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Lines and Angles Class 7 Notes CBSE Maths Chapter 5 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 23rd Apr 2024
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Revision Notes for CBSE Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 - Free PDF Download

Revision Notes Class 7 Maths Chapters 5 for Lines and Angles is available in a PDF format for free download at Vedantu as a part of Class 7 Maths Notes for Quick Revision. The CBSE Class 7 Maths Notes Chapter 5 Lines and Angles given here are prepared lucidly considering the board pattern and guidelines. Read below to discover all that is included in Maths Class 7 Lines and Angles Notes.

Download CBSE Class 7 Maths Revision Notes 2024-25 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 7 Maths revision notes for All chapters:

Access Class 7 Mathematics Chapter 5 – Lines and Angles Notes


a. Line segment: A line with definite end points is called a line segment. It is denoted as $\overline{AB}$.

b. Line: A line segment when extended infinitely from both ends, we get a line. It is denoted as $\overleftrightarrow{AB}$.

c. Ray: A line with one endpoint is called a ray. It is denoted by $\overrightarrow{AB}$.

d. Angle: When two lines or line segments intersect or meet at a common point, an angle is formed. For example, in the figure below, we can see the angles formed by the lines $\overleftrightarrow{PQ}$ and $\overleftrightarrow{RS}$ are $\angle POS,\angle SOQ,\angle QOR$ and $\angle ROP$.

Example of an Angle

Related Angles:

a. Complementary angles: Two angles having the sum of their measures equal to ${{90}^{\circ }}$ are called complementary angles. When two angles are complementary, one angle is called the complement of another angle. An example has been shown below.

Complementary angles

b. Supplementary angles: Two angles having the sum of their measures equal to ${{180}^{\circ }}$ are called supplementary angles. When two angles are complementary, one angle is called the supplement of another angle. An example has been shown below.

Supplementary angles

c. Adjacent angle: The pair of angles present next to each other such that they have a common vertex, one common arm and the non-common arm lies on either side of the common arm. In the diagram given below, $\angle 1$ and $\angle 2$ are adjacent angles.

Adjacent angle

d. Linear pair: The adjacent angles who are supplementary to each other are called the linear pairs. The non-common arms of these angles are rays moving in opposite directions. In the diagram given below, $\angle 1$ and $\angle 2$ are linear pair angles.

Linear pair

e. Vertically opposite angles: Two lines that cross each other, four angles are formed as shown in the diagram below.

Vertically opposite angles

Here, $\angle 1\And \angle 3$ and $\angle 2\And \angle 4$ are vertically opposite to each other.

Pairs of Lines:

a. Intersecting lines: two lines when crosses each other at only one point, then they are called the intersecting lines and that point is called the point intersection. As in the diagram below, $l$ and $m$are intersecting lines with their point of intersection $A$.

b. Transversal: When two or more distinct lines are intersected by a common line, then that line is called a transversal. As in the figure below, lines $l$ and $m$ are intersected by a common line $p$ which is the transversal. This transversion creates eight angles.


The relation between the eight angles have been tabulated below.

Interior angles

$\angle 3,\angle 4,\angle 5,\angle 6$

Exterior angles

$\angle 1,\angle 2,\angle 7,\angle 8$

Pairs of corresponding angles

$\angle 1\And \angle 5,\angle 2\And \angle 6,\angle 3\And \angle 7,\angle 4\And \angle 8$

Pairs of alternate interior angles

$\angle 3\And \angle 6,\angle 4\And \angle 5$

Pairs of alternate exterior angles

$\angle 1\And \angle 8,\angle 2\And \angle 7$

Pairs of interior angles on the same side of transversal

$\angle 3\And \angle 5,\angle 4\And \angle 6$

Traversal of Parallel Lines:

When a pair of parallel lines $l$ and $m$ are intersected by a line $t$, then following properties can be observed.

Traversal of parallel lines

1. Each pair of corresponding angles are equal. e.g., $\angle 7=\angle 8,\angle 1=\angle 2$, etc.

2. Each pair of alternate interior angles are equal. e.g., $\angle 3=\angle 8,\angle 1=\angle 6$, etc.

3. Each pair of interior angles on the same side of the transversal are supplementary to each other. e.g., $\angle 1+\angle 8={{180}^{\circ }}$, etc.

Introduction To Important Terms

  • Lines Segment

A line segment is defined as a line drawn having two endpoints and it is denoted by AB¯.

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(Image will be Uploaded Soon) 

  • Line                                             

A line does not have any endpoints on either side and it is denoted by AB←→.

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(Image will be Uploaded Soon) 

If a single straight line passes through 3 or more points, the points are called collinear.

P, Q, R are collinear points.

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(Image will be Uploaded Soon)

  • Ray

A ray is described as a line which has one endpoint and is endless from another side. 

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(Image will be Uploaded Soon) 

Pictorial Illustrations and Differentiation Between Line, LineSegment, Ray

You now already know that a line segment consists of two endpoints. If we stretch out the two endpoints in either direction endlessly, we will obtain a line. Thus, remember that a line has no endpoints. On the contrary, a ray consists of one endpoint (starting point). When lines or line segments meet, then an angle is formed. Refer to the image below to understand the difference clearly:-

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(Image will be Uploaded Soon)                 

  • Intersecting Line

If two distinct lines cross or meet at a point, then they are termed intersecting lines.

  • Parallel Lines

Lines that are at the same distance apart from each other and never bisect anywhere in a plane are called the parallel lines.

  • Traversal Line

If a line bisects two or more lines at different points it is known as the traversal line

  • Angle

Angles formed are made up of two rays which begin from a common point.

About CBSE Solutions for Lines and Angles Class 7 Notes

In Class 7 Revision Notes Maths Ch 5 available at Vedantu, you will study various types of angles and their applications in geometrical mathematics. Read below about the types of angles you will learn in Class 7 Maths Revision Notes Chapter 5:

Types of Angles

  • Acute Angle

An angle which is smaller than 90 degrees is called an acute angle.

  • Obtuse Angle

An angle that measures more than 90 degrees but is less than 180 degrees is called an obtuse angle.

  • Right Angle

An angle formed at exactly 90 degrees is called a right angle.

  • Straight Angle

An angle formed at 180 degrees is called a straight angle. An angle so formed is developed by a straight line.

  • Reflex Angle

An angle more than 180 degrees but less than 270 degrees is called a reflex angle.

  • Full Angle

A full angle is an angle that measures complete 360°.

Other Types of Angles

  • Complementary Angles: The sum of the measures of two angles comes out to be 90°, the angles formed are what we call the complementary angles.

e.g. ∠A = 65°, ∠B = 25°

∠A + ∠B = 65° + 25° = 90°

  • Supplementary Angles: When the sum of the measures of the two angles is 180° and then such pairs of angles are known as supplementary angles.

e.g. ∠A = 140°, ∠B = 40°

∠A + ∠B = 140° + 40° = 180°

  • Adjacent Angles: These angles are that which consists of a common vertex, a common arm and non-common arms on either side of the common arm are called adjacent angles. Adjacent angles have no common interior points.

  • Linear Pair: A pair of adjacent angles whose non-common sides make for opposite rays is called a linear pair.

  • Vertically Opposite Angles: when two lines bisect each other, the vertically opposite angles so formed are equivalent.

Solved Examples


Find the angle which will be equal to its complement.


Assuming the two equal complementary angles be x

Thus, x + x = 90°

Or, 2x = 90°

And x = 90/2 = 45°

Thus, 45 is equivalent to its complement.


If in a plane figure AB∥CD with ∠4 = 50° and ∠5 = 45°, then identify all the three angles of the ∆ABC.


Given:  AB ∥ CD

∠4 = 60° and ∠5 = 40°

In order to identify: ∠1, ∠2 and ∠3

Calculation: ∠1 + ∠4 + ∠5 = 180° (sum of angles forming a straight angle)

Thus, ∠1 = 180°- 60°- 40°

∠1 = 80°

Benefits of Solving Lines and Angles Class 7 Notes CBSE Maths Chapters 5 (Free PDF Download)

  • Solving "Lines and Angles Class 7 Notes CBSE Maths Chapter 5 (Free PDF Download)" offers several noteworthy benefits to students. 

  • Firstly, it promotes a thorough understanding of fundamental geometric concepts related to lines and angles, laying a solid foundation for advanced mathematical studies. 

  • Secondly, by providing a diverse range of problems and exercises, these notes enhance students' problem-solving and critical-thinking abilities. They encourage students to apply geometric principles to practical scenarios, fostering logical reasoning skills. 

  • Thirdly, these notes are a valuable resource for exam preparation, as they cover the entire chapter and offer solutions to exercises commonly found in assessments. 

  • They facilitate visual learning, aiding students in comprehending geometric shapes and properties. Overall, these notes promote not only academic success but also the development of essential life skills applicable in various real-world situations.

Prepare Well for Lines and Angles Class 7 Notes CBSE Maths Chapter 5 

In conclusion, "Lines and Angles Class 7 Notes CBSE Maths Chapter 5 (Free PDF Download)" serves as an invaluable educational resource. This chapter is fundamental in building students' geometric understanding and problem-solving skills. The notes provide clarity on geometric principles, aiding in a deeper comprehension of lines and angles. They are a valuable tool for exam preparation, offering comprehensive coverage of the chapter's content. Additionally, these notes encourage critical thinking, logical reasoning, and the practical application of geometry in various fields. Their accessibility as free PDF downloads ensures that quality education is accessible to all, making them an essential companion for students on their mathematical journey.

FAQs on Lines and Angles Class 7 Notes CBSE Maths Chapter 5 (Free PDF Download)

1. Where will I Find the Best Class 7 Revision Notes Lines and Angles?

By referring to Revision Notes of Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 created by the subject specialist at Vedantu, you will be able to get the last moment run down preparation in a place. Students will have no doubt and be able to rest anxiety-free before the final examinations as you will be fully prepared in advance using these revision notes and sample papers. 

Also, the CBSE Class 7 Revision Notes Lines and Angles PDF is simple to read and includes all the material, clearly described in the shortest possible manner. You can also use the sample papers that Vedantu provides for free in a PDF format for the CBSE Class 7 along with the Class 7 Maths Notes on Lines and Angles. Together, students will be exam ready to answer every type of question, both subjective and objective and targets for the best in their school examination.

2. What are lines for Class 7?

As discussed in the chapter, a line is a straight, one-dimensional figure that has no beginning and no end. In other words, when the endpoints of a line segment are extended endlessly, a line is formed.  The line can also be interpreted as the shortest distance between any two points in a plane. The line is the most basic figure in geometry, thus, to understand geometry, one first has to be thorough with the basics of the line. 

3. What are angles for Class 7 Maths?

As discussed in Class 7 Maths, Chapter 5 - Lines and Angles, an angle is the geometrical figure made up of two rays that meet at a common, fixed point. Ray is, in simple words, a line that has a fixed point on one end. Instead of extending endlessly on both sides, a ray has a fixed point, and the other end extends endlessly.  An angle is calculated in degrees and can be measured with the help of a protractor. 

4. What is the corresponding angle for Class 7?

Corresponding angles can be understood with the help of an example. Let us suppose that there is a pair of parallel lines in a plane and they are cut by a transversal. At the place where the transversal passes through these lines, angles are being formed. The angles that are on the same side of the transversal, i.e, the angles that are formed in the corresponding or the matching corners with the transversal, are referred to as the corresponding angles. 

5. How Many Questions are there in NCERT Solutions Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles?

Vedantu's NCERT Solutions and Vedantu's Revision Notes for Class 7 Maths, Chapter 5- 'Lines and Angles,' have covered all the questions and topics of the chapter. This study material will help you find answers to each question given in the Maths NCERT book. By referring to Vedantu's study materials, you can simplify your Maths examination preparation. The study material provided by Vedantu is highly credible, well-structured, easy-to-understand and based on the latest CBSE syllabus, exam pattern and marking scheme. 

6. What are the important topics covered in NCERT Revision Notes Class 7 Maths Chapter 5?

Class 7 Maths, Chapter 5- 'Lines and Angles' gives students an introduction to the world of Geometry. The chapter begins with basic concepts such as a line, ray, line segment and angles. Under the topic of angles, different types of angles discussed are- corresponding angles, alternate angles (alternate interior and alternate exterior angles). Next, questions are given based on supplementary angles, adjacent angles, linear pair, vertically opposite angles and Interior angles on the same side of the transversal.  The chapter then moves on to discuss the basic properties of the triangle. 

If you want to understand these concepts more accurately and to make detailed notes, then go through the given link CBSE Class 7 Math Chapter 5 notes .This link will redirect you to the official website of Vedantu where you can access the content related to Chapter 5 for free. Additionally, you can also download its PDF if you want to study offline.