Difference Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Examples of Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Types of compounds

Compounds are of two types namely:

  • 1. Organic compounds

  • 2. Inorganic compounds

  • Organic Compounds:

    The organic compound is a chemical compound of living things which contains Carbon and carbon atoms because of their relations with organisms. All things in the universe can be called living things like foodstuffs(fats, proteins, carbohydrates), comfort, health, and so on, are all as organic compounds. Some of the compounds are not classified as organic compounds are carbides, carbonates, cyanides. The concept of organic is not so easy in the case of CO2. It is a Carbon atom which is not considered an organic compound because it is bonded to two oxygen atom. Some compounds discovered earlier as organic compounds like carbonates, cyanides, CO and CO2. When it was not discovered it is considered as inorganic compounds, and this process still continues. In Chemistry, it explains the structure, properties, reactions and other factors about organic molecules. It is used by our scientists for the creation of a number of valuable products. Organic compounds have virtually composed a set of compounds which is a chemical structure includes carbon that relates to other elements. Organic compounds are most notable as hydrocarbons which are used as fuels. An organic compound has molecules which contain carbon and hydrogen atoms. These compounds can be solid, liquid, and gaseous. 

    There are some characteristics of organic compounds are:- 

    • It can be isolated as well as prepared in the laboratory.
    • It comprises of almost 90% of all compounds.
    • It builds up only 3 elements - carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
    • It creates complex structures and high molecular weights.
    • Their characteristics are decided by certain active items or group of items are known as the functional group of atoms.

    There are some types of organic compounds which categorized into 4 parts namely: 
  • 1. carbohydrates

  • 2. lipids

  • 3. proteins

  • 4. Nucleic Acids

  • Some Examples of Organic Compounds or Molecules

    Organic Molecules associated with living organisms. Organic Compounds include nucleic acids, fats, sugars, proteins, enzymes, and hydrocarbon fuels. It is found in all three physical states in room temperature. 

  • • Solid phase

  • • Liquid phase

  • • Gas phase

  • Inorganic Compounds:

    An inorganic compound is a chemical compound which is the opposite of an organic compound. It can be considered as a compound which does not contain carbon –to– hydrogen bond, which calls C-H bond. Organic compounds tend to be geologically based minerals compounds that don’t contain carbon-to-hydrogen bonds. There are many compounds which are countless that falls under this category. All over, the majority of all compounds are inorganic in nature in this whole universe. That’s why inorganic compounds have an overwhelming amount of applications and many practical uses in this real world. Since most of the compounds in this universe are inorganic which contains several types of metals (alkali, transition, etc) they tend to be able to conduct electricity.

     For eg. While in the solid state, inorganic compounds contain poor conductors of electricity. However, in the liquid phase, the compounds are highly conductive. They are held very rigid and creates extremely high melting and boiling points. Inorganic compounds are generally high colored and create bright and beautiful colors which one sees when fireworks explode. It comprises simple compounds that contain carbon is to be considered as an inorganic element. Some examples are carbon dioxide, cyanates, carbon monoxide, carbonates, cyanides, carbides, and thiocyanates. These compounds are vital to our life. Inorganic compounds are quite simple, as they do not mix the complex molecular bonds which contain carbon as possible. The most common example of an inorganic compound is sodium chloride, which is commonly called household salt. This compound contains only 2 atoms, Sodium (Na) and Chloride (Cl).

    Some important examples of inorganic compounds are:-

    1. H2O: Water is an inorganic compound, that contains hydrogen, which is a key atom (along with carbon) used in many organic compounds. The molecule atoms of water have formed in very simple bonds due to this insufficiency of carbon.

    2. HCL: Hydrochloride is known as hydrochloric acid, it is a colorless mixture when it dissolved in water, corrosive acid with a fairly strong PH. It is found in the gastric juices of many animals, which helps in digestion by breaking down food. 

    3. CO2: Carbon dioxide, which contains the presence of a carbon atom that classifieds as inorganic compounds. This contains carbon or a hydrocarbon, which forms a strong bond.

    4. NO2: Nitrogen dioxide gas, which presents most of the varieties of colors at different temperatures. It produces atmospheric nuclear tests, and it is responsible for the significant reddish color displayed in mushroom clouds. It generates highly toxic acids, and forms fairly bonds between nitrogen and oxygen atoms.

    5. Fe2O3: Iron (III) oxide is mainly categorized as one of the three main oxides of iron, and it is an inorganic compound which lacks the carbon atoms or hydrocarbon. It is the most important source of iron which is used in steel production. It is generally called as rust and shares a number of characteristics which it occurs.

    The problem to understand the difference between Organic And Inorganic compound. Here it is described in a significant manner.

    Both are the primary basis in Chemistry. The term Organic compound is also called organic chemistry and the other term, Inorganic is also termed as Inorganic Chemistry. The very basic difference is that organic compound contains carbon atoms while on the other hand; inorganic doesn't contain the carbon atoms. Practically all the organic compounds contain the carbon-hydrogen or we can write C-H also. 

    The most important difference is organic compounds are the living things whereas the inorganic compounds are the natural processes which do not experiment in humans or not related to earth. 

    BasisOrganic CompoundInorganic Compound
    PresenceThe presence of carbon atomsInorganic doesn’t have carbon atoms
    ConsistencyIt posses of hydrogen, oxygen, carbonInorganic doesn't consist of Hydrogen or oxygen
    Naturemore volatile and highly inflammablenon-volatile and not inflammable
    FormsIt exists in the form of Solid, liquid and gas It exists in the form of Solid only, not liquid and gas
    Solubleinsoluble in watersoluble in water and non-soluble in some of the organic substances
    Bonds carbon-hydrogen bonds or covalent bondsdo not have the carbon-hydrogen bonds or ionic bonds between the atoms of molecules
    Examplesfats, nucleic acids, sugars, enzymes, proteins, hydrocarbon fuels, methane, ethane, acetylene, alcoholsnon-metals, salts, metals, acids, bases, substances, carbon dioxide, sulphuric acid, NaCl, diamond
    rate of reactionRate of reaction is slow in organic compoundsDisplay high rate of reaction in inorganic compounds
    complexity in naturebiological and more complex in naturenot much complexity in nature
    aqueous solutionspoor conductors of heat and electricitygood conductors of heat and electricity
    ObtainedObtained in living matter, i.e., animals and plantsObtained from non-living matter, i.e., minerals
    covalence of carbonUnable to make salts Make salts
    CompositionFew elements only, commonly hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur. All the known elements
    Melting PointsLower melting and boiling pointsHigher melting and boiling points
    SolutionsInsoluble in water, soluble in organic solventsReadily soluble in water, insoluble in organic solvents
    InflammableHighly inflammable and volatileNot inflammable and non – volatile
    IsomerismExhibitcoordination compounds