A breed of toy dog originated in ancient China – the Pekingese was and continues to be a cherished companion of human beings. The historical mooring of this adorable yet strong dog breed is extensive and fascinating. Originating in ancient China, the Pekingese dog breed was favoured by the Chinese royalty and imperial court as a lap dog and a companion dog. A sanctimonious aura was also attached to the Pekingese. The breed name is reminiscent of Peking, currently known as Beijing, where the Forbidden City is situated. The Pekingese was introduced to the West by English forces that plundered the Imperial Palace at Peking in 1860. The Pekingese are famous for their lion-like appearance, courage and independence and are alternately called the 'lion dog' both in the East and West.
On account of its desirable traits, the Pekingese has been a sought-after member of the designer crossbreed trend gaining momentum worldwide. Therefore, they are crossed with the poodle dog to bear a new breed called the Peek-a-boo. Sometimes, the Pekingese dog is also crossed with a Maltese to produce a Peke-a-tese.
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The Physical Appearance of the Pekingese Dog
Intelligent, affectionate, friendly and dignified are the appropriate descriptive terms for the Pekingese dog breed. The flat face and large eyes are the most recognizable features of this cuddly dog. With a maximum weight of 14 pounds and a height of 6-9 inches, the Pekingese is perfect for a warm snuggle. In addition to the usual size, small Pekingese are also common, and they are known as 'sleeve Pekingese' or simply 'sleeves'. This unique name is derived from the Ancient Chinese practice when emperors carried the smallest of the Pekingese breed in their sleeves. The body of the Pekingese dog is compact and low to the ground. They have a full mane and heavily haired thighs, forelegs, tail and toes. Their head is broad and flat with hanging ears and a short wrinkled muzzle. Beneath the envy-inducing mane, the Pekingese dog is stocky and muscular. The most common colour associated with them is golden, but the fact is that they come in all shades, with blue and grey being the rarest of all. The Pekingese has such pitch-black eyes that the white portion is barely visible when they look straight. Blue-eyed Pekingese are also found, albeit in rarity.
The coat of the Pekingese dog breed requires a discussion of its own. All common species have a wide range of colour combinations, with most of them possessing a red, gold or sable coat. Irrespective of the coat colour, the nose, exposed skin of the muzzle, lips and eye rims of the Pekingese are black. Ideally, it would be best if you groomed a Pekingese two to three times a week, and it is essential to bathe them occasionally. The thick coat of the Pekingese requires regular care and grooming.
Temperament and Traits of the Pekingese Dog Breed
The Pekingese, also known as Peke, is an adaptable dog that can live and adjust with just about anybody. They are suitable for novice pet owners, apartment dwellers, and so forth. They tend to have a self-important attitude owing to their royal history. The Pekingese is an intelligent breed with profound streaks of independence and stubbornness. They have uptight mannerism and consider themselves to be in charge of any situation. Training a Pekingese is a challenging feat as they require gradual persuasion. It is necessary to convince them that they are the boss in the given context. The Peke does not react to harsh training or discipline and instead becomes defensive with strictness.
The Pekingese is affectionate with their family but remains aloof with and wary of strangers. As such, they become commendable watchdogs because they unapologetically bark when strangers approach them. At times, the Pekingese may bark too incessantly; hence, training them early on when to stop is a good idea. Bravery and courage are distinguishable features of the Pekingese. They are acclaimed to defend their loved ones to death.
The Pekingese does not get along with other dogs and only prefers the company of other Pekingese. Therefore, it can take a long time to get along with other animals in the household. But, socialization is possible. Exposure to various people, views, sounds and experiences from the early days ensures that the Peke is well-rounded and healthy.
A Pekingese is not appropriate for families with children and toddlers. Children are always intrigued by small dogs and may mistreat a Pekingese, which can irritate them. As such, the dog may bite the baby.
Health issues of the Pekingese Breed
The Pekingese lifespan ranges between 12 and 14 years. As a result, the breed is susceptible to issues that all short-faced dog breeds face. Respiratory diseases like Brachycephalic syndrome are common. Their short airways imply that they make a wheezing sound when awake and may snore loudly while sleeping. But, this trait is something that many Pekingese owners find cute and adorable. However, this could potentially be a severe enough issue to significantly restrict the ability of the dog to breathe through their nose. Therefore, it is vital to look at the bloodline of Pekingese for serious breathing issues. Unfortunately, the Brachycephalic syndrome also puts the Pekingese at increased risk for specific eye problems.
Intriguing, feisty and wondrous, the Pekingese is a natural marvel whose life cycle, patterns and behaviours open a Pandora's Box of evolutionary intelligence. These beautiful yet bold dog species have fascinated the scientific community with their traits and have tickled the laymen through their intellect. Despite unprecedented strides in documentation and research, there is a lot to know and garner about the Pekingese breed. The royal history of the species is intriguing and reveals a lot about the relationship between man and dogs. They are preferred by pet owners worldwide because of the fierceness, cute appearance and snooty charm. If you are looking for a cuddly and cute dog that is smart and brave, the Pekingese may be the right choice for you. Moreover, the small size of the Pekingese breed makes it easy for city dwellers living in small apartments to have them like them. In addition to regular grooming, the Pekingese is a hassle-free breed. It will surely love you with its entirety and vouch for taking adequate care of your house’s safety.
The haughty attitude of the Pekingese dog breed makes a sight to behold. However, they act very funny and cute with their owners and other trusted ones despite their outlook. Lastly, the Pekes are a famous breed for dog shows. Their intelligence makes them an easy and feasible choice for dog trainers.