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Last updated date: 26th Feb 2024
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Introduction to Homogenization

Any of the methods used to make a mixture of two mutually insoluble liquids uniform throughout is known as homogenization or homogenisation. This is accomplished by transforming one of the liquids into a state where extremely small particles are evenly distributed in the other liquid. The homogenization of milk is an example of this, in which the milk fat globules are decreased in size and distributed evenly across the rest of the milk.

This article will study homogenized milk and unhomogenized milk in detail.

Homogenization Process

Homogenization (from "homogeneous;" Greek, homogenes: homos, same + genos, kind) is the method of combining two immiscible liquids (liquids that are incompatible in all proportions) to form an emulsion (A mixture of two or more liquids that are usually immiscible). The two types of homogenization are primary homogenization, in which the emulsion is formed by reducing the size of droplets in an existing emulsion, and secondary homogenization, in which the emulsion is created by reducing the size of droplets in an existing emulsion. Homogenization is accomplished using a homogenizer, which is a mechanical unit.

Method of Homogenized Milk

Milk homogenization is achieved by mixing massive volumes of harvested milk and pushing it through small holes at high pressure. Milk homogenization is a crucial method in the milk food industry for avoiding taste and fat concentration variations.

Soft drinks, such as cola goods, are another application of homogenization. So that different constituents do not break out during storage or delivery, the reactant mixture is subjected to extreme homogenization, up to 35,000 psi.

Homogenized Milk Process

Homogenizers are high-pressure pumps with a special discharge valve. Homogenizers in the dairy industry are used to reduce fat globules from up to 18 micrometres in diameter to less than 2 micrometres in diameter (a micrometre is one-millionth of a metre). Under high pressure, hot milk (with the fat in liquid form) is pumped through the valve, resulting in a consistent and stable distribution of fat in the milk. A whiter colour, richer flavour, more uniform viscosity, stronger “whitening” in coffee, and softer curd tension are all advantages of homogenization for milk (making the milk more digestible for humans).

Benefits of Homogenized Whole Milk

  • Prevents the formation of cream.

  • Increases milk viscosity, giving tea or coffee a richer appearance; fat globules do not rise easily, so there is no need to agitate the milk before serving.

  • Prevents fat from churning during rough handling or agitation.

  • As homogenised milk coagulates, milk becomes more palatable due to brighter appearance, heavier body, and richer flavour, partly due to smaller fat globules and partly due to lower curd tension, i.e. milk becomes more palatable due to brighter appearance, heavier body, and richer flavour. Milk that has been homogenised can be recommended for infants.

  • Reduces the likelihood of fat separation during the production of evaporated milk and ice cream, resulting in a smoother texture.

  • Reconstituted milk can be made with a homogenizer by combining butter oil or butter with skim milk.

  • The milk becomes less vulnerable to the production of oxidised flavours.

Non Homogenized Milk

  • Consumers refused to purchase homogenised milk when it was first introduced in the early twentieth century because it lacked the most important symbol of high-quality milk: a thick layer of cream on top. Homogenised milk did not become the primary form of milk consumed in the United States until after World War II, when opaque milk cartons were introduced to the market, according to one historian (and home delivery of glass bottles dwindled).

  • As a result, neither market demand nor health issues propelled the adoption of homogenised milk. Instead, economic factors played a significant role. Prior to homogenization, the cream content of whole milk was unpredictable, ranging from 3% to 8% or more. However, homogenization introduced a concept of whole milk that set a minimum cream content of 3.25 per cent (which quickly became the normal cream content). As a result, milk processors may use the "extra" cream in other items like butter.

  • We may not know what to expect when we buy our first bottle of non-homogenized milk since we were raised on homogenised milk. Fresh non-homogenized milk divides into a layer of thin, high-fat cream (sometimes called the "cream top") and a much larger, more dense layer of low-fat milk after sitting for 12-24 hours. The cream thickens over time, and after a few days, it can almost solidify into a cream "plug." In non-homogenized milk, this is a normal phenomenon. The plug will detach and break up into the milk if you shake the bottle, but many people prefer to spoon it out for their coffee or eat it on their cereal as a special treat.

  • Since the whole cream has a silky texture that is lost when the fat globules are split apart, non-homogenized milk has a naturally sweeter taste than homogenised milk. Because our skimming process never eliminates 100% of the cream, both the 2% and fat-free varieties have a richer taste.

Advantages of Homogenized Milk

  1.  Homogenizing milk allows it to last longer while still being fresh. When opposed to milk received immediately after milking your cows, homogenised milk has fat cells of uniform size, allowing it to remain fresh for a longer period of time. Homogenising milk entails removing the cream that forms a crust on top of the milk which causes the milk to lose its freshness quickly.

  2. Milk that has been homogenised is easier to digest. When non-homogenized milk is consumed, it causes stomach upset in the majority of its users. 

  3. Milk's taste and colour are improved by homogenising it. The majority of people tend to buy and drink white milk because it appears to be purer than creamed milk. Milk that has been homogenised has a whiter complexion. Homogenizing milk also gives it a creamy taste and a healthy fat content, which is essential for consumers.

  4.  Milk that has been homogenised is an ideal product for cooking and preparing those foods.

Did You Know?

Disadvantages of Homogenized Milk

  1. Milk that has been homogenised is harmful to your wellbeing. When opposed to non-homogenised milk, homogenised milk has smaller particles. As a result, the tiny particles are directly ingested by the bloodstream during digestion, causing harm to your health. Homogenized milk has also been linked to the development of cancer and heart disease.

  2. The nutritional value of homogenised milk is reduced. Since the fat in milk is broken down into microscopic particles during homogenization, essential vitamins like Vitamin D and A are also broken down into microscopic particles. The importance of the nutrients in milk is reduced due to the reduction in particle size of certain nutrients.

FAQs on Homogenization

1. What is Amul Homogenised Milk?

Ans. Amul Taaza Homogenized Toned Milk is fully healthy and delicious. It has a standard protein content and is low in fat, carbs, and calories. If kept in the refrigerator for two days after opening, it will stay fresh. There is no added water or powder, no preservatives or chemicals, and it is easy to transport and use when travelling.

2. What is the Homogenization Process?

Ans. Homogenization is the process of reducing material, such as fat globules in milk, to extremely small particles and evenly dispersing it within a fluid, such as milk. The cream will not rise to the top of the milk if it has been properly homogenised.

3. Why is Homogenised Milk Harmful to Your Health?

Ans. Homogenized milk, according to its critics, leads to heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic diseases, as well as allergies, by increasing the absorbability of a milk enzyme called xanthine oxidase (XOD).