What You Need to Know about Dihydrogen Monoxide
So, what is dihydrogen monoxide? It is the scientific name of water but is rarely used. Technically, DHMO or dihydrogen monoxide is the right name for water. However, the other names include hydric acid, dihydrogen oxide, hydronium hydroxide and hydrogen hydroxide.
What is Dihydrogen?
Dihydrogen monoxide is a tasteless, colourless and odourless chemical compound. It is also one of the essential elements of acid rain which is called hydroxy acid. Dihydrogen monoxide even contributes to the greenhouse effect while accelerating the corrosion of different metals. While water appears in the form of a covalent compound, dihydrogen monoxide seems to be ionic. Hence, water and hydrogen monoxide are in no ways similar.
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This picture depicts the structure of dihydrogen monoxide.
The literal meaning of dihydrogen monoxide is two hydrogens and one oxygen. It results in dihydrogen monoxide formula, which is H2O or OH2.
Most Important Chemical Properties of Dihydrogen Monoxide Include:
Melting point: 32°F
Boiling point: 100°C
Density: 997 kg/m3
Chemical formula: OH2
Molar mass or molecular weight: 18.01528 g/mol
Physical Properties of Dihydrogen Monoxide:
Appearance: colourless liquid
Odour: odourless liquid
surface tension: 71.99 mN/m at 25°C
Dihydrogen Monoxide Uses
In sp[ite of possible dangers of this compound, it is still used regularly by government, private homes and the industry agencies across the world.
Widely used in the form of an additive in different food products, especially junk foods. It is even used in pesticide distribution.
Dihydrogen monoxide is also used in different nuclear power units and the form of an industrial solvent and coolant.
It is used for the manufacture of polystyrene along with other varieties of packaging materials.
It is used in the propulsion systems of different old shops.
Dihydrogen monoxide finds usage in the Styrofoam production and the manufacture of chemical and biological weapons.
Elite athletes use it for improving their performance while it even serves as one of the essential ingredients in the majority of the home-brewed bombs.
Dihydrogen monoxide makes the development of genetically engineered animals and crops a possibility, and it is even used in the form of spray-on fire retardants and suppressants.
The reproductive health centres or family planning clinics use dihydrogen monoxide on an extensive scale.
It is used in cultural rituals; by children playing Beyblades; by customers at bathhouses; by individuals during marches and rallies; by terrorist organizations and by software engineers involved in the production of DICOM and other software tools.
Dihydrogen monoxide is also used in the form of a by-product of the combustion of hydrogen in air conditioning compressor uses and furnaces.
The daycare centres use it for sanitary purposes.
It is used for maintaining chemical balance in the community swimming pools.
The use of dihydrogen monoxide is quite prevalent in industries involved in the dumping of toxic waste.
The compound is also used in the distribution and production of pesticides and laboratories meant for animal research.
One thing quite surprising about dihydrogen monoxide is that it is used in places and products that might be used regularly by individuals and thus might pose a real threat to the good health of the users. Among the startling uses of dihydrogen monoxide, these are the ones worth noting:
In medicines for cough and other pharmaceutical products.
In baby formulas and foods and even in different carbonated beverages, fruit juices and soups.
In oven cleaners.
In bathtub bubble items.
In shaving creams, shampoos and deodorants along with other bath products.
As a preservative in grocery stores.
In beer production
In stellar and planetary research.
Dangers Associated with the Use of Dihydrogen Monoxide
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This image depicts the dangers of using dihydrogen monoxide.
Dihydrogen monoxide appears in the form of a causative element in different deaths. It is also one of the significant contributors to the large scale damages caused to properties and environment. A few of the major dangers associated with the use of dihydrogen monoxide are as follows:
Serious tissue damages can be caused if an individual remains exposed to solid DHMO for a very long time.
Accidental inhalation of dihydrogen monoxide can cause death even if it is inhaled in very small amounts.
Excessive DHMO ingestion might produce several unpleasant side-effects. However, these side-effects are in no ways life-threatening.
Dihydrogen monoxide forms one of the most important elements of acid rain.
It even contributes to the erosion of soil.
Gaseous dihydrogen monoxide causes serious burns.
Long-term exposure to solid DHMO decreases the effectiveness of vehicle brakes.
If DHMO contaminates electrical systems, it might result in short-circuits.
Dihydrogen monoxide can also result in the oxidation and corrosion of different metals.
It is found in the biopsies of precancerous lesions and tumours.
1. What are the Most Important Signs of Dihydrogen Monoxide Overdose?
It is not always possible to recognize the overdose of dihydrogen monoxide. Some of the most common symptoms of an overdose of dihydrogen monoxide include:
Serum hypotonicity or hypernatremia
Sodium homeostasis degeneration
Imbalanced levels of ICF and ECF in blood.
If any of these symptoms are experienced in close contact with DHMO, immediate doctor supervision is advisable.
2. Does DHMO Toxicity Affect the Patients of Kidney Dialysis?
Yes, an overdose of the compound can have a significant effect on the patients of kidney dialysis. DHMO overdose in such patients can result in pulmonary oedema, hypertension and heart failure as well. Despite such dire consequences of using dihydrogen monoxide in patients with kidney failures, a major part of the population of these patients still uses DHMO regularly. They take it with the intention that it improves performance, but even sports-medicine experts are of the view that excessive DHMO might result in unwanted complications and side-effects. It helps in improving athletic performance, but an overdose can be dangerous not just for the kidney patients but even for the expert athletes.