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Labrador Retriever Dogs

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Last updated date: 12th Jul 2024
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All about Labrador Retriever Dogs

Labrador retriever dogs are among the favorite breeds, which are historically known to be a friendly companion and useful. If we go back to this breed's history, the Labrador dog origin happened as a sporting breed. They were kept as fishermen helpers for fetching ropes and retrieving fish during the chilling climate in the North Atlantic. This is actually for what were Labradors originally bred for during their origin.

However, as time passed, labs became more good-natured and extremely helpful, giving the true meaning of loyalty. They are listed among the top dog breeds in America, and you will find these retrievers at every other home.

About Labrador Retriever Origin

The Labrador retriever origin dates back to the time of 1500 in Newfoundland. These dogs were owned by fishermen who used these dogs to jump on the icy water to get fish fallen off from the fishing hooks. Until the 1800s, these dogs extensively lived in Newfoundland, after which they were imported to England. Later in 1830, a British sportsman named Colonel Hawker said, these breeds of dogs are the best to perform any kind of shooting and are fine with legs and smooth hair.

Later in the 1900s, these breed dogs were discovered by the hunters' US and learned about its work ethics. In 1917, The American Kennel Club recognized these retrievers as a loving pet to many families. It is very interesting to know about Labrador retrievers and their origin.

One of the reasons pet lovers widely own these breed dogs is affection, friendly and highly active nature. These breed dogs come in two different varieties: American (tall) and English (short). Both these varieties come in different skin and fur colours.

Some more Labrador Retriever Knowledge

From the Labrador breed origin, these dogs are well balanced depending on the sex and height of 21.5 to 24.5 inches and weigh 59-80 pounds. They usually come in black, yellow and chocolate fur color. Their head is broad and carries glimmer eyes.

Although they are the best companions and socialize, they carry high energy and require lots of workout and training.

Lab Retriever Health

Lab dogs are very healthy and hyperactive. However, many of these dogs may face elbow and hip dysplasia, eye conditions and progressive retinal atrophy. This condition is called Exercise Induced Collapse (EIC), which usually happens to young labs.

Compared to other dogs, these labs may face a severe stomach condition called Bloat. If you are a lab owner, then you must educate yourself about this condition. In addition, when you check the Labrador dog history, you will find that the breed faces multiple health issues.

Some of the Health Issues Labrador Retrievers Face are:

  • Dental Disease

One of the chronic health issues right from the Labrador origin, dental disease affects 80% of dogs at the age of two. Dental problems start from the tartar build-up on the teeth, which increases to the gums and root of the teeth. In case, your dog does not  receive early treatment; it may lose the teeth. This may also lead to other internal issues, which may bring down the lifespan.

  • Infections

Infections are quite common among lab dogs. Pravo rabies and distemper are the two most common infections your dog may face. Many of these infections are treatable in the early stage to make your dog free from any complications.

  • Obesity

Obesity is the most common health issue seen in lab dogs. It can be severe at the later stage affecting joint problems, digestive disorders and metabolic. Since these breed dogs are active and need training, this also results in more eating. The more they eat; the more they end up gaining weight. The best is to take your lab to regular walks and give love.

  • Parasites

Parasites are very common among dogs. Worms and bugs reside on the body of your dog. Fleas and ear mites can also affect their internal and external parts of their body. Many labs face heartworms and roundworms can get into her/his internal system. Some of the reasons behind these increasing parasites are walking on contaminated soil and infection after biting mosquitoes or drinking unclean water. These parasites may cause discomfort and may even face severe health issues.

  • Bloat

This problem occurs in lab dogs with deep or narrow chests called the Gastric Dilatation Volvulus. When the bloat attacks the lab, the stomach gets twisted and is filled with gas. If left untreated, the disease may get serious, taking away the life of the dog. Your dog may also act restless and carry a huge abdomen. It is best to take your dog to the veterinarian who can help in overcoming the problem.

  • Liver Problems

Compared to other dogs, your lab dog may face liver problems called the Portosystemic Shunt (PSS). In this case, the blood supply that should reach the liver does not reach. This makes the liver deprived of blood flow for its growth. If your lab has PSS, his/her liver may not be able to remove toxins from the bloodstream. The doctor, while examining your dog, will conduct a live function test along with the anaesthesia.

  • Bleeding Disorders

Haemophilia, the common name for the bleeding disorder, is quite common. The veterinarian would conduct diagnostic testing to assess his blood clotting time.

Types of Labrador Retriever Dogs

There are two different types of Labrador retriever dogs- American Golden Retrievers and English Golden Retrievers.

American Golden Retrievers

  • American Golden Retrievers are widely known for their hunting styles. American golden retrievers are known for their longer and taller structure. 

  • This dog breed carries a good hunting drive and has a deep red coat.

English Golden Retrievers

Widely known in Europe and other countries, these retriever breed dogs are quite different in terms of colour and overall physical appearance.

Similar Features

Although both these dogs are different, there are certain similar qualities in both. Both carry identical social-friendly features. Similarly, both are intelligent and hyperactive active in all senses. They are good at socializing and petting other dogs too.

Difference Between the Two:

The two significant difference between both these dog types are:

  1. English golden retrievers are white, whereas the American golden retrievers are dark brown.

  2. English golden retrievers carry box-like heads, while the American golden retrievers have fox-like heads.

When it comes to behavior, American Golden Retrievers are less calm and are highly good at athletics, carrying good energy. This makes the owner a bit difficult to train these dogs. English retrievers, on the other hand, are relatively calm and are easy to train.

When it comes to coat and colour, American Golden Retrievers carry lustrous golden colour. English retrievers, on the other hand, carry cream and gold. Moreover, they have a water-resistant undercoat. Furthermore, Americans carry a thicker coat and straight feather, while English carry wavy fur.

Health and Life Expectancy

According to one study by the Golden Retriever Club of America, more than 70 percent of American Golden Retrievers suffer from cancer. Only 38 percent of English retrievers suffer from cancer. Golden retrievers are prone to disease like mast cell tumors and osteosarcoma.

Physical Structure

American retrievers carry head structure and broad skulls. They carry medium to large eyes and come with close fitted rims.

English retrievers have a balanced head and broad skull. Moderately sized ears and distance between two eyes. When it comes to ears, Americans have front aligned ears above the eye-level. English dogs carry moderate size and are at the eye-level.

What Do Labrador Retrievers Eat?

The amount of food your lab will eat completely depends on the size. Since Labrador breed origin, they are known for their excellent diet. This is to help them in keeping active.

  •  40-45 pound then 200-230 grams per day 

  • 50-55 pound then 240-265 grams per day

  • 60-65 pound than 270-300 grams per day

  • 70-75 pound than 300-335 grams per day

There are different brands that offer specific food for Labrador retrievers. Dry Kibble and Raw meat and bones are the common ones. Dry kibble is like the dried pellets of dog food available in every pet store.

Some Fun Facts about Labrador Retrievers

  • Labs Love Water a Lot: No matter what type of Labrador retriever you own, they love water. They carry a thick tail, which they use as a powerful rudder. Then their thick waterproof coats keep their body warm even in cold water. If we go back to Labrador breed origin, you will find that fishing hunters used these dogs to dip into cold water to catch fish.

  • They are Purpose-bred Hunting Dogs: Since the origin, these breed dogs are excellent in hunting and can work in different settings.

  • They can do anything when it comes to showing affection

  • Labrador retrievers are very intelligent and have a willingness to work. They are most popular as service dogs and rescue. In many countries, they are used as a therapy dog.

  • Need Proper Training: Since they are bouncy and bold, they need proper training and socializing. Training them can be a joy. You can either train them by self or take them to the dog-training centre.

  • Versatile Sporting Dogs: By carrying intelligence, obedience and eagerness to please, they excel in sports and hunting. In many sports, these breed dogs are used.

  • Colour Doesn't Indicate their Character: Many dog lovers claim yellow labs are not more active than black ones who are good at hunting. However, colour does not determine the characteristics of the dog. Each breed of dog is different, and each carries other skills.

FAQs on Labrador Retriever Dogs

Q1. What is the Breeding Process of Labrador Retrievers?

Breeding for your Labrador retriever is quite an exciting task, but you also need to make sure both dogs are ready for the same. Breeding a female Labrador before the mature age can bring loads of complications. In many cases, the dog may even die due to difficulty. Therefore, the right age for male Labrador to mate is after 12 months of age. In the female, you need to wait until the third heat cycle, which usually happens at 18 to 24 months. Both male and female need to be fully grown for breeding activity.

An adult male Labrador retriever can mate any time after a certain age. However, when it comes to females, you need to be very particular about the heat cycle and other concerns. The first heat cycle in the female lab happens after six month old. Never breed the dog in this period. You need to wait until she is fully matured.


Educate yourself well when it comes to breeding Labrador retriever dogs. A wrong timing can be fatal for your dog.

Q2. What is the Cost of a Labrador Retriever?

The cost of a Labrador retriever depends on the age and breed you are buying. A Labrador puppy in India usually costs around Rs 4000- 5000/-. It may also go up to Rs 1 lac, depending on the quality and the pedigree they have. 

You need to do a proper research about the pricing of this dog breed. Many times, breeders having no knowledge end up selling at a high price. Check the condition of the do. If you need a healthy lab, you can even get it in Rs 30,000/-

Q3. How to Take Care of a Labrador Retriever of Dog?

Taking care of Labrador retriever dog breed is extremely important, right from their small age. Nutritious diet, regular exercise and grooming are very important to make them stay healthy. Daily routines consist of diet control and exercise. Weekly involves grooming and other care. You need to take your lab for a periodic doctor visit to ensure there is no problem in your dog. 

Some of the things you need to keep in mind are:

Do not keep sharp or electric wires around their stay

Don't keep trash lying around, especially wrappers

Make them do the exercise regularly, play ball throw and catch game and other physical activities. 

Make sure you do not plants that are toxic for lab dogs

If you have a pool in your house, then fence the area to avoid your dog falling into it and drowning.