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Last updated date: 20th Apr 2024
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What is Pig?

Pigs are often referred to as swine or hogs. Male pigs of any age are called boars; sows are called female pigs. Pigs are found and raised worldwide and provide human beings with useful items, including meat, lard, leather, glue, fertilizer, and several medicines. As they produce more lean meat than lard, fat used in cooking, most pigs raised in the United States are known as meat-type pigs. From leaves, roots, and fruit to rodents and small reptiles, pigs consume everything in the wild. Farm-raised pigs consume commercially made diets mainly of maize in the United States. Pigs in Europe consume diets that are based on barley. Pigs have tusks that are sharp and help them dig and fight. To avoid injury to humans and other pigs, farmers sometimes take off the tusks. Sows give birth to a youthful litter called piglets. For three to five weeks, they normally nurse the piglets. Piglets weaned off the milk of their mother are not called piglets, but are known as shoats. Pigs are not dirty creatures, considering their reputation. They're very clean indeed. The reputation of the pig as a dirty animal derives from its habit of cooling off by rolling in mud. Pigs living in cool, sheltered habitats remain very clean.

Children are always curious to know about the animals, so Vedantu has prepared complete know-how of pigs. This is going to be fun for the children to collect all the details about pig animals and share them with others. Next to this, they can end their curiosity once they start receiving the answer to their questions such as their scientific name, uses, parts and other facts about this animal. Apart from this, you do not have to look at different sources for getting the information as Vedantu has compiled all the data in a single place. 

What is the Scientific Name of Pig?

The pig is a mammal belonging to the order of Artiodactyla and the Suidae tribe, also known as the even-toed ungulate family. The family is further divided into four to eight genera, with domesticated pigs and wild boars belonging to the genus Sus. Species belonging to that genus are known to be suids or pigs; there are currently eight living species. The scientific name of the pig is Sus scrofa; because that also encompasses the wild boar or the Eurasian wild pig. The scientific name, or classification, for the domesticated pig full form sometimes extended to Sus scrofa domesticus.

The pig is a mammal that belongs to the order of Artiodactyla and to the family Suidae, which is also considered as an even-toed ungulate family. Also, the family is subdivided into four to eight other genera, with domesticated pigs and wild boars belonging to the Sus genus. Species belonging to that genus are known as suids or pigs; there are currently eight living species. Sus scrofa is the scientific name of the pig, and that includes the wild boar, or the Eurasian wild pig as well. The domesticated pig full form sometimes extended to Sus scrofa domesticus as a scientific name. 

Pig Breeds

Different types of pigs are categorized according to few basic types: Large-framed types of lard with a comparatively thick fat layer and carcasses typically weighing at least 100 kg; smaller types of bacon with a carcasses weight of approximately 70 kg; and pork types with a carcass weight of approximately 45 kg on average.

Few major types of pigs are listed below:

  • Berkshire

  • Chester White

  • Duroc

  • Hampshire

  • Landrace

  • Poland China

  • Spotted

  • Yorkshire

These are the most popular big breeds available in varied locations of the world. Pigs are bred to have varied breeds to fit in various niches and needs. Each breed is known to offer something special. If you are one of them who wants to conduct artificial insemination on the farm having varied breeds, then it will be no less than a surprise for you that pigs ears are also able to erect and they can also flop down. So, which breed erects with ears, it is the breed whose name ends with shire. So, you should have a bit of knowledge of all the breeds to get the right one for your farm.

The Yorkshire is the breed that has gained the most popularity in North America. This breed owns pink skin and they own erect ears. The second breed of Duroc is Duroc that has a solid red colour. They may have a chestnut or dark rusty colour of red. These pigs are popular for their longevity. Next comes the black coloured Berkshire having white points. They own white pointers on all their four feet, on their tail, and face. In total, they have 6 white pointers. Then, we have Landrace who are known for their long-bodied animals. Chester white is considered a durable breed and it is famous for its superb mothering skills. Now, Hampshire is known for producing lean carcasses that are lean. And, this breed also has erect ears. 

Pig Species

A pig is an animal that is included in the genus Sus and the Suidae family. Pigs, which are known to be the ancestor of all pigs, ranging from domestic to wild pigs. It is well recognized that these species are omnivores, and their food range is close to that of humans. In fact, between pigs and humans, there are so many significant similarities that pigs are sometimes used for human medical research.

  • Javan Warty Pig

  • Domestic Pig

  • Wild Boar

  • Philippine Warty Pig

  • Oliver's Warty Pig

  • Celebes Warty Pig

  • Visayan Warty Pig

  • Heude's Pig

  • Bornean Bearded Pig

  • Palawan Bearded Pig

Uses of Pig

Let’s discuss the uses of pigs in detail:


Pigs are believed to play an important role in medicine, with important materials coming from their skins. It is because they share with human beings a variety of physiological and anatomical similarities. It's been shown that the organ system of a pig is 80-90 percent equivalent to that of a human. Like humans, they are real omnivores. Such similarities make them a natural match for donating products, including pills, injection capsules, and creams, to make medicines.


This is possibly the most commonly produced pig-made object. Several clustered hair pore holes will easily distinguish the leather. Pig suede is the most manufactured type of leather in clothing used for the manufacture of leather coats and jackets. Peccary, however, is the most common leather that can be obtained from the hides of wild South American Neifer pigs, typically used to make very valuable gloves. Pig leather can also be used in leather hide drums, the hides are durable and ideally leather for musical drums.

Violin Strings

Everyone loves music, and maybe you are a violin fan. You may be surprised to know that there's a significant chance that you'll see pig products right there. The strings are often made of catgut, which in turn is made of different animal intestines, including those of pigs, from the walls. The use of pigs for violin strings is primarily because they handle difficult circumstances in their intestines and are thus suitable for continuous use.


The bristly hair of boars, which are male pigs, has been used for more than a few hundred years in the manufacture of hair and toothbrushes. These products have benefits for the human scalp and, when considering matters such as texture, boar hair is just like human hair. Its use encourages healthy hair growth, adds shine to the hair, creates softer but strong hair with decreased hair breakage and also affects the hair by uniformly distributing the scalp oils. Considering these benefits, it's no wonder that they are highly sought after.


In developing explosives and dynamites, oils, especially glycerin from pigs, are used. Even until now, the gelatin used in pig bones has been found to help move gunpowder into the projectile of a gun. When the substance is reacted with nitric acid via the nickel catalyst that creates nitroglycerin, the conversion of pig fat such as glycerin into an explosive is carried out. The late Alfred Nobel, a Swedish scientist, and chemist, first carried out this reaction. Dynamite quickly became a highly prioritized instrument for the mining and engineering sectors as a result.

Pig Facts

Pigs are among the most flexible animals that have been domesticated by humans. Though gluttonous, dirty, and not very bright are frequently stereotyped, anyone familiar with real pigs knows they are highly intelligent and complicated creatures. Here are some fun, surprising facts about pigs/swine facts.

  • Mud Wallowers: These animals lack adequate sweat glands to control their body temperatures properly, so on hot days they frequently wallow in mud to cool down. The mud is often used as a shield from the sun and as a way to protect your skin from parasites.

  • Extremely Intelligent: The pig is one of the planet's most intelligent creatures. It can sense time, remember things, navigate environments using learned knowledge, and engage in a variety of playful behaviors.

  • Special Among Hoofed Animals: They do not have multi-chambered ruminating stomachs, unlike most hoofed mammals, so they can not live off the grass and leaves alone. Also, pigs build nests for their young, unlike most hoofed beasts.

  • It's in the tail: By looking at its tail, the easiest way to tell if the animal is domesticated or wild is. Domestic pigs have curly tails, while there are straight tails for wild pigs.

  • Hundreds of breeds: In 2007, the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization reported that more than 740 domesticated pig classifications or breeds existed; 137 were listed as extinct, and 130 were classified as endangered.

Parts of a Pig

The Hocks

The joint between the tibia/fibula of the leg and the metatarsals of the foot is the hock or knuckle. From the front come the pork hocks; from the rear legs come the ham hocks.

Leg or Ham

The leg of ham is the pig's rear leg and is usually eaten somehow cured, smoked, and processed.

Belly of Pork

The belly of the pig is, as the name indicates, the belly of the pig. Bacon is the belly of pork, cured, smoked, and sliced.


This comes from picnic ham, which is generally the belly and breastbone of the lower portion of the pig. Behind the shoulder, they start and include 11 to 13 long bones. A mixture of both dark and light meat is used in country-style spareribs.

Shoulder Pork

The pork shoulder is a pork cut that comes from the front leg of the upper part of the shoulder and can include the bone of the blade. Boneless pork shoulder as a roast is popular. The most frequent cut used for pulled pork, a staple of barbecue in the southern United States, is the pork shoulder or pork butt.

Ham Picnic

The lower portion of the pig's shoulder is the picnic ham (sometimes referred to as the picnic shoulder) and is usually sold bone-in.

The Chop

The pork chop is cut from meat perpendicular to the spine, often from the loin, and is thick or thin, bone-in or boneless.


The loin of pork comes from the back of the pig and is usually big, lean, and very tender.


The part of the back from which the sirloin is cut is to the rear of the loin. Usually, this meat is sliced into chops and is lean and tender.

Baby Back Ribs

The baby’s back rib is the tenderest rib choice. Since these ribs come from the pork loin, rather than belly meat, the meat between the bones is loin meat.

Fun Facts

  • Enteledonts were pig-like species that lived about 16.3 million years ago, during the early Miocene period. In popular culture, they are often referred to as terminator pigs or hell pigs because they weighed about 1,000 pounds, stood up to 7 feet tall on the shoulder, and had several sets of teeth. They are believed to have been one of the top predators in the region around the American Badlands, and an apex predator.

  • Pigs have been recorded as being used in ancient tactics of warfare. Pigs were allegedly used by Alexander the Great as a counter-assault on elephants, as elephants were afraid of the loud squeals of a pig. Pigs have also been used in more recent wars to manufacture buried landmines for their acute sense of smell.

  • They make up for what they lack in eyesight with a squeal. Up to 130 decibels, pigs will scream! Compared to diesel engines at 80 decibels, with jet engines approaching 120 decibels, you can imagine how loud a group of pigs can be if they plan to create a commotion.

  • They could make a perfect marathon partner with scooting ground velocities that top out about 11 mph. They may not be the species of nature's fastest or fittest. But since their lung size is comparatively small in comparison to their body size, this attitude toward cardio is baffling.


Let’s conclude the Pig information we discussed above. The pig is an animal that can live on anything given, including domestic and farm waste, roots, leaves, and rice bran. But maize, barley, rice, oats, sorghum, alfalfa, clover, soya beans, etc. are the best forage crops for pigs. In the USA, the Corn Belt has the highest number of pigs. Pigs are easily kept indoors or outdoors, and their production is rapid as well. Within 4-6 months, the pigs are quickly fattened and hit peak condition. The quality of pork is very high, but it comes at a reasonable price. Even in the most heavily populated areas of China, where pasture is too small for much animal farming, pigs are also reared. The distribution of pigs globally is not constrained by climatic conditions. Either indoors or outdoors, it can be preserved anywhere. But because of religious considerations, pigs are not domesticated in many regions.

Thus, this was the detailed information about Pigs prepared and shared by the Vedantu experts. The information has been presented by the experts after research on their definition, climate in which they live, real and fun facts about the pigs, and parts of the pigs. If you are also interested in joining Vedantu to enjoy the interactive learning experience, then you can simply connect to us through our mobile application and website. 

FAQs on Pig

1. What is special about pigs?

Pigs have bad vision but they have a strong sense of smell. On its leathery snout, which is very sensitive to touch, are the pig's nostrils. The pig uses the snout for food to hunt for or root. Of all domesticated animals, pigs are among the smartest and are much smarter than dogs. You might be surprised to know about such special things about the pigs as you have never heard of these facts. Thus, you can enhance your knowledge about the pig by reading their fun facts.

2. How fast can pigs run?

Wild pigs are capable of running up to 30 mph. With walls 5 to 6 feet high, they can jump over fences less than 3 feet tall and have "climbed" from pig traps. You must be wondering how the pigs can run so fast with such a small height. But, this is true about the pigs that they run quite fast and can jump high as well. Even the kid pigs are able to pace with their big members.

3. What are five interesting facts about pigs?

Five interesting facts about pigs are as follows: 

  • Pigs are smart.  

  • Naturally, pigs are very clean animals.

  • They are much more tolerant of colder temperatures than heat.

  • When they are trained piglets can learn their names at just two to three weeks old.

  • Pigs use grunts to communicate with each other.

  • Pigs have excellent memories.

So, isn’t it interesting to know that pigs are really smart, they remain comparatively clean than other animals and yes they are excellent in terms of retaining memories for longer. Thus, pigs are interesting creatures. 

4. How is Vedantu going to deliver information on pigs? 

Vedantu relies on varied authentic sources to compile all the information of a subject in a single place. The tutors ensure that students do not find it challenging to check the information and facts about pigs. Plus, the students have the freedom to discuss their queries that are not only heard but resolved on time. Students should not be confined to reading the material in a single go but read it multiple times and remain prepared fully for the examination.

5. What are the tips to prepare the Pigs chapter? 

Whether it is a chapter based on a single animal like a pig or it is about different animals, this will be full of facts. Thus, one should focus on learning the true facts as factual information has to be written as it is and it is likely to help you score more in the examination. And, try not to depend on the last day's learning as it may land you in trouble as you may forget the information in the tests.