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Inorganic Compound

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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Inorganic Compound Definition

Do you know the Inorganic Compounds Definition?

An inorganic compound is any substance in which two or more chemical elements (usually other than carbon) are combined in definite proportions. If carbon is bound to colourless hydrogen, the compound is known as organic. Inorganic carbon compounds include carbides (such as silicon carbide [SiC2]), carbonates (such as calcium carbonate [CaCO<3]), cyanides (such as sodium cyanide [NaCN]), graphite, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide.

In this article, we will study inorganic compounds, inorganic chemicals, and inorganic benzene( borazine) in detail.

Inorganic Chemicals

Ionic compounds are made up of cations and anions that are bound together by ionic bonds. Magnesium chloride MgCl2, which contains magnesium cations Mg2+ and chloride anions Cl, and sodium oxide Na2O, which contains sodium cations Na+ and oxide anions O2, are examples of salts (ionic compounds). The proportions of the ions in any salt are such that the electric charges cancel out, resulting in an electrically neutral bulk compound. The parent elements' ionization potential (for cations) or electron affinity (for anions) can be used to determine the ions' oxidation state, as well as their ease of formation.

The simplest inorganic reaction is double displacement, which occurs when two salts are mixed and the ions are exchanged without the oxidation state changing. In redox reactions, one reactant, the oxidant, reduces its oxidation state while the oxidation state of another reactant, the reductant, increases. The end product is an electron exchange. Electron exchange may also take place in an indirect way, such as in batteries, and is a central principle in electrochemistry.


Borazine is a polar inorganic compound with the formula B3H6N3. The three BH units and three NH units alternate in this cyclic compound. For benzene, the compound is isoelectronic and structurally identical. Borazine is often referred to as "inorganic benzene" because of this. Borazine, like benzene, is a colourless liquid. Borazine is a transparent liquid with a good fragrance.

Inorganic Acid

Inorganic acids, also known as mineral acids, are acids derived from one or more inorganic compounds and contain no carbon. These inorganic acids are either oxoacids or have no oxygen. They are either mono-, di-, or tribasic depending on the number of hydrogen atoms in them. Monobasic acids like hydrochloric acid and hydrofluoric acid, as well as dibasic acids like hydrogen sulfide, are examples of acids without oxygen. Nitric acid (monobasic), sulfuric acid (dibasic), and orthophosphoric acid are all oxygen-containing acids (tribasic). When inorganic acids are dissolved in water, hydrogen ions and conjugate base ions are formed.

Inorganic Phosphate

An inorganic phosphate (PO43-) is a metal-ion salt of phosphoric acid. In a tetrahedral structure, one central phosphorus atom is surrounded by four oxygen atoms. Inorganic phosphates can be present in a number of ways in nature, and they are often mixed with other elements (e.g., metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, and aluminium). Inorganic phosphates are found in all living organisms and are essential for their survival. In an aqueous solution, inorganic phosphate occurs mainly as H2PO4- or HPO42-, and it acts as a buffer.

Dipotassium Hydrogen Phosphate

The inorganic compound K2HPO4.(H2O) x (x = 0,3,6) is dipotassium phosphate (K2HPO4) (also dipotassium hydrogen orthophosphate; potassium phosphate dibasic). It's widely used as a fertilizer, food additive, and buffering agent in combination with monopotassium phosphate (KH2PO4.(H2O)x. It is soluble in water white or colourless solid.

It's made by partially neutralizing phosphoric acid with two equivalents of potassium chloride in a commercial environment.

Dipotassium phosphate is used in imitation dairy creamers, dry powder drinks, mineral supplements, and starter cultures as a food additive.  It acts as an emulsifier, stabilizer, and texturizer, as well as a buffering and chelating agent, especially for calcium in dairy products.

Inorganic Salts

  • Salt is a neutral ionic compound formed by the chemical reaction of an acid and a base, or by neutralization. Salts are formed when ions are bound together by an ionic bond and dissociate into ions (other than H+ or OH) when dissolved in a solvent such as water.

  • In contrast to an organic salt, which contains C-H bonds, an inorganic salt does not contain C-H bonds. Sodium chloride, a chemical compound made up of sodium and chloride ions are one of the most well-known salts.

  • Inorganic salts are needed for living things to survive and grow. Sodium chloride (NaCl), calcium chloride (CaCl2), magnesium chloride (MgCl2), sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), potassium chloride (KCl), sodium sulfate (Na2SO4), calcium carbonate (CaCO3), and calcium phosphate (Ca3P) are some of the most common inorganic salts in humans for a variety of bodily functions (PO4)2. In liquids, inorganic salts dissociate into ions (or electrolytes). These ions are needed for a variety of cellular metabolic processes. For example, sodium chloride (NaCl) splits into sodium and chloride ions.

  • Sodium ions, in particular, are needed for the depolarization of neurons and muscle cells, and thus for the transmission of impulses and the contraction of muscles.

Did You Know?

Borazine is often referred to as "inorganic benzene" because it is isoelectronic with benzene and has similar connectivity. Because of the electronegativity disparity between boron and nitrogen, this analogy is not rigorously true. The bond lengths within the borazine ring are all equal at 1.429, a property shared by benzene, according to X-ray crystallographic structural determinations. The borazine ring, on the other hand, does not shape a perfect hexagon. The boron atoms have a bond angle of 117.1°, while the nitrogen atoms have a bond angle of 122.9°, making the molecule distinct symmetry.

FAQs on Inorganic Compound

1. What Method is Used to Prepare Borazine?

Ans: Borazine is made by heating boron trichloride and ammonium chloride together. Trichloro Borazine is the first substance produced, which is reduced with sodium borohydride to yield borazine. Borazine is also generated when diborane and ammonia react.

2. What is the Difference Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds?

Ans: Organic and inorganic compounds are one of the fundamental building blocks of chemistry. The main distinction between organic and inorganic compounds is that organic compounds often contain a carbon atom, whereas most inorganic compounds do not.

3. What is the Scope of Inorganic Chemistry?

Ans: The study of the synthesis and action of inorganic and organometallic compounds is known as inorganic chemistry. Except for the various organic compounds (carbon-based compounds with C-H bonds), which are the focus of organic chemistry, this discipline encompasses all chemical compounds.