the tyres also makes the vehicle’s performance escalate in terms of fuel efficiency. This is one of the two uses of polyester in the industries.
You might have seen products being manufactured and carried to different locations in the industry using conveyor belts. These belts run for hours at a stretch. Hence, you can understand how strong these belts should be to carry their own weight and that of the products in the line. This is why conveyor belts are made of polyester fabric for higher strength and durability.
One of the best polyester properties and uses can be found in safety belt manufacturing. The belts are extremely strong and lightweight. These belts can be used in automobiles for safety purposes.
Cushioning and Insulation
The fabric has insulating properties. It can be used for upholstery padding, cushioning, and insulating gloves and mitts. Different types of polyesters are used for various insulating purposes. It is also used as insulation tapes in different industries.
Apart from fabric manufacturing, you will also find polyesters in making bottles. The PET bottles we use to store and drink water are made of polyester.
Due to stain resistance, it is used in manufacturing sports gear, sportswear, upholstery, covers, table cloths, etc. It can be easily cleaned and dried. It fits into the features of all these products very well.
Polyester can be micronized and converted into sprays. These sprays can deliver a high-gloss finish for furniture, wooden surfaces, and can also protect open-grain timber surfaces.
FAQs on Uses of Polyester
1. Define Polyester.
Ans: Polyester is a synthetic fibre manufactured by the polymerization reaction of a group of organic compounds called polymers. This fibre is strong and water-resistant. It can also resist staining but can be dyed easily. This is why it has vast use in different industries.
2. What is Polyester Fabric?
Ans: When polyester fibre is used to weave fabric or a sheet, it is called polyester fabric. This fabric can be either 100% polyester or a mix of other natural fabrics. It depends on the use of polyester fabric in an industry.
3. Name Any Two Polyester Fibres.
Ans: The two most popular and common polyester fibres are terylene and nylon. These fibres are used for manufacturing apparels, ropes, curtains, etc.