Types of compounds
The organic compound is a chemical compound of living things which contains Carbon and carbon atoms because of their relations with organisms. All things in the universe can be called living things like foodstuffs(fats, proteins, carbohydrates), comfort, health, and so on, are all as organic compounds. Some of the compounds are not classified as organic compounds are carbides, carbonates, cyanides. The concept of organic is not so easy in the case of CO2. It is a Carbon atom which is not considered an organic compound because it is bonded to two oxygen atom. Some compounds discovered earlier as organic compounds like carbonates, cyanides, CO and CO2. When it was not discovered it is considered as inorganic compounds, and this process still continues. In Chemistry, it explains the structure, properties, reactions and other factors about organic molecules. It is used by our scientists for the creation of a number of valuable products. Organic compounds have virtually composed a set of compounds which is a chemical structure includes carbon that relates to other elements. Organic compounds are most notable as hydrocarbons which are used as fuels. An organic compound has molecules which contain carbon and hydrogen atoms. These compounds can be solid, liquid, and gaseous.
Organic Molecules associated with living organisms. Organic Compounds include nucleic acids, fats, sugars, proteins, enzymes, and hydrocarbon fuels. It is found in all three physical states in room temperature.
An inorganic compound is a chemical compound which is the opposite of an organic compound. It can be considered as a compound which does not contain carbon –to– hydrogen bond, which calls C-H bond. Organic compounds tend to be geologically based minerals compounds that don’t contain carbon-to-hydrogen bonds. There are many compounds which are countless that falls under this category. All over, the majority of all compounds are inorganic in nature in this whole universe. That’s why inorganic compounds have an overwhelming amount of applications and many practical uses in this real world. Since most of the compounds in this universe are inorganic which contains several types of metals (alkali, transition, etc) they tend to be able to conduct electricity.
|Basis||Organic Compound||Inorganic Compound|
|Presence||The presence of carbon atoms||Inorganic doesn’t have carbon atoms|
|Consistency||It posses of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon||Inorganic doesn't consist of Hydrogen or oxygen|
|Nature||more volatile and highly inflammable||non-volatile and not inflammable|
|Forms||It exists in the form of Solid, liquid and gas||It exists in the form of Solid only, not liquid and gas|
|Soluble||insoluble in water||soluble in water and non-soluble in some of the organic substances|
|Bonds||carbon-hydrogen bonds or covalent bonds||do not have the carbon-hydrogen bonds or ionic bonds between the atoms of molecules|
|Examples||fats, nucleic acids, sugars, enzymes, proteins, hydrocarbon fuels, methane, ethane, acetylene, alcohols||non-metals, salts, metals, acids, bases, substances, carbon dioxide, sulphuric acid, NaCl, diamond|
|rate of reaction||Rate of reaction is slow in organic compounds||Display high rate of reaction in inorganic compounds|
|complexity in nature||biological and more complex in nature||not much complexity in nature|
|aqueous solutions||poor conductors of heat and electricity||good conductors of heat and electricity|
|Obtained||Obtained in living matter, i.e., animals and plants||Obtained from non-living matter, i.e., minerals|
|covalence of carbon||Unable to make salts||Make salts|
|Composition||Few elements only, commonly hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur.||All the known elements|
|Melting Points||Lower melting and boiling points||Higher melting and boiling points|
|Solutions||Insoluble in water, soluble in organic solvents||Readily soluble in water, insoluble in organic solvents|
|Inflammable||Highly inflammable and volatile||Not inflammable and non – volatile|