Gray parrots, commonly referred to as African greys, are indigenous to rainforests of central Africa, ranging in a band through the continent from Côte d’Ivoire to western Kenya. The biggest parrot in Africa, this species adorns silver feathers, a white mask, and a bright, shiny, reddish tail. Males and females seem almost similar in appearance. Grey colour parrot may have colourless stunning than other parrots, but African grays are bright in other ways such as:
gray parrot are among the smartest birds in the world
They are the greatest imitator of human speech among the 350 or so known parrot species.
Research revealed that the African grey bird has cognitive skills equivalent to that of a five-year-old child.
This species will also help members of their species, in fact, strangers, without expecting their kindness to be reciprocated.
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African grey parrot, Grey parrot, Congo grey parrot, Congo African grey parrot with a scientific name called: Psittacus erithacus.
Adult Gray Parrot Size
Measuring around 13 inches, weighing just below 1 pound.
Life Expectancy of Gray Parrot
On average, 40 to 60 years in captivity.
Behavior of African Grey Parrot
African grays are tremendously social species, flying across the sky in noisy groups and roosting in huge flocks in the middle of the treetops each evening. They feed in smaller groups of around 30, eating foods like oil palm nuts and the berries of the cola plant, clutching them in their claws and ripping them open with their powerful beak. The birds will also often time raid human crops, like maize.
Grey colour parrot species have been pets for about thousands of years—there are chronicles of these birds as household pets during biblical times. It has a captivating capacity to reason and an unnatural talent for appropriately imitating words and phrases. Surprisingly, African grey birds can also understand human speech, which has enabled them to slingshot this bird to stardom in the pet trade. A well-trained African grey colour parrot can learn hundreds of phrases and sounds.
Mating of African Grey Parrot
The married parrots that mate for life starts searching for mates between 3 and 5 years of age. A pair will find pre-existing tree cavities in which to create a nest, lay a clasp of about three to four eggs, which are hatched by the female. Grey parrot parents are attentive, constructing well-built nests and nourishing their chicks together.
African Grey Colors and Markings
True to its name, African greys usually sport grey feathers, some with a bewitching thin, pale edging.
Species of African Grey
There are two subspecies, Congo African grey and Timneh greys.
Congos: This bird species is about a third larger than Timnehs. Congo African greys sport shiny black beak and bright red tail feathers
Timneh: Timnehs greys possess deep maroon tail feathers and horn-coloured mandibles.
Care & Feeding For an African Grey Parrot
There’s a reason why the African grey bird is often regarded as the poster bird for parrot wisdom — not only is this bird predisposed to gather up a huge vocabulary, but also illustrate an aptitude for perceiving the meaning of words and phrases.
African greys require a lot of toys that challenge their wisdom, such as puzzle and foraging toys. Nutri-Berries are ideal for foraging. This complete food amalgamates a balance of grains, proteins, nutrients, seeds, and other minerals in the shape of a berry. Given the fact that seeds and grains are mostly whole and formed into a berry shape, it motivates African grays to hold, nibble, and even have fun with the Nutri-Berries. This imitates the foraging that African greys do in the wild.
African grays appear to be particularly affected by stress and chaos in their atmosphere and can be put at ease by placing one corner of the cage against a wall as opposed to in the centre of a room.
African grey parrots are more inclined towards deficiency in vitamin-A/beta-carotene and thus benefit from consuming vegetables high in beta-carotene, such as fresh kale, carrot and cooked sweet potato. Deficiency of Vitamin D is another issue, particularly for grays on a poor diet. Providing a balanced, pelletized diet, such as Nutri-Berries, as the main diet component of an African grey enables averting off deficiencies of vitamin and mineral. A grey that eats a pellet diet usually does not necessitate vitamin supplements added to the food.
How to Keep African Grey Bird Happy?
A medium- to large-sized parrot, African grey bird requires sufficient living space. Minimum cage size must have a 2-foot by 2-foot footprint and 3 feet in height. Larger cages are more favourable though.
In absence of adequate training and interaction, a gray bird may become discontent and demonstrate self-mutilating behaviours, such as feather-plucking. Thus, the owner must ensure to provide a pleasing environment to a gray parrot.
This species prospers when they get ample opportunities for playing with toys, communicating with their owners, and learning phrases and tricks. Expect to spend some quality hours each day training and talking with your African grey. Many owners also report that gay parrot enjoys watching television or listening radio when they are left alone.
African grays are known to be a bit sensitive and easily affected by stress and ruckus. They may feel calmer and composed if the cage is placed in a quiet corner rather than in the middle of the room.
What to Feed Your Africa Grey Bird: Nutrition of African Grey Parrot
In the wild, African grays eat flowers, fruits, vegetables, leaves, insects, and bark. Ideal food for an African gray in captivity is a superior-quality, designed pellet supplemented with fruits such as melon, mango, and pomegranate. Also, offer fresh vegetables, including leafy greens such as arugula, kale, sprouts, watercress and healthy seeds like hemp and flaxseed that will help keep your African grey healthy and thriving.
Many grays take delight in a variety of snacks and treats, such as nuts and healthy table foods such as salad, steamed green beans, and breakfast toast.
Provide your bird with a half cup of pellet-based parrot mix and a ¼ cup of fruits and vegetables regularly and adapt the quantity as per their appetite. Eliminate and reject all uneaten fresh food by the end of each day.
Common Health Problems Associated With African Grey
African grays can be predisposed to vitamin-A and vitamin-D deficiency, calcium deficiency, feather picking, feather illness, respiratory infection, psittacosis, and psittacine beak.
Vitamin deficiencies can be controlled by ensuring your bird eats a wide range of fruits, as well as vegetables high in beta-carotene, such as carrot, kale and freshly cooked sweet potato.
Feather-picking is generally the manifestation of a bored bird that is not receiving enough exercise, attention, or mental stimulation.
Exercise Required For African Grey Bird Health
Sufficient amounts of activity are crucial in order to maintain the health of a grey parrot. Pet gray parrots must be allowed to spend at least 1 to 2 hours out of their cages with extraneous exercise and ensure to offer them with enough bird-safe chew toys to enable them to exercise their mighty beaks.
Pros of African Grey Bird Health
Social, friendly, though not like being cuddled.
Wise, can understand and speak hundreds of words, phrases and sound.
Cons of African Grey Bird Health
Where to Buy An African Grey Parrot
Gray parrots can be bought from a local breeder and see if you can meet with them, see first-hand and how these birds interact in a home environment.
Natural Habitat of African Grey Parrot
The Timneh African grey (TAG) is smaller than the more well-liked Congo African grey (CAG). It consists of darker gray, nearly black, with a horn-coloured beak, and its tail manifests colour from maroon to dark gray or black.
African grey parrots usually inhabit savannas, woodland, coastal mangroves, and peripheries of forest clearings in their Central and West Africa range. Though the bigger of the African grey subspecies is known as the Congo African grey, this bird really has a much wider natural range in Africa, including Kenya, Tanzania and southeastern Ivory Coast. The TAG is found in a smaller area beside the western edge of the Ivory Coast and across southern Guinea.