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Last updated date: 23rd Apr 2024
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Meaning of Spitz

Spitz is a group of northern dogs, including the chow, Pomeranian, and Samoyed. They are often characterized as dogs that are dense and have long coats with pointed ears and curvy tails. Many dogs are under the category of Spitz, like Finnish Spitz, the Eskimo, Greenland dog, and the Lapland spitz. 

Spitz Breed: The dog is not actually a breed but a classification of a group of dogs. It is often used to describe several breeds that share common characteristics and ancestors. They are descendants from ancient breeds of the Arctic region, even though, lately, they are developed worldwide. 

Characteristics of Spitz 

They can also fit in northern climates with harsh conditions as they have a waterproof and insulating undercoat. In addition, their ears contain fur, which prevents frostbite. Some breeds like chow chow have characteristics that revolve around independence, leading to aggression. At the same time, others work well in urban settings and can be managed as pets.


All Spitz have double coats that give them the fluffy appearance due to the thick undercoat. They have wolf-like appearances. Most spitzes are seen having pointed yet small ears with almond-shaped eyes. They have a fluffy tail that is always seen to be curled upwards. 

They are best suited as companions or lap dogs. The tiny Pomeranian belonging to the Spitz category is most famous when it comes to lapdogs.  

The spitz breed is likely to develop a strong bond with humans and loves to play with their owners. They are very cheerful and friendly. However, they are very stubborn dogs that carry an independent mindset. 

It is best to provide them with consistent training from an early age. They are not best suited for first-time dog owners as they can be difficult to handle initially. 

The Wolfspitz and even German Spitz are known to be very affectionate, loyal as well as energetic. They were bred as watchdogs. Spitz is often recognized for keeping a smiling mouth. They include breeds of sled dogs, hunting dogs, herding dogs, Asian breeds, companion dogs, and extinct breeds.  

Where Does Spitz Dog Originate from? 

These dogs typically originate from the cold regions of the arctic, though their origin is not completely confirmed. They probably have originated from Russia, Scandinavia, and North America. They were originally bred to help humans with the outdoor work that included hunting, pulling sleds, and herding. The small Pomeranians also pulled the sled at the time as they were much bigger in size earlier. 

About the Spitz Family 

Here are some of the best Spitz type dogs:

  • Japanese Spitz: This Spitz breeds type is a small to medium breed. However, they are larger than their cousins, Pomeranians. They are often confused with the white Pomeranian, American Eskimo dog, and Samoyed. They are a new breed but very popular because of their temperament. They have a very thick white double coat. They were bred as companion dogs and can prefer to reside in a house with humans rather than out in the cold weather. They also need to be off their leash for some time to feel safe. They are very loyal dogs and are famous for their courage and devotion that makes them great watchdogs. They are ideal companions for children as well as older adults. Despite being very small in size, they bark very loudly to warn the owners about the arrival of strangers. They love being a part of the family and getting attention. Overall, they are very playful and intelligent. 

  • American Eskimo Dog: Originated from Germany, the American Eskimo dog is a proud member of the Spitz family. They are often exported as German spitz, but the breeds have considerably varied standards. They are white in color with a very soft and dense coat. These white Spitz dogs are amazing companions and watchdogs that make them very famous in America and worldwide. 

  • Pomeranian: Pomeranian gets its name from the northwest region of Poland, Pomerania. Pomeranian is a Spinz dog that is classified as a toy dog breed because of the small size. They are compact with a textured coat. The most common colors of Pomeranian are white, black, orange, and cream. They are friendly and playful dogs. They can be aggressive in front of other dogs and humans on account of trying to prove themselves. They are well aware of their environment and are defensive of their territory. Pomeranians are intelligent dogs as well as extroverted. They get trained well too and are one of the most popular breeds of dogs.

  • German Spitz: They are as large as Pomeranian and even share the same ancestry with them. Long-haired and double-coated, they have a wool-like undercoat and vary in size, consisting of Wolfsspitz, Giant Spitz, Medium spitz, Miniature Spitz, and Pomeranian. They are intelligent dogs that can be highly trained. They are lively and attentive, just like other spitz dogs. They are stubborn but manageable and would make great companion dogs because of their undying devotion to their owners. They were originally kept as dogs used for herding and guarding and are now famous as small companion dogs. 

  • Chow Chow: Originated from northern China, Chow Chow are built dogs and have a dense double coat. Their coat is of either red, black, cinnamon, or cream color. They are commonly kept as pets and are highly protective of their owners. They are not very active and are fit for apartments though they should indulge in daily exercises that keep them from getting bored. These chow spitz dog are well behaved and get attached to their owners as they grow. However, they should be given training at an early age as they then gain respect for people they care about. As they are amazing with kids, Japanese even consider chow chow as nanny dogs. However, they are considered high-risk dogs, which results in increasing the cost of the insurance. 

  • Samoyed: The Samoyed is a medium-sized breed with white double layer coats. They are spitz-type dogs. They are friendly but are poor guard dogs. They are always smiling and have a happy expression which gives them the nickname “smiley dog.” They have a high tendency to bark. Samoyed are excellent companions to children and are very playful throughout their lifetime. Samoyed should always be involved in something or the other, as it is said that when and if they are bored, they tend to destroy things and start to dig. 

  • Finish Spitz: As the name suggests, Finnish Spitz has originated from Finland and is a member of the Spitz family. The Finnish Spitz has been the national dog of Finland. It was originally bred to hunt squirrels, rodents, and even bears. In Finland, it is often used as a hunting dog. However, they are known to be friendly and are suitable for domestic life because of their love for children. They are an active breed and will not adapt well to an apartment setting as they need proper outdoor exercises. They are considered to be very good with children and are always ready to play. The breed tends to be very protective of its owner and family. They will get along with other pets around, especially if raised with the same. However, as they hunt dogs, they are not very reliable around small animals in the house. 

  • Greenland Dog: Greenland dog is a sled dog and belongs to the just type of a group of dogs. It is a heavily built and powerful dog. They have high physical strength and stamina as they are working dogs. They can travel rough terrains with ease. They are only considered working dogs, and their condition has not changed much from their original cause. They have thick fur that lets them survive in cold weather conditions and have strong and muscular legs. They are of great significance in Greenland. As in Greenland, it is illegal to import any dog and all dogs microchipped and registered. 

  • Siberian Husky: A medium-sized sled dog breed, the Siberian husky is another famous member of the Spitz family. They usually howl and not bark. They are usually friendly and cannot be used as a guardian dog. They are not aggressive at all and are actually very gentle. The dog can be tough to handle as it is huge and strong. Siberian huskies are very intelligent, making them stubborn, which can be dangerous for the owner. They should be well-trained from an early age that will help the owner tackle them. They are highly popular as companion dogs and are amazing playmates for children. They are adventurous and even the most loyal dogs. 

  • Keeshond: They are proudly the national symbol of Dutch and have originated from Holland. They were originally meant to be guard dogs and were companions to those working on Dutch Vessels. They usually are a mix of grey, black, and even white color. They tend to be very playful and have quick reflexes. They are a people pleaser and are very quick and eager to learn. They can be very well trained and are often seen as guide dogs for the blind too. They are perfect family dogs and love to play around with children. They get along with other pets as well and are very playful with them too. However, they can be clingy towards their owners and are even referred to as the ‘owner's shadow.' They have a loud bark and are popular watchdogs. They should be let around humans and should be allowed to be involved in the family. Otherwise, they get unhappy when alone.

Points to Consider Before Choosing a Spitz

  • Direct Bloodline of the Pup: It is very important to bring home a healthy dog, and for that proper history of the dog is required to avoid any issues related to genetics. 

  • Spitz Care: You have to choose their food carefully and avoid processed food that contains any additives. The Spitz family of dogs needs regular exercising, and so daily walks are a must. Spitz is prone to dental issues, and so it is advised to wash their teeth daily. Make sure the spitz receives all the necessary vaccinations at a young age itself. The owners should visit the vet at least once in 6 months to check up on the well-being of their dog. 

  • Spitz is Shredding and Grooming: As all the spitz dogs are double-coated, they tend to shed a lot. They need to be groomed regularly, and their skin needs to be kept clean to avoid any infection. A spitz should be given a bath once a week with a good quality dog shampoo. They are probes to SHLS with severe hair loss syndrome, and if the pet is losing hair uncontrollably, then the owner should immediately consult the vet for treatment. 

  • Training: They should receive firm and continuous training. They are energetic but get bored very easily, so it is better to indulge in new tricks and activities every day. Their barking habits should be controlled at the beginning itself. 

FAQs on Spitz

Q.1. Why Should You Adopt Spitz Dogs?

All in all, Spitz is a great dog. They go long back and are still a very popular breed. However, spitz dogs go way back, and some are recently bred, which leads to some differences in their temperaments. 

Q.2. How Many Types of Spitz Dogs are There?

Almost 12 types of dogs come under Spitz, and all have similarities as they come from the same line. They come in all sizes and colors and are found in almost all parts of the world now. One of the best dogs if you want to keep it as a pet, these dogs have pointed ears, muzzles, and beautiful thick fur. As you read above, you can opt for sled, hunting, herding, Asian, and companion dogs as per your preference and likes.

Q.3. Are Wolves and Spitz Dogs Related?

It is quite interesting that the spitz dog is known to have a genetic link with wolves. Although the wolves from prehistoric times are now extinct, they have passed on their legacy to speech dog, often noticed in the Arctic Sled Dogs.