Iron III oxide - Fe2O3

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Learn the Properties and Chemical Name of Iron III Oxide Easily

Inorganic chemistry is a fascinating part of Chemistry. The metal oxides are included in the chapter related to metallurgy where students will learn how these oxides are prepared and used in various industrial processes. One of the oxides you will study in this section is Iron III oxide. The chemical properties of this oxide need to be properly studied as the questions are quite conceptual. 

To make it easier for students, Vedantu has developed a concept page focusing on the oxide and its physical and chemical properties. This page has been developed by the top chemistry teachers. It addresses the basic problems a student faces while studying this particular oxide. It will also help to develop a clear concept so that students can easily clarify doubts arising in their minds on their own. You will learn what is the chemical formula of ferric oxide and its various properties to get a hold of this concept. Keep on reading and use this concept page as your revision note to ace the exams.

Iron III Oxide: What Are Its Formula and Chemical Properties?

Iron III Oxide is one of the most common oxides you have studied in the previous classes. You will find more elaborate information related to this oxide when you advance to a higher class. This time, a section of the chapter has been dedicated to this oxide so that you can learn how it behaves in different physical and chemical conditions.

The chemical formula of Iron III Oxide is Fe2O3. It is obtained from a mineral ore called hematite. It is mined and then processed to obtain iron oxide for extracting the metal. Iron is also called Ferrum in Latin. The valency of this metal is 2 and 3. When it combines with valency 3, it is called Ferric. When it combines with other elements showing valency 2, it is called Ferrous. In this segment, we will study about this Iron Oxide and its chemical properties. The IUPAC name of Fe2O3 is Ferric Oxide. This oxide occurs in nature in a neutral state as it is properly balanced in terms of valence electrons.

Let Us Check the Physical Properties of This Oxide

  • The formula of this oxide is Fe2O3

  • The molecular mass of this oxide is 159.69 g/mole.

  • The density of this oxide is 5.242 g/cm3.

  • The melting point of Iron III Oxide is 1566 °C.

In this section, you will find out how Iron III Oxide is formed by chemically reacting with oxygen and forming the electrovalent bonds. The proper description of the chemical structure along with an illustrated image will help you grab hold of the concept properly. In fact, you will also find how the systematic name for Fe2O3 is given by the Chemistry experts. Understand the importance of the name and how it is assigned to this oxide for future references. By learning the method, you can also understand and discover how other oxides are named.

Chemical Properties of Iron III Oxide

As you all know that this is an oxide included in the chemistry chapter related to metals, you will have to study its chemical properties elaborately. On this concept page, you will find out how the experts have perfectly segmented the properties along with good examples. This elaboration has been done using simple language so that students of all merit levels can understand it properly.

Let Us Take a Quick Look Into the Chemical Properties of Iron III Oxide Fe2O3.

  • Iron III oxide is basic in nature. It forms a weak base when dissolved in water. The name of that base is Ferric Hydroxide (Fe(OH)3).

  • Its alkaline properties can be observed when it reacts with an acid to form the respective inorganic salt and water at the end of an acid-base reaction.

  • The oxidation state of the metal in this oxide is +3.

  • It is not soluble in water but strongly soluble in strong acid.

You will find the proper elaboration of these properties along with the iron 3 oxide balanced equation for each one of the points.

Uses of Iron III Oxide Fe2O3

After learning the Fe2O3 chemical name and chemical properties, you will proceed to the section where you will find its uses. It is used to manufacture die inks for stamping. It is the prime constituent used in various industries manufacturing pain, plastic, pharmaceutical products, ink and cosmetics. It is also used as a natural pigment.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the formula for iron 3 oxide?

The formula name of iron 3 oxide is Ferric Oxide. ‘Ferric’ is used when this metal uses its valency 3. Its formula is Fe2O3. You will learn about this oxide’s physical and chemical properties elaborately from this concept page.

2. What is Fe2O3?

Fe2O3 is a metal oxide formed from the oxidation of iron. It occurs naturally in the ores such as hematite. It acts as a weak alkali when dissolved in water. It also responds in acid-base reaction to form respective salts with different acids.

3. How Iron III Oxide is produced?

You will find the exact process for the production of iron III oxide in the extraction of the metals section of this concept page.