Class 11 Chemistry NCERT Books with Free Solutions
The key publisher behind Class 11 CBSE textbooks and an autonomous organization that is responsible for setting up the academic curriculum for CBSE schools across the nation as well, the NCERT Books for Class 11 Chemistry students are of indispensable value, especially to those who are planning to appear for their Class 11 CBSE final exams soon.
Does the thought of Chemistry ever strike fear in you? If yes, then maybe our Class 11 Chemistry NCERT Book Free PDF Download will solve your problem. This PDF includes topics as prescribed in the CBSE Class 11 syllabus in a chapter wise format, thus making sure that you don't miss out anything and understanding every single concept in detail. The concepts are showcased in the form of questions and answers are provided in a step-by-step format, thus simplifying them and making them easy to grasp.
Class 11 Chemistry NCERT Books
Chemistry is the core science among the other sciences and serves as a branching point to other fields. It is used interchangeably alongside Physics and Biology in other STEM-related careers which is why it is often referred to as the 'heart' of all sciences. From the vinegar you use in cooking to the very toothpaste you use and medicines too, you can see various applications and innovations of Chemistry in your everyday life. If you're planning to get into toxicology, medicine or any STEM-related career for the matter, you need Chemistry.
Which brings us back to the point - our NCERT Chemistry Book Class 11 PDF free download. From the very moment you download this PDF, you will be walked through lessons such as the Structure of Atom, States of Matter, Thermodynamics to lessons like Hydrocarbons and Environmental Chemistry. No stone is left unturned in the NCERT Books Free Download PDF for Class 11 Chemistry as all the 14 key chapters of the Class 11 CBSE syllabus are included in these PDFs, thus ensuring that students get a thorough revision before their final exams. Below are the details of all chapters.
Chapter 1 – Some basic concepts of Chemistry
In this chapter, we understand the basic term ‘Chemistry’ and its importance. The chapter also covers the topics like Nature of matter, its properties, and measurement, Law of Chemical combinations as well. Through this chapter, we can get a clear understanding of Dalton’s Atomic Theory, in-depth knowledge of Atomic and Molecular masses mole concept and molar masses, together with percentage composition. There is a whole topic of stoichiometry and stoichiometric Calculations that are covered properly in this chapter. This chapter includes various problems along with solutions and 36 questions by the end that students can solve to check their concepts.
Chapter 2 – Structure of Atom
This chapter covers the overall ideas and concepts regarding Atoms for students to get a clear understanding of this essential topic. It also explains the sub-atomic particles and atomic models in a very detailed manner. We also get a hang of the developments that lead to the Bohr’s model of an atom and its concept with a hydrogen atom. By the end, we get an in-depth understanding of the quantum mechanical model of an atom. There are various problems with solutions in the middle of the chapter and 67 questions by the end for students to test their concepts.
Chapter 3 – the classification of elements and periodicity in properties
In this chapter, we understand the importance and necessity to classify elements. The chapter starts with the very question ‘why do we need to classify elements?’ and after that, we move on to the Genesis of periodic classification and further explains topics like Law of modern periodic with the current form of the periodic table and periodic trends in properties of elements. More topics such as Nomenclature of elements with Atomic number > 100 and Electronic configurations and its types of elements are also covered clearly in this chapter. There are many problems with solutions and 40 questions for students to solve by the end of this chapter.
Chapter 4 – Chemical bonding and molecular structure
The chapter covers the complete concept of ‘chemical bonding’ with the approach of Kossel-Lewis, further moves on to the Ionic or Electrovalent bond and parameters of a bond. We also understand various theories in a very detailed manner such as Valence shell electron pair repulsive (VSEPR) theory, Valence bond theory, and Molecular orbital theory in this chapter. Many major topics like Hybridisation, Bonding in a few Homonuclear Molecules and Hydrogen bonding are also well-explained through various diagrams and chats. There are 40 questions to solve in this chapter.
Chapter 5 – States of matter
In this chapter, we learn about the various states of matter that are gas, energy, and liquid. The detailed understanding of Intermolecular forces, Thermal energy, and their differences are discussed in this chapter. The complete concept of gas with topics like law of gas, gaseous state, ideal gas equations, and Kinetic molecular theory of gases are covered in this chapter in a very clear manner. Further conceptual topics like Behavior of real gases, Liquifaction of gases and liquid state are also explained in this chapter. This chapter comprises 23 questions for students to test their knowledge.
Chapter 6 – Thermodynamics
This chapter deals with the term ‘Thermodynamics while covering the complete concept with its applications. The prime topics covered in a clear manner are Measurement of Calorimetry, Enthalpy Change of a reaction along with different kinds of reactions. We also understand the meaning of Spontaneity and Gibbs Energy change and Equilibrium by the end of the chapter. There are many problems with the solutions and 22 questions provided in this chapter to solve for the preparation of examination.
Chapter 7 – Equilibrium
This chapter solely deals with the concept of Equilibrium. It starts with equilibrium with physical processes and chemical processes. The chemical processes also referred to as ‘Dynamic Equilibrium’. Further, the chapter provides in-depth knowledge about the law of chemical equilibrium and its constant along with its application, Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Constants as well. With this chapter, we closely understand the vital connection of Reaction quotient Q, and Gibbs Energy G and Equilibrium Constant K. This chapter covers more prime topics like points influencing Equilibria, Solutions in Ionic Equilibrium, the complete concept about acids basis and salts together with Ionization. There are 73 questions and many problems with solutions to practice the concepts in this chapter.
Chapter 8 – Redox Reactions
In this chapter, we get familiar with classical concepts of Redox Reactions that are Reduction and Oxidation Reactions. It also covers redox reactions with respect to Electron transfer reaction, concepts of oxidation number with its proper definition and various important rules, types of redox reactions and electrode processes, basic oxidation methods and limitations. The chapter comprises various problems with solutions and 30 questions for students to solve during the examinations.
Chapter 9 – Hydrogen
This chapter deals with a very important term ‘Hydrogen’ and its position in the periodic table. It further deals with the concepts of Dihydrogen that cover its preparations, various properties, and uses as well in a very detailed manner. Then it also discusses the complete topic of Hydrides, physical properties of water, the structure of ice and water, its chemical properties and types of hardness as well. This chapter covers Hydrogen Peroxide in a very detailed manner as well. In this chapter, there are many problems with solutions and 36 questions to solve by the end.
Chapter 10 – The s- Block Elements
This chapter talks about various elements like Alkali metals, its general characteristics, properties, and various other topics. We understand the Biological importance of potassium, sodium, calcium, and magnesium as well. Then it moves on to the Alkaline earth metals by covering all its characteristics, properties and uses too. It also explains the diagonal relationship between Aluminium and Beryllium, Anomalous properties of Lithium, Important compounds of Sodium, Calcium, and Anomalous behavior of Beryllium. In this chapter, we get familiar with various compounds of various elements and their uses as well. There are various problems with solutions and 32 questions to solve for the students in this chapter.
Chapter 11 – The p- Block Elements
This chapter covers a very important topic for the students. It helps to understand the elements of the p-block from the modern periodic table, and differences in properties of these elements because of the impact of some electrons inside the different elements that are heavy. We learn about the Boron family; Anomalous properties, important compounds, and its uses. The chapter also has topics like the Carbon family; it trends, Anomalous behavior, allotropes, and compounds of silicon as well. There are various problems with solutions and 38 questions to solve by the end of this chapter.
Chapter 12 – Organic Chemistry - basic principles and techniques
The chapter starts with a general introduction to the organic compounds, and then topics like Tetravalence of Carbon, structural representations of Organic Compounds together with its classification and nomenclature are explained in a very clear manner. We also get familiar with the term Isomerism, purification, organic reaction and qualitative analysis of organic compounds in this chapter. There are 40 questions to practice for the students by the end of this chapter.
Chapter 13 – Hydrocarbons
The chapter starts with the introduction of the term ‘Hydrocarbons’ in a detailed manner, following its classification as it has various types. The topics of Alkynes cover its properties, preparations, and reactions. It also explains the Aromatic Hydrocarbons, the structure of Benzene, its stability, and preparations, and then the concept of Aromaticity. The exercise by the end of the chapter includes 25 questions for students to solve.
Chapter 14 – Environmental Chemistry
This chapter is very important as it introduces the general environmental issues we face in our daily life. In the chapter, we cover the topic of Environmental pollution; atmospheric, water, and soil which are further classified along with their causes and explained in a very detailed format. The environmental issues, strategies to control environmental pollution, green chemistry are some prime topics covered in a very clear manner in this chapter. There are 20 questions by the end for students to do in this chapter.
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